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|A brownie/brounie or urisk
(Lowland Scots) or brùnaidh, ùruisg, or
gruagach (Scottish Gaelic) is a legendary creature popular in folklore
around Scotland and England (especially the north, though more commonly
hobs have this role). It is the Scottish and Northern English
counterpart of the Scandinavian tomte, the Slavic domovoi and the
In folklore, a brownie resembles the hob, similar to a hobgoblin. Brownies are said to inhabit houses and aid in tasks around the house. However, they do not like to be seen and will only work at night, traditionally in exchange for small gifts of food. Among food, they especially enjoy porridge and honey. They usually abandon the house if their gifts are called payments, or if the owners of the house misuse them. Brownies make their homes in an unused part of the house, often in attics and holes in walls.
|A domovoi or domovoy (Russian:
домово́й; IPA: [dəmɐˈvoj]; literally,
"[he] from the house") is a protective house spirit in Slavic folklore
The domovoi is seen as the home's guardian, and if he is kept happy he maintains peace and order and rewards the household by helping with household chores and field work. To stay in his good graces, his family leaves him gifts such as milk, porridge, tobacco, bread, and salt.
If angered by the family's slovenliness, disrespect, or abuse, the domovoi acts in a way resembling a poltergeist but is rarely harmful. The Russian word barabashka (Russian: бараба́шка; "knocker, pounder") is a pejorative term sometimes used to describe domovye in connection with this poltergeist-like activity. If he becomes irretrievably offended he abandons the family.
Main name variations:
● Damavik/Domovik Belarusian: Дамавiк, Ukrainian: Домовик, Polish: Domowik, Slovak: Domovik Bulgarian: Домовик
● Domachi Serbian: Домаћи, Croatian: Domaći, Bosnian: Domaći
● Domovoi Russian: Домовой (domovoi), Polish: Domowoj Slovene: Domovoj Bosnian: Domovoj
● Kudava Erzya: "house mother"
● Mayas gars Latvian: Mājas gars "house spirit"
● Mayas kungs Latvian: Mājas kungs "house master," tutelary spirit, lar.
● Pudzis angelozi Georgian ფუძის ანგელოზი "foundational angel"
Very often mythological stories have real prototypes in real life.
Medical reports show that approximately 18 percent of the population is prone to sleepwalking, however only 1 percent of the population experiences sleepwalking events regularly.
It is obvious that from the earliest times people were faced with the phenomenon of sleepwalking.
However, due to the lack of knowledge about the physiological mechanisms of the brain, the cases of sleepwalking were mystified and resulted in mythological stories about brownies, goblins, domovois, fiery serpents, etc.
Almost all nations of the world have mythological tales about brownies (domovois), just the name of the “brownie” (“domovoi”) is different across different nations of the world.
However, all these mythological stories have one common property – they all perfectly match the criteria of sleepwalking.
When sleepwalker performs any household chores action (washing dishes, peeling potatoes, etc) “folk wisdom” believes that it was accomplished by the “brownie”.
For some movies about sleepwalking please click here.
Properties of the “brownie” perfectly mach the criteria of the sleepwalker – “folk wisdom” claims that:
1) You cannot get rid of the “brownie”. When the owner moves to the new location, the “brownie” moves together with the owner (because after the man has moved to the new location, he still continues to suffer from sleepwalking);
2) “Brownie” drinks milk, eats candy (in reality, however, the sleepwalker drank milk and ate the candy himself during the sleepwalking incident, but the sleepwalker does not remember that after waking up);
3) You can check whether the brownie lives in your house in the following way – leave the candy on the table, and check next morning whether the candy has disappeared or not. Because the intellectual level of the brownie (i.e. of the sleepwalker) is very low, it is best to unwrap the candy and place it on the table without the wrapper in clearly visible place, because the removal of the wrapper from the candy might be too complicated task for the brownie (i.e. sleepwalker);
4) “Brownie” likes to play with the cards/toys, and in the morning you find cards/toys scattered around or they disappear (in reality, however, the sleepwalker himself scattered around these cards/toys during the sleepwalking incident, but the sleepwalker does not remember that after waking up);
5) When the sleepwalker leaves his house and goes to the neighbor’s house, and steals various objects from neighbor’s house (gold/silver, jewelry, banknotes, firewood, grain, apples, etc) and brings all of these stolen goods in his home, the “folk wisdom” claims that the “brownie/fiery serpent/Aitvaras/Křet/Skrat/Paleček/ etc” has brought these items to his the owner;
6) and so on.
When after waking up the man finds that some objects in his home are misplaced in unusual places or some food was eaten, in order to remain sanity a man needs to have model of the world which would explain what is happening around him – and this the reason why mythological stories about brownies/domovois/fiery serpents/etc were invented.
Over time, these stories about brownies were supplemented with claims out of thin air (claiming that the brownie is of such and such height, such and such color, such and such age, etc) – this is mechanism how mythological stories about the brownies have arisen.
What is the underlying mechanism of the sleepwalking? It is very simple. During the sleep the main personality of a man falls asleep and during that time the autonomic neurocluster takes over the control of the human body and initiates actions. When the main personality wakes up he can not remember what was happening during the sleepwalking because all events had happened without his knowledge.
More detailed description is at “Neurocluster Brain Model” site.
|Где живет домовой невероятные
Продолжительность: 2 минуты (начиная со 1-й минуты 8 секунд, кончая 3-й минутой 47 секунд). Общая продолжительность: 4 минуты
Домовой – что нам о них известно? Где живут домовые, как подружиться с домовым.
|Домовой. Как проверить есть ли
Продолжительность: 1 минута (начиная со 1-й минуты 10 секунд, кончая 1-й минутой 34 секунды). Общая продолжительность: 3 минуты
Домовой – это мифический «хозяин», покровитель дома, следящий за благополучием в семье. Считается, что раньше домовой жил в каждой избе. Сейчас же жителей многоквартирных домов интересует, есть ли и в их жилищах дух-защитник. Это несложно проверить.
|Как подружиться с домовым?
Продолжительность: 1 минута (начиная со 44 секунд, кончая 1-й минутой 47 секунд). Общая продолжительность: 4 минуты
У вас стали пропадать вещи, а потом появляться в неожиданных местах? Вы точно помните, что положили ключи на комод, а найти никак не можете? История, знакомая многим. Возможно, это происки домового.
Чтобы в доме все лежало на своих местах, был порядок и уют, подружитесь с домовым. Ведь он первый помощник по дому. Во время отъезда за порядком присмотрит, чтобы соседи не затопили и техника не поломалась.
|Embedding disabled by request. Please watch on youtube.|
|Мифическое существо | Домовой
Продолжительность: 1 минута (начиная со 2-й минуты 37 секунд, кончая 3-й минутой 14 секунд). Общая продолжительность: 4 минуты