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Errors in theology of Jehovah’s Witnesses

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To read about some contradictions in the Bible please click here.
To read about some contradictions in the Quran please click here.
To read about some contradictions and errors in theology of the Holy Spirit please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Christianity please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Judaism please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Islam please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Hinduism please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of ISKCON (a.k.a. Hare Krishna movement or Hare Krishnas) please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Urantia Book please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Alexey Vasilevich Trekhlebov (Vedaman Vedagor) (in Russian) please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of CPS (Concept of Public Safety) (in Russian) please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of various cults please click here.

All the material about theology of Jehovah’s Witnesses below is divided into small logical chapters and each chapter ends with a question which you should ask adept of Jehovah’s Witnesses during the debate about theology of Jehovah’s Witnesses.

Chapter #1: The author of the New Testament

The dogmas of Jehovah’s Witnesses claim that the Catholic religion is false, and this is the reason why Jehovah’s Witnesses do not recognize the Pope.
However, Jehovah’s Witnesses recognize the Apostle Peter. Jehovah’s Witnesses claim that the religion of the apostle Peter was right.
We will remind that the Roman Catholic Church began with the Apostle Peter. The apostle Peter was the first bishop of Rome (later the title was renamed “the Pope”). The apostle Peter ordained and left Linus as his successor, thus Linus was the second Pope. Pope Linus ordained and left Anacletus as his successor. Thus Anacletus was the third Pope. And so on.
A chronological list of the popes is given below.

Because Jehovah’s Witnesses recognize the first Pope Peter, but do not recognize the current Pope, the obvious conclusion follows that at some point in time Satan took possession of the Pope and directed the Catholic Church into a false direction, and from that moment in time the Catholic religion became false.
Using the dogmas of Jehovah’s Witnesses, let’s examine in more detail the question: in what year did the Catholic religion become false?
List of popes

Name: English / Latin
Personal name
30/33 – 64/68
St Peter
Šimon Kêpâ
(Simon Peter)
64/68 – 76/79
St Linus
76/79 – 88/91
St Anacletus
Papa ANACLETUS (Cletus)
(or Klḗtos)
26 April 88 –
23 Nov 99
St Clement I
23 Nov 99 –
27 Oct 105
St Evaristus
27 Oct 105 –
3 May 115
St Alexander I
3 May 115 –
3 April 125
St Sixtus I
3 April 125 –
5 Jan 136
St Telesphorus
5 Jan 136 –
11 Jan 140
St Hyginus
11 Jan 140 –
11 July 155
St Pius I
11 July 155 –
20 April 166
St Anicetus
20 April 166 –
22 April 174
St Soter
22 April 174 –
26 May 189
St Eleutherius
26 May 189 –
28 July 199
St Victor I
28 July 199 –
20 Dec 217
St Zephyrinus
c. 199 –
c. 200
20 Dec 217 –
14 Oct 222
St Callixtus I
217 –
St Hippolytus
14 Oct 222 –
23 May 230
St Urban I
21 Aug 230 –
28 Sep 235
St Pontian
21 Nov 235 –
3 Jan 236
St Anterus
10 Jan 236 –
20 Jan 250
St Fabian
6 March 251 –
25 June 253
St Cornelius
March 251 –
25 June 253 –
5 March 254
St Lucius I
12 March 254 –
2 Aug 257
St Stephen I
30 Aug 257 –
6 Aug 258
St Sixtus II
Papa XYSTUS Secundus
22 July 259 –
26 Dec 268
St Dionysius
5 Jan 269 –
30 Dec 274
St Felix I
4 Jan 275 –
7 Dec 283
St Eutychian
17 Dec 283 –
22 April 296
St Caius
(or Gaius)
30 June 296 –
26 April 304
St Marcellinus
27 May 308 –
16 Jan 309
St Marcellus I
18 April 309 –
17 Aug 310
St Eusebius
2 July 311 –
10 Jan 314
St Miltiades
(or Melchiades)
31 Jan 314 –
31 Dec 335
St Sylvester I


In year 325, the First Council of Nicaea was held at which the Catholic Church proclaimed the dogma that Jesus is God, proclaimed the dogma of the Trinity, and proclaimed the dates of Easter/Christmas holidays.
Because Jehovah's Witnesses do not recognize that Jesus is God and do not recognize the Trinity, and do not recognize the Easter/Christmas holidays, it follows quite clearly from the dogmas of Jehovah's Witnesses that in year 325 Satan had already fully conquered the Catholic Church.
The First Council of Nicaea (/naɪˈsiːə/; Greek: Νίκαια [ˈnikεa]) was a council of Christian bishops convened in the Bithynian city of Nicaea (now İznik, Turkey) by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325.
This ecumenical council was the first effort to attain consensus in the Church through an assembly representing all of Christendom. Hosius of Corduba, who was probably one of the papal legates, may have presided over its deliberations.
Its main accomplishments were settlement of the Christological issue of the divine nature of God the Son and his relationship to God the Father, the construction of the first part of the Nicene Creed, establishing uniform observance of the date of Easter, and promulgation of early canon law.
Agenda and procedure
The agenda of the synod included:
1. The Arian question regarding the relationship between God the Father and the Son (not only in his incarnate form as Jesus, but also in his nature before the creation of the world); i.e., are the Father and Son one in divine purpose only or also one in being?
2. The date of celebration of Pascha/Easter
3. The Meletian schism
4. Various matters of church discipline, which resulted in twenty canons
(1) Organizational structure of the Church: focused on the ordering of the episcopacy
(2) Dignity standards for the clergy: issues of ordination at all levels and of suitability of behavior and background for clergy
(3) Reconciliation of the lapsed: establishing norms for public repentance and penance
(4) Readmission to the Church of heretics and schismatics: including issues of when reordination and/or rebaptism were to be required
(5) Liturgical practice: including the place of deacons, and the practice of standing at prayer during liturgy
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (Latin: Trinitas, lit. 'triad', from Latin: trinus "threefold") holds that God is one God, but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine persons". The three persons are distinct, yet are one "substance, essence or nature" (homoousios). In this context, a "nature" is what one is, whereas a "person" is who one is. Sometimes differing views are referred to as nontrinitarian. Trinitarianism contrasts with positions such as Binitarianism (one deity in two persons, or two deities) and Monarchianism (no plurality of persons within God), of which Modalistic Monarchianism (one deity revealed in three modes) and Unitarianism (one deity in one person) are subsets.
First Council of Nicaea (325)
The Confession of the First Council of Nicaea, the Nicene Creed, said little about the Holy Spirit. At the First Council of Nicea (325) all attention was focused on the relationship between the Father and the Son, without making any similar statement about the Holy Spirit:
First Council of Constantinople (381)
Later, at the First Council of Constantinople (381), the Nicene Creed would be expanded, known as Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed, by saying that the Holy Spirit is worshiped and glorified together with the Father and the Son (συμπροσκυνούμενον καὶ συνδοξαζόμενον), suggesting that he was also consubstantial with them:
We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds (æons), Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father; (...) And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father, who with the Father and the Son together is worshiped and glorified, who spake by the prophets (...). — Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed.
The doctrine of the divinity and personality of the Holy Spirit was developed by Athanasius in the last decades of his life. He defended and refined the Nicene formula. By the end of the 4th century, under the leadership of Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and Gregory of Nazianzus (the Cappadocian Fathers), the doctrine had reached substantially its current form.

Now let’s examine the question: in which year the New Testament was written? In which year the books of the New Testament were canonized? Who were the judges who decided which books should be canonized and which books should be declared apocrypha and destroyed? Who were these people who canonized the books of the New Testament, and in which year the canonization took place?

The content of the New Testament was canonized by the Roman Catholic Church in year 382 in the Council of Rome, i.e. 60 years after the First Council of Nicaea, at which Satan proclaimed false religious dogmas.
By the year 382, many different gospels and many different books about the teachings of Jesus were roaming the Christian world, and all of them contradicted each other.
Therefore, in year 382 it was decided to clean up the mess – several books were selected for canonization, and the remaining books were declared apocryphal and destroyed..
And this canonization was carried out by the Catholic Church in Rome in 382.
As we already have found out above, according to the dogmas of Jehovah’s Witnesses, at least from the year 325, the Satan was certainly ruling the Catholic Church.
In other words, according to the dogmas of Jehovah’s Witnesses, the servants of Satan gathered in Rome in year 382, and namely the Satan designated which books should be included in the New Testament and which books should be declared apocryphal and destroyed.
In other words, according to the dogmas of Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Satan is the author of the New Testament.
Development of the New Testament canon

The canon of the New Testament is the set of books Christians regard as divinely inspired and constituting the New Testament of the Christian Bible. For most, it is an agreed-upon list of twenty-seven books that includes the Canonical Gospels, Acts, letters of the Apostles, and Revelation. The books of the canon of the New Testament were written before 120 AD.
For the Orthodox, the recognition of these writings as authoritative was formalized in the Second Council of Trullan of 692. The Catholic Church provided a conciliar definition of its Biblical canon in 382 at the (local) Council of Rome (based upon the Decretum Gelasianum of uncertain authorship)) as well as at the Council of Trent of 1545, reaffirming the Canons of Florence of 1442 and North African Councils (Hippo and Carthage) of 393–419. For the Church of England, it was made dogmatic on the Thirty-Nine Articles of 1563; for Calvinism, on the Westminster Confession of Faith of 1647.
Council of Rome

The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I, the current bishop of Rome. It was one of the fourth century councils that "gave a complete list of the canonical books of both the Old Testament and the New Testament."

New Testament consists of four gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
Luke and Mark had never seen living Jesus, the gospels of Luke and Mark were written based on the narrations of Pharisee Saul-Paul, who himself had never seen living Jesus too. Luke and Mark were the disciples of Pharisee Saul-Paul.
Unlike Luke and Mark, Matthew and John were the true apostles of Jesus. Matthew and John accompanied Jesus in his travels while Jesus was alive. Which means that gospels of Matthew and John are much more reliable source of information than gospels of Luke and Mark.

The first appointed (by Jesus) apostle was Andrew (a.k.a. “the First-called Andrew”).
18 While walking by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon (who is called Peter) and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen.
19 And he said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.”
20 Immediately they left their nets and followed him.
21 And going on from there he saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets, and he called them.
22 Immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him.
Bible. Matthew 4:18-22
16 Passing alongside the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew the brother of Simon casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen.
17 And Jesus said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you become fishers of men.”
18 And immediately they left their nets and followed him.
19 And going on a little farther, he saw James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, who were in their boat mending the nets.
Bible. Mark 1:16-19
Andrew the Apostle (Greek: Ἀνδρέας, Andreas; from the early 1st century – mid to late 1st century AD), also known as Saint Andrew and called in the Orthodox tradition Prōtoklētos (Πρωτόκλητος) or the First-called, was a Christian Apostle and the brother of Saint Peter.

Apostle Andrew and other true apostles of Jesus wrote gospels.
However the gospel of Andrew and gospels of other apostles are not present in the New Testament. Why these gospels are not present in New Testament? Because of the simple reason – Christian Church declared that these gospels are apocrypha.
Let’s raise a simple question: who has better knowledge about the teachings of Jesus – “the First-called Andrew”, who was together with Jesus from the very first day, or Luke/Mark, who has not seen Jesus alive?

Jesus had twelve apostles. Every apostle wrote his gospel. Thus it should be eleven gospels (twelve apostles minus apostle Jude), however New Testament contains only two gospels written by true apostles of Jesus.
The Decree of Pope Gelasius on Canonical and Noncanonical Books (A.D. 496)
Decretum Gelasianum: De Libris Recipiendis et Non Recipiendis
Migne: PL 59.157-164
Quo a septuaginta episcopis libri sacri et authentici ab apocryphis sunt discreti, sub Gelasio, anno Domini 494 Asterio atque Praesidio consulibus.
Notitia librorum apocryphorum qui non recipiuntur.

In primis Ariminensem synodum a Constantio Caesare Constantini Augusti filio congregatam, mediante Tauro praefecto [al. praetorio] ex tunc et nunc et usque in aeternum confitemur esse damnatam.
Item Itinerarium nomine Petri apostoli, quod appellatur sancti Clementis libri [decem, al. novem], octo, apocryphum.
Actus nomine Andreae apostoli, apocryphi.
Actus nomine Thomae apostoli, libri 10 apocryphi.
Actus nomine Petri apostoli, apocryphi.
Actus nomine Philippi apostoli, apocryphi.
Evangelium nomine Thaddaei, apocryphum.
Evangelium nomine Matthiae, apocryphum.
Evangelium nomine Petri apostoli, apocryphum.
Evangelium nomine Jacobi Minoris, apocryphum.
Evangelium nomine Barnabae, apocryphum.
Evangelium [al. Evangelia] nomine Thomae quo [al. quibus] utuntur Manichaei, apocryphum [al. apocr.].
Evangelium [al. Evangelia] nomine Bartholomaei apostoli, apocryphum [al. apocrypha].
Evangelium nomine Andreae apostoli, apocryphum.
Evangelia quae falsavit Lucianus, apocrypha.
Liber de infantia Salvatoris, apocryphus.
Evangelia quae falsavit Esitius [al. Hesychius et Isicius], apocrypha.
Liber de Nativitate [al. Infantia] Salvatoris, et de Maria et obstetrice [al. addit. ejus], apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Pastoris, apocryphus.
Libri omnes quos fecit Leucius [al. Lucius] discipulus diaboli, apocryphi.
Liber qui appellatur Fundamentum, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Thesaurus, apocryphus.
Liber de filiabus Adae geneseos, apocryphus.
Centimetrum de Christo, Virgilianis compaginatum versibus, apocryphum.
Liber qui appellatur Actus Teclae et Pauli apostoli, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Nepotis, apocryphus.
Liber Proverbiorum qui ab haereticis conscriptus et sancti Sixti [al. Xysti] nomine praenotatus est, apocryphus.
Revelatio quae appellatur Pauli apostoli, apocrypha.
Revelatio quae appellatur Thomae apostoli, apocrypha.
Revelatio quae appellatur S. Stephani, apocrypha.
Liber qui appellatur Transitus, id est Assumptio sanctae Mariae, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Poenitentia Adae, apocryphus.
Liber Ogiae nomine gigantis, qui ab haereticis cum dracone post diluvium pugnasse fingitur, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Testamentum Job, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Poenitentia Origenis, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Poenitentia sancti Cypriani, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Poenitentia Jamnae et Mambrae, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Sortes sanctorum apostolorum, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Laus [al. Lusus] apostolorum, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Canones apostolorum, apocryphus.
Liber Physiologus, qui ab haereticis conscriptus est, et B. Ambrosii nomine signatus [al. praenotatus], apocryphus.
Historia Eusebii Pamphili, apocrypha.
Opuscula Tertulliani, apocrypha.
Opuscula Lactantii [al. Firmiani], apocrypha.
Opuscula Africani, apocrypha.
Opuscula Postumiani et Galli, apocrypha.
Opuscula Montani, Priscillae et Maximillae, apocrypha.
Opuscula omnia Fausti Manichaei, apocrypha.
Opuscula Commodiani, apocrypha.
Opuscula alterius Clementis Alexandrini, apocrypha.
Opuscula Tatii [al. Tharsi seu Tascii] Cypriani, apocrypha.
Opuscula Arnobii, apocrypha.
Opuscula Tychonii, apocrypha.
Opuscula Cassiani [al. Cassionis] presbyteri Galliarum, apocrypha.
Opuscula Victorini Pictaviensis [al. Petabionensis], apocrypha.
Opuscula Fausti Regensis Galliarum, apocrypha.
Opuscula Frumentii Caeci, apocrypha.
Epistola Jesu ad Abagarum [al. Abgarum] regem, apocrypha.
Epistola Abagari [al. Abgari] ad Jesum, apocrypha.
Passio Quirici [al. Cyrici] et Julitae, apocrypha.
Passio Georgii, apocrypha.
Scriptura quae appellatur contradictio [al. interdictio] Salomonis, apocrypha.
Phylacteria omnia, quae non angelorum (ut illi confingunt), sed daemonum magis arte [al. nominibus] conscripta sunt, apocrypha.
CONCILIUM ROMANUM SIVE DECRETUM De libris recipiendis et non recipiendis a Gelasio papa cum episcopis anno circiter 496 habitum.
Christian Resources

Question #1: According to the dogmas of Jehovah’s Witnesses, the author of the New Testament is Satan. How can we trust the book written by Satan?

Chapter #2: Son of God

Jehovah’s Witnesses claim that Jesus is not God.
Jehovah’s Witnesses claim that Jesus is the son of God.
Is Jesus God?
What the bible says
The Bible does not portray Jesus as being Almighty God or equal to God. On the contrary, it clearly teaches that Jesus is inferior to God. For example, the Bible records Jesus’ own words: “The Father is greater than I am.” (John 14:28) The Bible also says: “No man has seen God at any time.” (John 1:18) Jesus cannot be God because many people did in fact see Jesus.
Jesus’ early followers did not claim that he was God. For example, the Gospel writer John said concerning the things he recorded: “These have been written down that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ the Son of God.”—John 20:31.
Awake! December 2013
Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania.
Jesus Never Claimed to Be God
The Bible’s position is clear. Not only is Almighty God, Jehovah, a personality separate from Jesus but He is at all times his superior. Jesus is always presented as separate and lesser, a humble servant of God. That is why the Bible plainly says that “the head of the Christ is God” in the same way that “the head of every man is the Christ.” (1 Corinthians 11:3) And this is why Jesus himself said: “The Father is greater than I.”—John 14:28, RS, Catholic edition.
The fact is that Jesus is not God and never claimed to be.
ti pp. 16-20 Is God Always Superior to Jesus?
Watchtower online library

Let’s analyze this statement more closely.

Question: Who is the son of the elephant? Answer: elephant.
Question: Who is the son of the horse? Answer: horse.
Question: Who is the son of the dog? Answer: dog.
Question: Who is the son of the cat? Answer: cat.
And so on.

Question #2: If the son of the elephant is elephant, and the son of the horse is horse, and the son of the dog is dog, and the son of the cat is cat, then who is the son of God?

Chapter #3: Fulfillment of predictions

“Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania” claimed in its publications that Armageddon will happen in 1878, 1881, 1914, 1918, 1925, 1975, but none of these prophecies came true.
Watch Tower Society unfulfilled predictions

Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society publications have made a series of predictions about Christ's Second Coming and the advent of God's Kingdom, each of which has gone unfulfilled. Almost all the predictions for 1878, 1881, 1914, 1918 and 1925 were later reinterpreted as a confirmation of the eschatological framework of the Bible Student movement and Jehovah's Witnesses, with many of the predicted events viewed as having taken place invisibly. Further expectations were held for the arrival of Armageddon in 1975, but resulted in a later apology to members from the society's leadership.

The God Yahweh/Jehovah said very clearly in the Bible: if the prophecy is not fulfilled then such prophet is a false prophet (Deuteronomy 18:20-22), which means that “Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania” is a false prophet according to the Bible.
20 But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in my name that I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.’
21 And if you say in your heart, ‘How may we know the word that the Lord has not spoken?’—
22 when a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the word does not come to pass or come true, that is a word that the Lord has not spoken; the prophet has spoken it presumptuously. You need not be afraid of him.
Bible. Deuteronomy 18:20-22

Question #3: How can we trust “Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania” if its prophecies were not fulfilled? How can we trust a false prophet?

Chapter #4: United Nations

Dogmas of Jehovah's Witnesses claim that the Satan leads the United Nations (UN), and during the Battle of Armageddon, the Satan will control his army of demons via the United Nations (UN).
11. What is the “scarlet-colored wild beast,” and how is it involved in the outworking of God’s will concerning Babylon the Great?
11 Jehovah will destroy “the great prostitute” by means of “the ten horns” of “a scarlet-colored wild beast.” That figurative wild beast represents the United Nations. The ten horns represent the current political powers supporting that organization. At God’s appointed time, those political powers will turn on symbolic Babylon. They “will make her devastated and naked” by plundering her wealth and exposing her wickedness. (Rev. 17:3, 16) That swift destruction​—as if in one day—​will come as a shock to those who supported her. After all, she has long boasted: “I sit as queen, and I am not a widow, and I will never see mourning.”​—Rev. 18:7, 8.
The Watchtower — Study Edition. September 2019. Study article 36
6. Who or what will carry out the attack against “Babylon the Great”?
6 Who or what will carry out the attack against “Babylon the Great”? A “wild beast” with “ten horns.” The book of Revelation indicates that this wild beast refers to the United Nations (UN). The ten horns represent all present political powers that support this “scarlet-colored wild beast.” (Rev. 17:3, 5, 11, 12) How devastating will the attack be? The nations of the UN will plunder the prostitute’s wealth, devour her, and “completely burn her.”​—Read Revelation 17:16.
kr chap. 21 pp. 222-230God’s Kingdom Removes Its Enemies
Watchtower online library

In February 1992, the Watchtower Society voluntarily joined the United Nations (UN) and remained there until October 2001.’s_Witnesses_and_the_United_Nations
Jehovah's Witnesses' interactions with the United Nations

In February 1992, Jehovah's Witnesses' New York corporation, the Watchtower Society, was granted association as a non-governmental organisation (NGO) of the United Nations Department of Public Information (UN/DPI). The Watchtower Society requested termination of the association in October 2001, and the DPI disassociated the NGO on 9 October after the matter was reported in The Guardian. A UN/DPI letter dated March 4, 2004, states, "The principal purpose of association of non-governmental organizations with the United Nations Department of Public Information is the redissemination of information in order to increase public understanding of the principles, activities and achievements of the United Nations and its Agencies." The letter explained that "[b]y accepting association with DPI, the organization agreed to meet criteria for association, including support and respect of the principles of the Charter of the United Nations and commitment and means to conduct effective information programmes with its constituents and to a broader audience about UN activities." The official site further notes that association with the UN/DPI "does not constitute their incorporation into the United Nations system, nor does it entitle associated organizations or their staff to any kind of privileges, immunities or special status."
Jehovah's Witnesses have appealed to the United Nations Human Rights Committee about sanctions against their members' activities. Between April 2013 and early April 2016, Jehovah's Witnesses submitted 48 appeals to the United Nations Human Rights Committee, complaining that punishments for sharing faith violate the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Watchtower's United Nations Association
In 1992, the Watchtower became an Associate NGO with the United Nations. This was despite spending decades condemning the UN as the scarlet coloured wild beast of Revelation. As a result, many Jehovah's Witnesses severed ties with the Watchtower for what they consider a hypocritical and dishonest chapter of the religion's history.
In 1991, the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York applied to be a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Associate Member of the United Nations Department of Public Information (UN DPI). This is the closest relationship an NGO can form with the United Nations. The application was renewed annually and is a matter of public record.
Watchtower remained an Associate Member until a few days after knowledge of this involvement became public through the release of breaking news in The Guardian on 8th October 2001.
Facts About Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah's Witnesses link to UN queried
The Guardian
By Stephen Bates, religious affairs correspondent
8 October 2001

Question #4: Can we trust the Watchtower Society, which has voluntarily joined the United Nations (UN)?

Chapter #5: The Governing Body
“Who really is the faithful and discreet slave?”

12. Since the Governing Body is neither inspired nor infallible, what questions arise?

12 The Governing Body is neither inspired nor infallible. Therefore, it can err in doctrinal matters or in organizational direction. In fact, the Watch Tower Publications Index includes the heading “Beliefs Clarified,” which lists adjustments in our Scriptural understanding since 1870. Of course, Jesus did not tell us that his faithful slave would produce perfect spiritual food. So how can we answer Jesus’ question: “Who really is the faithful and discreet slave?” (Matt. 24:45) What evidence is there that the Governing Body is filling that role? Let us consider the same three factors that directed the governing body in the first century.
The Watchtower—Study Edition. Page 26
February 2017

Question #5: Can we trust the Governing Body who claims that since February 2017 he is neither inspired nor infallible and who claims that he can make errors?

Chapter #6: Baptism
Watchtower Baptismal Requirements

Prior to 1951
Baptism as a Christian in any religion, provided by full water immersion.
(What Pastor Russell Said pp.35,36)

1955 to 1985
Baptised by Watchtower Representative.
To Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

1985 to 2019
Baptised by Watchtower Representative.
To Father, Son and the spirit-directed Organization
Watchtower 1985 Jun 1 p.30

2019 onwards
Baptised by Watchtower Representative.
To Father and Son.
Announcements and Reminders, May 2019

Changing Baptismal Questions

On the day of baptism, the candidate is required to answer two questions publicly. The following traces these changes.

Baptismal questions from the Watchtower 1944 Feb 1 p.44:

(1) Have you recognized yourself as a sinner and needing salvation from Jehovah God? and have you acknowledged that this salvation proceeds from Him and through his Ransomer Christ Jesus?
(2) On the basis of this faith in God and in his provision for redemption, have you consecrated yourself unreservedly to do the will of God henceforth as that will is revealed to you through Christ Jesus and through God's Word as His holy spirit makes it plain?"

Baptismal questions from the Watchtower 1956 Jul 1 p.407:

(1) Have you recognized yourself before Jehovah God as a sinner who needs salvation, and have you acknowledged to him that this salvation proceeds from him the Father through his Son Jesus Christ?
(2) On the basis of this faith in God and in his provision for salvation, have you dedicated yourself unreservedly to God to do his will henceforth as he reveals it to you through Jesus Christ and through the Bible under the enlightenment of the holy spirit?"

Baptismal questions from the Watchtower 1966 Aug 1 p.465:

(1) Have you recognized yourself before Jehovah God as a sinner who needs salvation, and have you acknowledged to him that this salvation proceeds from him, the Father, through his Son Jesus Christ?
(2) On the basis of this faith in God and in his provision for salvation, have you dedicated yourself unreservedly to God to do his will henceforth as he reveals it to you through Jesus Christ and through the Bible under the enlightening power of the holy spirit?

Baptismal questions from the Watchtower 1970 May 15 p.309:

(1) Have you recognized yourself as a sinner and needing salvation from Jehovah God? And have you acknowledged that this salvation proceeds from him and through his ransomer, Christ Jesus?
(2) On the basis of this faith in God and in his provision for redemption have you dedicated yourself unreservedly to Jehovah God, to do his will henceforth as that will is revealed to you through Christ Jesus and through God's Word as his holy spirit makes it plain?

Baptismal questions from the Watchtower 1973 May 1 p.280:

(1) Have you repented of your sins and turned around, recognizing yourself before Jehovah God as a condemned sinner who needs salvation, and have you acknowledged to him that this salvation proceeds from him, the Father, through his Son Jesus Christ?
(2) On the basis of this faith in God and in his provision for salvation, have you dedicated yourself unreservedly to God to do his will henceforth as he reveals it to you through Jesus Christ and through the Bible under the enlightening power of the holy spirit?

Baptismal questions from the Watchtower 1985 Jun 1 p.30:

(1) On the basis of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, have you repented of your sins and dedicated yourself to Jehovah to do his will?
(2) Do you understand that your dedication and baptism identify you as one of Jehovah's Witnesses in association with God's spirit-directed organization?

Baptismal questions from “Announcements and Reminders” May 2019 (section FOR THE ELDERS ONLY).

3. Baptism Questions: The two baptism questions that are reviewed with candidates at the time of their concluding discussion with the elders and that are included at the end of each baptism talk outline have been changed as follows:
(1) “Have you repented of your sins, dedicated yourself to Jehovah, and accepted his way of salvation through Jesus Christ?”
(2) “Do you understand that your baptism identifies you as one of Jehovah’s Witnesses in association with Jehovah’s organization?”
The new questions will be used starting with the baptism talks at assemblies and conventions beginning the week of May 13, 2019.
Elders should update the two questions on page 209 in their copies of Organized to Do Jehovah’s Will.
Facts About Jehovah's Witnesses

Question #6: Can we trust the organization that (starting from May 2019) is no longer led by the Holy Spirit?

Chapter #7: Sources of income for the Organization

“National Center for Charitable Statistics” publishes public reports about the financial activities of all US-registered tax-exempt organizations, including religious organizations.
Let's take a closer look at the revenue sources of the “Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania”.
Welcome to the National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS) open data platform.
Designed as a portal for nonprofit practitioners, researchers, and policymakers to download and explore data, this is the home for all NCCS publications.
This website aims to “elevate the debate” around nonprofit data by making NCCS code and analysis transparent, reproducible, and accessible to all users.
National Center for Charitable Statistics
The National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS) is a clearing house of data on the U.S. nonprofit sector. The National Center for Charitable Statistics builds national, state, and regional databases and develops standards for reporting on the activities of all tax-exempt organizations.
IRS Business Master Files
Urban Institute, National Center for Charitable Statistics. ([Year]). Internal Revenue Service, Exempt Organizations Business Master File. [Data files].
Henrietta M Riley Trust
33B006006 FBO
Watch Tower Bible
PO Box 75000, Detroit, MI 48275-7874
Tax-Exempt Since Dec. 1970
EIN: 38-6043103
Nonprofit Tax Code Designation: 501(c)(3)
Defined as: Organizations for any of the following purposes: religious, educational, charitable, scientific, literary, testing for public safety, fostering national or international amateur sports competition (as long as it doesn’t provide athletic facilities or equipment), or the prevention of cruelty to children or animals.
Donations to this organization are tax deductible.
Year 2002
Form 990. Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax.
For the 2002 calendar year, or tax year period beginning May 1, 2002 and ending Apr 30, 2003
Page 1
Name of organization:
H. V. Riley TR for Watch Tower Bible

JW Form 990 Year 2002 Page 1

Page 2
What is the organization’s primary exempt purpose?
Support Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society

JW Form 990 Year 2002 Page 2

Page 16
Philip Morris Companies Inc.

JW Form 990 Year 2002 Page 16

Page 23
Cardinal Health

JW Form 990 Year 2002 Page 23
Year 2014
Return of Private Foundation or Section 4947(a)(1) Trust Treated as Private Foundation
For calendar year 2014, or tax year beginning 05- 01-2014 , and ending 04-30-2015
Page 1
Name of foundation:
Riley Henrietta Trustee UW

JW Form 990 Year 2014 Page 1

Page 11
Watch Tower Bible &Tract Soc

JW Form 990 Year 2014 Page 11

Page 25
Boeing Co
General Dynamics
Lockheed Martin
Northrop Grumman

JW Form 990 Year 2014 Page 25
National Center for Charitable Statistics
Altria Group, Inc. (previously known as Philip Morris Companies, Inc.) is an American corporation and one of the world's largest producers and marketers of tobacco, cigarettes and related products. It operates worldwide and is headquartered in Henrico County, Virginia, just outside the city of Richmond.
Altria is the parent company of Philip Morris USA (producer of Marlboro cigarettes), John Middleton, Inc., U.S. Smokeless Tobacco Company, Inc., Philip Morris Capital Corporation, and Chateau Ste. Michelle Wine Estates. Altria also maintains large minority stakes in Belgium-based brewer ABInBev, the Canadian cannabis company Cronos Group, and the e-cigarette maker JUUL Labs. It is a component of the S&P 500 and was a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average from 1985 to 2008, dropping due to spin-offs of Kraft Foods Inc. in 2007 and Philip Morris International in 2008.
Cardinal Health, Inc. is an American multinational health care services company, and the 14th highest revenue generating company in the United States. Its headquarters are based in Dublin, Ohio and Dublin, Ireland (EMEA). The company specializes in distribution of pharmaceuticals and medical products, serving more than 100,000 locations. The company also manufactures medical and surgical products, including gloves, surgical apparel and fluid management products. In addition, it operates the largest network of radiopharmacies in the U.S. Cardinal Health provides medical products to over 75 percent of hospitals in the United States.
Blood Bank Equipment
Plasma Thawing Bath

Product description
This plasma thawer is designed for use in blood banks and laboratories where it is required to thaw up to four units of Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) or Cryoprecipitated AHF or Plasma Frozen within 24 hours after Phlebotomy (PF24) for future infusion into a patient. It offers both controlled temperature and agitation to thaw various volumes of plasma via two independently controlled baskets that accommodate up to two plasma bags per basket. The digital microprocessor control offers rapid temperature recovery and optimal temperature stability to reduce the time required to thaw multiple bags. The easy-to-program user interface allows multiple time options for thawing various-sized bags. Upon completion of a timed cycle, the baskets will automatically raise from the bath. Advanced safety features will notify the user of unsafe conditions and raise the baskets upon alarm activation. Designed to meet FDA standards for safety and performance in plasma thawing. Certified to applicable UL and CSA standards – 60601-1 and 61010-1. Disposable overwrap protection bags (available separately) provide security and protection from contamination. FDA cleared.
Cardinal Health
The Boeing Company (/ˈboʊɪŋ/) is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, telecommunications equipment, and missiles worldwide. The company also provides leasing and product support services. Boeing is among the largest global aerospace manufacturers; it is the fifth-largest defense contractor in the world based on 2017 revenue, and is the largest exporter in the United States by dollar value. Boeing stock is included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average. Boeing is incorporated in Delaware.
General Dynamics Corporation (GD) is an American aerospace and defense corporation. As of 2019, it was the fifth-largest defense contractor in the United States, and the sixth-largest in the world, by sales. The company ranked No. 92 in the 2019 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. It is headquartered in Reston, Fairfax County, Virginia.
Formed in 1954 with the merger of submarine manufacturer Electric Boat and aircraft manufacturer Canadair, it evolved through multiple mergers and divestitures and changed markedly in the post–Cold War era of defense consolidation. General Dynamics' former Fort Worth Division, which manufactured the F-16 Fighting Falcon, was sold to the Lockheed Corporation in 1993, but GD re-entered the airframe business in 1999 with its purchase of business jet manufacturer Gulfstream Aerospace.
Lockheed Martin Corporation is an American global aerospace, defense, security and advanced technologies company with worldwide interests. It was formed by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta in March 1995. It is headquartered in North Bethesda, Maryland, in the Washington, D.C., area. Lockheed Martin employs approximately 100,000 people worldwide as of December 2017.
Lockheed Martin is one of the largest companies in the aerospace, defense, security, and technologies industry. It is the world's largest defense contractor based on revenue for fiscal year 2014. In 2013, 78% of Lockheed Martin's revenues came from military sales; it topped the list of US federal government contractors and received nearly 10% of the funds paid out by the Pentagon. In 2009 US government contracts accounted for $38.4 billion (85%), foreign government contracts $5.8 billion (13%), and commercial and other contracts for $900 million (2%).
Lockheed Martin operates in four business segments: Aeronautics, Missiles and Fire Control, Rotary and Mission Systems, and Space Systems. The company has received the Collier Trophy six times, including in 2001 for being part of developing the X-35/F-35B LiftFan Propulsion System, and most recently in 2006 for leading the team that developed the F-22 Raptor fighter jet. Lockheed Martin is currently developing the F-35 Lightning II and leads the international supply chain, leads the team for the development and implementation of technology solutions for the new USAF Space Fence (AFSSS replacement), and is the primary contractor for the development of the Orion command module. The company also invests in healthcare systems, renewable energy systems, intelligent energy distribution and compact nuclear fusion.
Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an American global aerospace and defense technology company. With over 85,000 employees and an annual revenue in excess of $30 billion, it is one of the world's largest weapons manufacturers and military technology providers. The firm ranks number 118 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list of America's largest corporations.
Northrop Grumman and its industry partners have won the Collier Trophy eight times, most recently for developing the X-47B, the first-ever unmanned, autonomous air system operating from an aircraft carrier. In 2004, Scaled Composites, a subsidiary of Northrop Grumman, won the Collier Trophy for the SpaceShipOne which was successful developed for the first privately financed, built, and flown space vehicle. Northrop Grumman currently leads the development of B-21 Raider, a long-range, stealth strategic bomber capable of delivering conventional and thermonuclear weapons; it will replace Northrop's own B-2 Spirit, the only known stealth bomber in the world.

Question #7: Can we trust the organization that receives income from the production of tobacco, the production of military vehicles (aircraft, missiles, etc.), the production of equipment for blood transfusion, etc.?

Chapter #8: Gravesite of Charles Taze Russell
Charles Taze Russell (February 16, 1852 – October 31, 1916), or Pastor Russell, was an American Christian restorationist minister from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and founder of what is now known as the Bible Student movement. After his death, Jehovah's Witnesses and numerous independent Bible Student groups developed from this base.
He was buried in United Cemetery, Pittsburgh. The gravesite is marked by a headstone; nearby stands a 7-foot-tall (2.1 m) pyramid memorial erected by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society in 1921.

Russell's gravesite
Pyramid memorial near Russell's gravesite in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Russell's gravesite in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Question #8: Can we trust Charles Taze Russell if his grave is with Masonic Pyramid?

Chapter #9: For further reading

Because Jehovah’s Witnesses claim to be Christians, a good page for further reading is:
Errors in theology of Christianity”.

Additionally, below are links to several online portals and books about the errors in theology of Jehovah’s Witnesses.
About JWfacts
JWfacts makes it as simple as possible to determine if Jehovah's Witnesses have “the truth.”
Since its 1879 inception, Watchtower has preached “the End” will be soon, originally predicting it would occur in 1914, then 1925, and “within our twentieth century.” This claim was subsequently adjusted to say the Great Tribulation will be very shortly, culminating in billions of humans being killed at God's war of Armageddon.

This site concentrates on three areas:
With a history of significant errors and changes, can God be directing the Watchtower Society?
Is the Watchtower honest when quoting secular sources and presenting its history?
Are current Watchtower doctrine and practices justified Biblically?
Facts About Jehovah's Witnesses
Raymond Victor Franz (May 8, 1922 – June 2, 2010) was a member of the Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses from October 20, 1971 until his removal on May 22, 1980, and served at the organization's world headquarters for fifteen years, from 1965 until 1980. Franz stated the request for his resignation and his subsequent disfellowshipping resulted from allegations of apostasy. Following his removal, Franz wrote two books that related his personal experiences with the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society and his views on Jehovah's Witnesses teachings.

Franz, Raymond (2002). Crisis of Conscience. Commentary Press. ISBN 0-914675-23-0.
Crisis of Conscience is a biographical book by Raymond Franz, a former member of the Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses, written in 1983, three years after his expulsion from the Jehovah's Witnesses religion. The book is a major study and exposé of the internal workings of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society during the 1960s and 1970s. The book was updated and revised four times, with the final revisions made in 2004. It was translated into Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish and Swedish.
Franz spent 43 years as a Jehovah's Witness, serving as a full-time preacher in the United States and a missionary in Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. In 1965 he became a member of the religion's headquarters staff in Brooklyn, New York, where he was assigned to help research and write the Bible encyclopedia Aid to Bible Understanding and in 1971 appointed as a member of the religion's Governing Body. He left the Governing Body in 1980 after a high-level inquiry was launched into allegations that several headquarters staff including Franz were spreading "wrong teachings". He moved to Alabama where he took up farm laboring work and was expelled from the religion in November 1981 for breaching an edict that Witnesses shun individuals who have formally resigned from the religion.
His expulsion was reported by Time magazine in February 1982. Franz claimed he declined repeated requests over the next two years for further media interviews about the workings of the Watch Tower Society, but in 1983 decided to end his silence after a number of Watchtower articles criticised the motives, character and conduct of former Witnesses who conscientiously disagreed with the organization. One article described dissidents as being "like ... Satan," "independent, faultfinding," "stubborn," "reviling," "haughty," "apostate" and "lawless".
Franz claimed that many Jehovah's Witnesses who choose to leave because they cannot "honestly agree with all the organization's teachings or policies" are subsequently disfellowshipped, or formally expelled, and shunned as "apostates". He wrote that he hoped his book might prompt Witnesses to consider the conscientious stand of defectors with a more open mind. He hoped that a discussion of deliberations and decisions of the Governing Body during his term would illustrate fundamental problems and serious issues within the organization: "They demonstrate the extremes to which 'loyalty to an organization' can lead, how it is that basically kind, well-intentioned persons can be led to make decisions and take actions that are both unkind and unjust, even cruel."
The book provided an abject view of Watch Tower Society leadership and its requirements of members, gave Franz's perspective on failed expectations among the Witness community that Armageddon would take place in 1975 and his views on fundamental Witness teachings on the significance of 1914 and continued expectations of Armageddon. It also gave his account of the events surrounding his expulsion from the religion. Former Witness James Penton, who included the book in the bibliography of his 1985 history of the Witness movement, described the book as "remarkably informative" and "thoroughly documented" and noted it was "written more in a tone of sadness than of anger". English sociologist Andrew Holden described the book as one of the most compelling biographical works on defection from Jehovah's Witnesses.
С 2011 года объединённый проект «Свидетели Иеговы: Некуда Идти» информирует об опасностях от деятельности общества сторожевой башни (США) на территории России и других стран.
Решением верховного суда РФ "Управленческий Центр Свидетелей Иеговы" признан экстремистской организацией

Свидетели Иеговы – международная корпорация, созданная в США. На территории России и Украины получила распространение в 1940-х годах на волне присоединения к СССР западных областей. С начала 2000-х годов происходит отток активных членов Общества Сторожевой Башни (ОСБ). На сегодняшний день в нашей стране более 70 тысяч человек уже покинули его ряды, и чем больше таких людей, тем очевиднее непреложная истина. Руководству ОСБ становится всё труднее убедить людей в том, что их деятельность не представляет никакой опасности, поскольку в основе лежит непререкаемое послушание власти лидерам данной организации.
Свидетели Иеговы: Некуда Идти
Идея создать этот канал появилась спонтанно, т.к. я сам 18 лет будучи Свидетелем Иеговы, думал, что являюсь истинным поклонником Бога. 5.08.2017 года после апелляционного слушания (так это называется у Свидетелей Иеговы) меня исключили из Собрания за отступничество и распространение сектанства. Это верно, что я не мог молчать, видя нечестность и авторитарность этой организации. Одна из целей канала: Достучаться до сердец простодушных и обманутых рядовых членов этой организации (поскольку с учениями ее я знаком очень хорошо) ложными идеями и обещаниями, которые порочат Бога. Основная цель канала: Достичь понимания истины путем обсуждения не только Библии, но и древних исторических письмен. Так как я считаю, что ни одна легенда не может беспочвенно родиться в наших головах, а нам придется все это связать в один "сноп".
sola scriptura
Кризис Совести

Борьба между преданностью Богу и своей религии
Внимательный взгляд на верховный религиозный совет и его власть над человеческими жизнями

Реймонд Франц, в прошлом член Руководящего совета Свидетелей Иеговы
Третье издание, пересмотренное и обновленное
Реймонд Виктор Френц. Кризис Совести

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