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Glossary of Neurocluster Brain Model

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The same identical word may have completely different meanings when this word is used by different people who have different background/profession/religion/age/etc.
Majority of conflicts between people arise due to simple reason: both sides of conflict by default assume different meanings of the same identical word and they don’t even bother to find out what the opponent means when he is using that word. The conflict could be easily resolved if they would ask each other: “what is your definition of the word X?”. But they do not ask each other this simple question and the conflict continues.
In order to avoid such misunderstandings and conflicts, it is the utmost importance to provide the exact definitions of the used terms/words.
Term which is used by the person to describe the phenomenon reveals the level of that person’s comprehension about the phenomenon. The higher level of comprehension enables to forecast and to control manifestation of that phenomenon. As for example, in earlier times people called the lightning as “punishment of God” and people trying to avoid the lightning strike were praying to various Gods, while nowadays people call the lightning as “electric discharge” and use lightning rods to avoid lightning strikes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary
A glossary, also known as a vocabulary or clavis, is an alphabetical list of terms in a particular domain of knowledge with the definitions for those terms. Traditionally, a glossary appears at the end of a book and includes terms within that book that are either newly introduced, uncommon, or specialized. While glossaries are most commonly associated with non-fiction books, in some cases, fiction novels may come with a glossary for unfamiliar terms.
A bilingual glossary is a list of terms in one language defined in a second language or glossed by synonyms (or at least near-synonyms) in another language.
In a general sense, a glossary contains explanations of concepts relevant to a certain field of study or action. In this sense, the term is related to the notion of ontology. Automatic methods have been also provided that transform a glossary into an ontology or a computational lexicon.

Core glossary
A core glossary is a simple glossary or defining dictionary that enables definition of other concepts, especially for newcomers to a language or field of study. It contains a small working vocabulary and definitions for important or frequently encountered concepts, usually including idioms or metaphors useful in a culture.
Wikipedia

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Actuator: a component of machine that is responsible for moving or controlling a mechanism or system.
An actuator requires a control signal and source of energy. The control signal is relatively low energy and may be electric voltage or current, pneumatic or hydraulic pressure, or even human power. The supplied main energy source may be electric current, hydraulic fluid pressure, or pneumatic pressure. When the control signal is received, the actuator responds by converting the energy into mechanical motion.
An actuator is the mechanism by which a control system acts upon an environment. The control system can be simple (a fixed mechanical or electronic system), software-based (e.g. a printer driver, robot control system), a human, or any other input.

Autonomous neurocluster: neurocluster which have no access at all or which have only short duration and limited access to actuators.
An actuator is a component of machine that is responsible for moving or controlling a mechanism or system.
In the human body the actuators are: hands, feet, tongue, etc.
I.e., the neurocluster which most of the time has the access to the control of hands, feet, tongue, etc – such neurocluster is called the “main personality”.
Other neuroclusters which do not have access to the control of hands, feet, tongue, etc – such neuroclusters are called “autonomous neuroclusters”.

Cluster: a group or bunch of several homogeneous elements, which can be considered as a separate unit, which has certain properties. As for example, in physics cluster can be a small group of atoms or molecules, in astrophysics there are star clusters consisting of stars, and galaxy clusters consisting of galaxies, and so on. The same physical element can be assigned to different unrelated logical clusters. As for example, in human population we can divide the people in clusters using different criteria – as for example, we can divide people by their religion and we will get cluster of Christians, cluster of Muslims, cluster of Buddhists and so on, however we can divide the same exact population by the favorite color which a man likes and we will get cluster of people who like red color, cluster of people who like blue color, cluster of people who like green color and so on. It is obvious that the same exact man will get into absolutely different clusters when filtered out by religion and when filtered out by his favorite color. There will be many Christians, Muslims and Buddhists who like red color, there will be many Christians, Muslims and Buddhists who like blue color, and so on. In exactly the same fashion the neurons in the brain can be grouped into different logical clusters. The neurons can be grouped into the same cluster by the color to which these neurons respond, the neurons can be grouped into the same cluster by the same orientation visual bar stimulus to which these neurons respond, and so on.
Important notice: when we use the term “neurocluster” (cluster of neurons) in the context of Neurocluster Brain Model – the default meaning is “egregoric neurocluster”, i.e. neurocluster which stores information about the egregor (object X model).

Consciousness: the term used in psychology and psychiatry. Please read the detailed article which explains why “the term “consciousness” does not meet the scientific criteria”.

Egregor X is the same identical object X model which is multiplied and written into the brains of two or more individuals.
Egregor is the equivalent of the computer program and has many features of computer program (it can be copied, overwritten, deleted, etc), however there are some differences from computer program.
As for example egregor has a feature called “the strength of egregor”.
The strength of egregor increases when increases the number of people who have the same object X model written in their brains. The bigger the number of people who are the carriers of egregor – the stronger the egregor.
The term “egregor” has roughly equivalent meaning as the word “meme” which is used by evolutionary biologists.

Good and evil: differentiation of “good” and “evil” is based on the goal which is set, in other words, the terms “good” and “evil” are derivative/secondary.
Everything which helps to achieve the desired goal is labeled as “good/right”, and everything which hinders achieving the desired goal is labeled as “evil/ wrong”.
When the goal is changed then this automatically rearranges all labels of “good” and “evil” – “good” might turn into “evil” and vice versa.
We will illustrate this principle with several examples.
The primary goal of every religion is the absolute obedience to the religious founder/leader.
When the religious founder/leader commands you to do something – then obedience to that command by definition is considered as “good”, and any disobedience to religious founder/leader is considered as “evil”.
As for example, when the religious leader commands you to kill your brothers/companions/neighbors then religious adepts consider that as “good/right” (Exodus 32:25-29), when the religious leader commands you to confiscate/steal a donkey then religious adepts consider that as “good/right” (John 12:14-16, Luke 19:28-38, Matthew 21:1-7, Mark 11:1-7), and so on.

I (a.k.a. “spirit”, “soul”, “consciousness”, etc): the software which runs on neural-network-hardware (i.e. on neurons of the brain). The neurocluster which most of the time has the access to actuators (i.e. neurocluster which most of the time acts upon an environment using actuators) is called the “main personality”. Neuroclusters which have no access at all or which have only short duration access to actuators – such neuroclusters are called “autonomous neuroclusters”.

Intelligent agent: an autonomous entity which observes through sensors and acts upon an environment using actuators (i.e. it is an agent) and directs its activity towards achieving goals (i.e. it is rational). Intelligent agents may also learn or use knowledge to achieve their goals. They may be very simple or very complex: a reflex machine such as a thermostat is an intelligent agent, as is a human being, as is a community of human beings working together towards a goal.

Intuition: the flow of information from autonomous neuroclusters to the main personality.
The level of intuition is a measure of how much the main personality does not have the control over neuroclusters inside the brain.
If main personality has 100% control over all neuroclusters in the brain then intuition is equal to 0%.
If main personality has 0% control over all neuroclusters in the brain then intuition is equal to 100%.
If main personality has 50% control over all neuroclusters in the brain then intuition is equal to 50%.
And so on.

Main personality: the neurocluster which most of the time has the access to actuators (i.e. neurocluster which most of the time acts upon an environment using actuators).
In the human body the actuators are: hands, feet, tongue, etc.
I.e., the neurocluster which most of the time has the access to the control of hands, feet, tongue, etc – such neurocluster is called the “main personality”.
Other neuroclusters which do not have access to the control of hands, feet, tongue, etc – such neuroclusters are called “autonomous neuroclusters”.
Neuroclusters which have no access at all or which have only short duration and limited access to actuators – such neuroclusters are called “autonomous neuroclusters”.

Neurocluster: the piece of the brain, the cluster of neurons composed of finite number of neurons which store information about object's model (how the object looks, how the object moves, how the object behaves, etc).
Important notice: when we use the term “neurocluster” (cluster of neurons) in the context of Neurocluster Brain Model – the default meaning is “egregoric neurocluster”, i.e. neurocluster which stores information about the egregor (object X model).

Religious adept: a man who believes in religious dogma.

Religious dogma: a claim which does not meet the scientific criteria, a claim which has no experimental evidence.

Science is what you can observe and on which you can carry out reproducible experiments – everything that meets these criteria is the science; and everything that does not meet these criteria – is not the science. The article “What is science and what isn't science?” contains more detailed instructions about how to distinguish science from pseudoscience.

Sleeping of a neurocluster (i.e. intelligent agent or personality) occurs when:
1) neurocluster’s control commands cease to reach the actuators (i.e. hands, feet, tongue, etc), and the neurocluster no longer has the ability to control the actuators (i.e. hands, feet, tongue, etc);
and/or
2) signals from sensors (i.e. from eyes, ears, etc) cease to reach the neurocluster, and the neurocluster no longer is able to receive data about the surrounding physical world.

Subconscious: the array of autonomous neuroclusters which are insubordinate to the main personality.

Supestition: the belief in the false cause-effect relationship. For example, if you spit over your shoulder, this will protect you from disaster, etc.
If the time delay is short between the cause and effect, then the animal can easily understand the cause-effect relationship.
However, if the time delay between the cause and effect takes longer (than a certain threshold), then the animal is unable to understand the true cause-effect relationship between two events and animal wrongly decides that some irrelevant event supposedly caused the desired effect.
American psychologist Burrhus Frederic Skinner demonstrated this biological principle in his experiments with pigeons. These experiments got the name “superstition in the pigeon”.
The same biological principle is valid for people too. All religions are based on the same biological principle.
Religious adepts believe that certain actions (worship/sacrifice to the Gods, etc) allegedly cause the desired results (healing the diseases, etc), while in reality the cause-effect relationships are completely different from those that are mistakenly believed by religious adepts.


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