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Errors in theology of Christianity

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To read about some contradictions in the Bible please click here.
To read about some contradictions in the Quran please click here.
To read about some contradictions and errors in theology of the Holy Spirit please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Judaism please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Islam please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Hinduism please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of ISKCON (a.k.a. Hare Krishna movement or Hare Krishnas) please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Urantia Book please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of Трехлебов Алексей Васильевич (Ведаман Ведагор) (in Russian) please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of КОБ (Концепция Общественной Безопасности) (in Russian) please click here.
To read about some errors in theology of various cults please click here.


Christians claim that the Christian religion is true, because there are more than 2 billion Christians in the world, and it is impossible that 2 billion people could be wrong.
When debating with the Christian remind him that there are 2 billion Muslims in the world, and then ask a Christian the question: can 2 billion people be wrong? Is there any possibility that 2 billion people could be wrong? This elementary simple question puts a Christian in deadlock.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argumentum_ad_populum
In argumentation theory, an argumentum ad populum (Latin for "appeal to the people") is a fallacious argument that concludes that a proposition is true because many or most people believe it: "If many believe so, it is so."
This type of argument is known by several names, including appeal to the masses, appeal to belief, appeal to the majority, appeal to democracy, appeal to popularity, argument by consensus, consensus fallacy, authority of the many, bandwagon fallacy, vox populi, and in Latin as argumentum ad numerum ("appeal to the number"), fickle crowd syndrome, and consensus gentium ("agreement of the clans"). It is also the basis of a number of social phenomena, including communal reinforcement and the bandwagon effect. The Chinese proverb "three men make a tiger" concerns the same idea.
Wikipedia

In Christianity there are more than 41 thousand of Christian denominations and each of them believes in different dogmas.

http://www.pewforum.org/2011/12/19/global-christianity-exec/
Global Christianity – A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Christian Population
December 19, 2011
http://www.pewforum.org/files/2011/12/ChristianityAppendixB.pdf
http://www.pewforum.org/files/2011/12/Christianity-fullreport-web.pdf
In many countries, censuses and demographic surveys do not include the detailed denominational affiliation and religious self-identification measures necessary for determining the size of global movements within Christianity (such as evangelicalism, pentecostalism and the charismatic movement). The figures on Christian movements in this report were commissioned by the Pew Forum from the Center for the Study of Global Christianity (CSGC) at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in South Hamilton, Mass. CSGC researchers generated their estimates based in large part on figures provided by Christian denominations and organizations around the world. CSGC has obtained denominational membership information from about 41,000 organizations worldwide.
Appendix B: Methodology for Estimating Christian Movements, "Global Christianity: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Christian Population", The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, December 19, 2011.

It is interesting to note that there are several denominations of Christians whose dogmas claim the Jesus is not the God – as for example, Jehovah's Witnesses claim that Jesus is not the God.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nontrinitarianism
Nontrinitarianism (or antitrinitarianism) refers to monotheistic belief systems, primarily within Christianity, which reject or disavow the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, namely, the teaching that God is three distinct hypostases or persons and yet co-eternal, co-equal, and indivisibly united in one essence or ousia.
Modern nontrinitarian Christian groups or denominations include Christadelphians, Christian Scientists, Dawn Bible Students, Friends General Conference, Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), La Luz del Mundo, Living Church of God, Oneness Pentecostals, Unitarian Universalist Christians and the United Church of God.
Wikipedia

http://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2009083
Is Jesus Almighty God?
<...>
Jesus claimed to be the Son of God, not Almighty God. If Jesus were God, to whom was he praying while here on earth? (Matthew 14:23; 26:26-29) Surely Jesus was not just pretending to talk to someone else!
Watch Tower Online Library. Jehovah's Witnesses Official Web Site

http://www.jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/is-jesus-almighty/
Is Jesus Almighty God?
The Bible’s answer
Jesus’ opposers accused him of making himself equal to God. (John 5:18; 10:30-33) However, Jesus never claimed to be on the same level as Almighty God. He said: “The Father is greater than I am.” — John 14:28.
Jesus’ early followers did not view him as being equal to Almighty God. For example, the apostle Paul wrote that after Jesus was resurrected, God “exalted him [Jesus] to a superior position.” Obviously, Paul did not believe that Jesus was Almighty God. Otherwise, how could God exalt Jesus to a superior position? — Philippians 2:9.
Watch Tower Online Library. Jehovah's Witnesses Official Web Site

However all Christian denominations share one common ground – they all claim that “New Testament” is holy and has no error. So let’s have a closer look at the text of “New Testament”.
All the material about Christian theology below is divided into small logical chapters and each chapter ends with a question which you should ask a Christian during the debate about Christianity.



Chapter #1: Prophecies of Jesus

Christians claim that all biblical prophecies were fulfilled or will be fulfilled in future. So let’s a have a closer look at the prophecies of New Testament.
In Matthew 24:1-34 (and also in Mark 13:24-31, Mark 9:1, Luke 9:23-27) Jesus makes prophecies that: 1) the Second Coming of Jesus, 2) “End of the World”, and 3) Judgment Day are going to happen within the lifetime of people then living in that area (“this generation will not pass away until all these things take place”).
However all theses prophecies of Jesus have failed – the generation of Jesus have all died out without ever seeing the fulfillment of prophecies of Jesus.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+24&version=ESV
1 Jesus left the temple and was going away, when his disciples came to point out to him the buildings of the temple.
2 But he answered them, “You see all these, do you not? Truly, I say to you, there will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.”
3 As he sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?”
4 And Jesus answered them, “See that no one leads you astray.
<....>
27 For as the lightning comes from the east and shines as far as the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
28 Wherever the corpse is, there the vultures will gather.
29 “Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken.
30 Then will appear in heaven the sign of the Son of Man, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
31 And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
32 “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near.
33 So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates.
34 Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place.
35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.
Bible. Matthew 24:1-35
 
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+13&version=ESV
24 “But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light,
25 and the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken.
26 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory.
27 And then he will send out the angels and gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.
28 “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near.
29 So also, when you see these things taking place, you know that he is near, at the very gates.
30 Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place.
31 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.
32 “But concerning that day or that hour, no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.
Bible. Mark 13:24-32

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+9&version=ESV
1 And he said to them, “Truly, I say to you, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God after it has come with power.”
Bible. Mark 9:1

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+9&version=ESV
23 And he said to all, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me.
24 For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it.
25 For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself?
26 For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels.
27 But I tell you truly, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God.”
Bible. Luke 9:23-27

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+10&version=ESV
5 These twelve Jesus sent out, instructing them, “Go nowhere among the Gentiles and enter no town of the Samaritans,
<...>
14 And if anyone will not receive you or listen to your words, shake off the dust from your feet when you leave that house or town.
15 Truly, I say to you, it will be more bearable on the day of judgment for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that town.
Bible. Matthew 10:5-15

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+10&version=ESV
1 After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go.
2 And he said to them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few. Therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest.
<...>
10 But whenever you enter a town and they do not receive you, go into its streets and say,
11 ‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near.’
12 I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town.
Bible. Luke 10:1-12

The God Yahweh/Jehovah said very clearly in the Bible: if the prophecy is not fulfilled then such prophet is a false prophet (Deuteronomy 18:20-22), which means that Jesus is a false prophet according to the Bible.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Deuteronomy+18&version=ESV
20 But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in my name that I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.’
21 And if you say in your heart, ‘How may we know the word that the Lord has not spoken?’—
22 when a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the word does not come to pass or come true, that is a word that the Lord has not spoken; the prophet has spoken it presumptuously. You need not be afraid of him.
Bible. Deuteronomy 18:20-22

Question #1: How can we trust Jesus if the prophecies of Jesus were not fulfilled? How can we trust a false prophet?



Chapter #2: Miracles of Jesus and the divinity of Jesus

Christians claim that the proof of Jesus divinity is the fact that Jesus performed miracles. Let’s analyze this claim more detailed.
We will remind that Moses had performed miracles just like Jesus.
Question: is Moses considered to be God?
No, Moses is not God.
Many biblical prophets performed miracles too.
Question: are these biblical prophets considered to be Gods?
No, these biblical prophets are not Gods.
Many shamans and black magicians can do miracles too.
Question: are these shamans and black magicians considered to be Gods?
No, these shamans and black magicians are not Gods.
Even the Satan himself can do the miracles.
Below are several episodes from the Bible which clearly state that performance of miracles is the proof of demonic possession.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+7&version=ESV
22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same by their secret arts. So Pharaoh's heart remained hardened, and he would not listen to them, as the Lord had said.
Bible. Exodus 7:22

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+Thessalonians+2&version=ESV
9 The coming of the lawless one is by the activity of Satan with all power and false signs and wonders,
10 and with all wicked deception for those who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved.
Bible. 2 Thessalonians 2:9-10

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+24&version=ESV
24 For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect.
25 See, I have told you beforehand.
Bible. Matthew 24:24-25

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+13&version=ESV
11 Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon.
12 It exercises all the authority of the first beast in its presence, and makes the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast, whose mortal wound was healed.
13 It performs great signs, even making fire come down from heaven to earth in front of people,
14 and by the signs that it is allowed to work in the presence of the beast it deceives those who dwell on earth, telling them to make an image for the beast that was wounded by the sword and yet lived.
Bible. Revelation 13:11-14

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+19&version=ESV
20 And the beast was captured, and with it the false prophet who in its presence had done the signs by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped its image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur.
Bible. Revelation 19:20

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+Corinthians+11&version=ESV
13 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.
14 And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.
Bible. 2 Corinthians 11:13-14

Question #2: Performance of miracles is not the proof of divinity, isn’t it?(nota bene: this question is not applicable to nontrinitarian Christian groups, like for example Jehovah's Witnesses, who do not believe that Jesus is God.)



Chapter #3: Moral values of the Church headed by the apostles of Jesus

Jesus told to his apostles that they must heal people and they must not take any money.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+10&version=ESV
2 The names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;
4 Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
5 These twelve Jesus sent out, instructing them, “Go nowhere among the Gentiles and enter no town of the Samaritans,
6 but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
7 And proclaim as you go, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’
8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons. You received without paying; give without pay.
9 Acquire no gold or silver or copper for your belts,
10 no bag for your journey, or two tunics or sandals or a staff, for the laborer deserves his food.
Bible. Matthew 10:2-10

However let’s look more closely how apostles behave after the crucifiction of Jesus.
Apostle Paul maims a man by making him blind (Acts 13:9-10).

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+13&version=ESV
9 But Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked intently at him
10 and said, “You son of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness, full of all deceit and villainy, will you not stop making crooked the straight paths of the Lord?
11 And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon you, and you will be blind and unable to see the sun for a time.” Immediately mist and darkness fell upon him, and he went about seeking people to lead him by the hand.
Bible. Acts 13:9-10

Apostle Peter together with other apostles extort money and property from the people and kill people who do not give all their money (Acts 4:32-37; 5:1-11).
The extortions and killings done by apostles spread great fear and terror upon the whole population (Acts 5:11).

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+4&version=ESV
32 Now the full number of those who believed were of one heart and soul, and no one said that any of the things that belonged to him was his own, but they had everything in common.
33 And with great power the apostles were giving their testimony to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and great grace was upon them all.
34 There was not a needy person among them, for as many as were owners of lands or houses sold them and brought the proceeds of what was sold
35 and laid it at the apostles' feet, and it was distributed to each as any had need.
36 Thus Joseph, who was also called by the apostles Barnabas (which means son of encouragement), a Levite, a native of Cyprus,
37 sold a field that belonged to him and brought the money and laid it at the apostles' feet.
Bible. Acts 4:32-37
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+5&version=ESV
1 But a man named Ananias, with his wife Sapphira, sold a piece of property,
2 and with his wife's knowledge he kept back for himself some of the proceeds and brought only a part of it and laid it at the apostles' feet.
3 But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the proceeds of the land?
4 While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your disposal? Why is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to man but to God.”
5 When Ananias heard these words, he fell down and breathed his last. And great fear came upon all who heard of it.
6 The young men rose and wrapped him up and carried him out and buried him.
7 After an interval of about three hours his wife came in, not knowing what had happened.
8 And Peter said to her, “Tell me whether you sold the land for so much.” And she said, “Yes, for so much.”
9 But Peter said to her, “How is it that you have agreed together to test the Spirit of the Lord? Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out.”
10 Immediately she fell down at his feet and breathed her last. When the young men came in they found her dead, and they carried her out and buried her beside her husband.
11 And great fear came upon the whole church and upon all who heard of these things.
Bible. Acts 5:1-11

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extortion
Extortion (also called shakedown, outwresting, and exaction) is a criminal offense of obtaining money, property, or services from a person, entity, or institution, through coercion. Refraining from doing harm is sometimes euphemistically called protection. Extortion is commonly practiced by organized crime groups. The actual obtainment of money or property is not required to commit the offense. Making a threat of violence which refers to a requirement of a payment of money or property to halt future violence is sufficient to commit the offense. Exaction refers not only to extortion or the unlawful demanding and obtaining of something through force, but additionally, in its formal definition, means the infliction of something such as pain and suffering or making somebody endure something unpleasant.
Extortion is distinguished from robbery. In robbery, whether armed or not, the offender takes property from the victim by the immediate use of force or fear that force will be immediately used (as in the classic line, "Your money or your life.") Extortion, which is not limited to the taking of property, involves the verbal or written instillation of fear that something will happen to the victim if they do not comply with the extortionist's will. Another key distinction is that extortion always involves a verbal or written threat, whereas robbery does not. In United States federal law, extortion can be committed with or without the use of force and with or without the use of a weapon.
In blackmail, which always involves extortion, the extortionist threatens to reveal information about a victim or their family members that is potentially embarrassing, socially damaging, or incriminating unless a demand for money, property, or services is met.
The term extortion is often used metaphorically to refer to usury or to price-gouging, though neither is legally considered extortion. It is also often used loosely to refer to everyday situations where one person feels indebted against their will, to another, in order to receive an essential service or avoid legal consequences.
Neither extortion nor blackmail require a threat of a criminal act, such as violence, merely a threat used to elicit actions, money, or property from the object of the extortion. Such threats include the filing of reports (true or not) of criminal behavior to the police, revelation of damaging facts (such as pictures of the object of the extortion in a compromising position), etc.
Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrorism
In the international community, terrorism has no legally binding, criminal law definition. Common definitions of terrorism refer only to those violent acts that are intended to create fear (terror); are perpetrated for a religious, political, or ideological goal; and deliberately target or disregard the safety of non-combatants (e.g., neutral military personnel or civilians). 
Wikipedia


Question #3: What are the moral values of organization which terrorize and kill people and which extort money and property from a people through coercion?



Chapter #4: Holy Spirit vs. Satan-Spirit

In modern totalitarian cults the adepts are maimed and killed in the name of the Holy Spirit and the money is extorted from the adepts. New Testament describes how apostles Paul and Peter maimed people and extorted money and property from the people and killed people who do not give all their money (Acts 13:9-11 and Acts 4:32-37; 5:1-11) and these extortions and killings were done in the name of the Holy spirit.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peoples_Temple
The People's Temple of the Disciples of Christ, commonly shortened to Peoples Temple, was a New Religious Movement founded in 1955 by Jim Jones. By the mid-1970s it included over a dozen locations in California including its headquarters in San Francisco.
It is best known for the events of November 18, 1978, in Guyana, in which 920 people died at the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project (informally, and now commonly, called "Jonestown") and nearby airstrip at Port Kaituma, and Georgetown in an organized mass murder/suicide. The mass suicide and killings at Jonestown resulted in the greatest single loss of American civilian life in a deliberate act prior to the events of September 11, 2001. Casualties at the airstrip included, among others, US Congressman Leo Ryan.
Wikipedia


Question #4: Please list the differences between actions of apostle Peter and modern totalitarian cults. Both of them extort money and kill people in the name of the Holy Spirit. Please list the criteria used to distinguish the Holy Spirit from the Satan-Spirit. Please list the differences between the Holy Spirit and the Satan-Spirit.



Chapter #5: Paul the Apostle

Gospel of Matthew lists twelve names of apostles of Jesus.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+10&version=ESV
2 The names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;
4 Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
Bible. Matthew 10:2-4


However the name “Paul” is not present in this list.
How and when Paul had become the apostle? Let’s have a closer look what Paul himself tells about that in New Testament.
In Acts of New Testament Paul tells us his biography where Paul presents himself as a fierce Pharisee.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+23&version=ESV
6 Now when Paul perceived that one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, “Brothers, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees. It is with respect to the hope and the resurrection of the dead that I am on trial.” 
Bible. Acts 23:6

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+26&version=ESV
1 So Agrippa said to Paul, “You have permission to speak for yourself.” Then Paul stretched out his hand and made his defense:
2 “I consider myself fortunate that it is before you, King Agrippa, I am going to make my defense today against all the accusations of the Jews,
3 especially because you are familiar with all the customs and controversies of the Jews. Therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently.
4 “My manner of life from my youth, spent from the beginning among my own nation and in Jerusalem, is known by all the Jews.
5 They have known for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that according to the strictest party of our religion I have lived as a Pharisee.
Bible. Acts 26:1-5


Pharisees were priests of Judaism.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharisees
The Pharisees (/ˈfærəˌsiːz/) were at various times a political party, a social movement, and a school of thought in the Holy Land during the Second Temple period, beginning under the Hasmonean dynasty (140–37 BCE) in the wake of the Maccabean Revolt. After the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, Pharisaic beliefs became the liturgical and ritualistic basis for Rabbinic Judaism (commonly known as simply Judaism).
Wikipedia


Pharisees were the main target and the main enemies of Jesus.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+23&version=ESV
1 Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples,
2 “The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses' seat,
3 so do and observe whatever they tell you, but not the works they do. For they preach, but do not practice.
4 They tie up heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on people's shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to move them with their finger.
5 They do all their deeds to be seen by others. For they make their phylacteries broad and their fringes long,
6 and they love the place of honor at feasts and the best seats in the synagogues
7 and greetings in the marketplaces and being called rabbi by others.
8 But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all brothers.
<...>
13 “But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the kingdom of heaven in people's faces. For you neither enter yourselves nor allow those who would enter to go in.
15 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel across sea and land to make a single proselyte, and when he becomes a proselyte, you make him twice as much a child of hell as yourselves.
16 “Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘If anyone swears by the temple, it is nothing, but if anyone swears by the gold of the temple, he is bound by his oath.’
17 You blind fools! For which is greater, the gold or the temple that has made the gold sacred?
18 And you say, ‘If anyone swears by the altar, it is nothing, but if anyone swears by the gift that is on the altar, he is bound by his oath.’
19 You blind men! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift sacred?
20 So whoever swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it.
21 And whoever swears by the temple swears by it and by him who dwells in it.
22 And whoever swears by heaven swears by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it.
23 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cumin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others.
24 You blind guides, straining out a gnat and swallowing a camel!
25 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and the plate, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence.
26 You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and the plate, that the outside also may be clean.
Bible. Matthew 23:1-8, 23:13-26

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+12&version=ESV
38 And in his teaching he said, “Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes and like greetings in the marketplaces
39 and have the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts,
40 who devour widows' houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.”
Bible. Mark 12:38-40


Pharisee Saul-Paul himself tells that he had been prosecuting and killing the followers of Jesus, as for example Pharisee Saul-Paul was involved in killing of the first martyr of Christianity Stephen.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+7&version=ESV
The Stoning of Stephen
54 Now when they heard these things they were enraged, and they ground their teeth at him.
55 But he, full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.
56 And he said, “Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.”
57 But they cried out with a loud voice and stopped their ears and rushed together at him.
58 Then they cast him out of the city and stoned him. And the witnesses laid down their garments at the feet of a young man named Saul.
59 And as they were stoning Stephen, he called out, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.”
60 And falling to his knees he cried out with a loud voice, “Lord, do not hold this sin against them.” And when he had said this, he fell asleep.
Bible. Acts 7:54-60

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+8&version=ESV
1And Saul approved of his execution. And there arose on that day a great persecution against the church in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles.
2 Devout men buried Stephen and made great lamentation over him.
3 But Saul was ravaging the church, and entering house after house, he dragged off men and women and committed them to prison.
Bible. Acts 8:1-3

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+22&version=ESV
2 And when they heard that he was addressing them in the Hebrew language, they became even more quiet. And he said:
3 “I am a Jew, born in Tarsus in Cilicia, but brought up in this city, educated at the feet of Gamaliel according to the strict manner of the law of our fathers, being zealous for God as all of you are this day.
4 I persecuted this Way to the death, binding and delivering to prison both men and women,
5 as the high priest and the whole council of elders can bear me witness. From them I received letters to the brothers, and I journeyed toward Damascus to take those also who were there and bring them in bonds to Jerusalem to be punished.
<...>
19 And I said, ‘Lord, they themselves know that in one synagogue after another I imprisoned and beat those who believed in you.
20 And when the blood of Stephen your witness was being shed, I myself was standing by and approving and watching over the garments of those who killed him.’
Bible. Acts 22:2-5, 22:19-20

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+26&version=ESV
1 So Agrippa said to Paul, “You have permission to speak for yourself.” Then Paul stretched out his hand and made his defense:
2 “I consider myself fortunate that it is before you, King Agrippa, I am going to make my defense today against all the accusations of the Jews,
3 especially because you are familiar with all the customs and controversies of the Jews. Therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently.
4 “My manner of life from my youth, spent from the beginning among my own nation and in Jerusalem, is known by all the Jews.
5 They have known for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that according to the strictest party of our religion I have lived as a Pharisee.
6 And now I stand here on trial because of my hope in the promise made by God to our fathers,
7 to which our twelve tribes hope to attain, as they earnestly worship night and day. And for this hope I am accused by Jews, O king!
8 Why is it thought incredible by any of you that God raises the dead?
9 “I myself was convinced that I ought to do many things in opposing the name of Jesus of Nazareth.
10 And I did so in Jerusalem. I not only locked up many of the saints in prison after receiving authority from the chief priests, but when they were put to death I cast my vote against them.
11 And I punished them often in all the synagogues and tried to make them blaspheme, and in raging fury against them I persecuted them even to foreign cities.
Bible. Acts 26:1-11


When Jesus was alive Pharisee Saul-Paul had never met living Jesus. How did Pharisee Saul-Paul meet Jesus? Let’s have a closer look what Pharisee Saul-Paul himself tells.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+26&version=ESV
1 So Agrippa said to Paul, “You have permission to speak for yourself.” Then Paul stretched out his hand and made his defense:
2 “I consider myself fortunate that it is before you, King Agrippa, I am going to make my defense today against all the accusations of the Jews,
3 especially because you are familiar with all the customs and controversies of the Jews. Therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently.
4 “My manner of life from my youth, spent from the beginning among my own nation and in Jerusalem, is known by all the Jews.
5 They have known for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that according to the strictest party of our religion I have lived as a Pharisee.
6 And now I stand here on trial because of my hope in the promise made by God to our fathers,
7 to which our twelve tribes hope to attain, as they earnestly worship night and day. And for this hope I am accused by Jews, O king!
8 Why is it thought incredible by any of you that God raises the dead?
9 “I myself was convinced that I ought to do many things in opposing the name of Jesus of Nazareth.
10 And I did so in Jerusalem. I not only locked up many of the saints in prison after receiving authority from the chief priests, but when they were put to death I cast my vote against them.
11 And I punished them often in all the synagogues and tried to make them blaspheme, and in raging fury against them I persecuted them even to foreign cities.
12 “In this connection I journeyed to Damascus with the authority and commission of the chief priests.
13 At midday, O king, I saw on the way a light from heaven, brighter than the sun, that shone around me and those who journeyed with me.
14 And when we had all fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me in the Hebrew language, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me? It is hard for you to kick against the goads.’
15 And I said, ‘Who are you, Lord?’ And the Lord said, ‘I am Jesus whom you are persecuting.
16 But rise and stand upon your feet, for I have appeared to you for this purpose, to appoint you as a servant and witness to the things in which you have seen me and to those in which I will appear to you,
17 delivering you from your people and from the Gentiles—to whom I am sending you
18 to open their eyes, so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.’
19 “Therefore, O King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision,
20 but declared first to those in Damascus, then in Jerusalem and throughout all the region of Judea, and also to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, performing deeds in keeping with their repentance.
21 For this reason the Jews seized me in the temple and tried to kill me.
22 To this day I have had the help that comes from God, and so I stand here testifying both to small and great, saying nothing but what the prophets and Moses said would come to pass:
23 that the Christ must suffer and that, by being the first to rise from the dead, he would proclaim light both to our people and to the Gentiles.”
Bible. Acts 26:1-23


Pharisee Saul-Paul while ridding toward Damascus to kill the followers of Jesus suddenly grasps that the most effective method to deal with enemies is not to physically exterminate the enemies, but to overtake the steering wheel of the camp of Jesus followers and thus enemies will be no longer enemies, but instead they will serve you even being unaware of that. However how can you accomplish the overtake of the steering wheel of the camp of Jesus followers?
Pharisee Saul-Paul grasps genius idea: Saul-Paul proclaims that Jesus has appointed Saul-Paul as an apostle. Below is the short resume to clarify the concept.
The fiercest enemy of Jesus, the murderer, zealous persecutor of followers of Jesus, Pharisee Saul-Paul while ridding to kill followers of Jesus suddenly proclaims that in his vision he saw Jesus and Jesus appointed him as an apostle.
It is important to note that while Jesus was alive, Jesus had never mentioned the name “Saul-Paul” and Jesus had never mentioned even a single word that after the death of Jesus he would send any apostles or prophets to the world.
There is no document which would prove that Jesus would ever appoint Saul-Paul as an apostle.
The fiercest enemy of Jesus proclaimed himself as an apostle. In other words, Saul-Paul is a self-proclaimed apostle.

Question #5: How much we can trust the writings which were written by Pharisee Saul-Paul the worst enemy of Jesus who proclaimed himself apostle?



Chapter #6: Gospels of the New Testament

New Testament consists of four gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
Luke and Mark had never seen living Jesus, the gospels of Luke and Mark were written based on the narrations of Pharisee Saul-Paul, who himself had never seen living Jesus too. Luke and Mark were the disciples of Pharisee Saul-Paul.
Unlike Luke and Mark, Matthew and John were the true apostles of Jesus. Matthew and John accompanied Jesus in his travels while Jesus was alive. Which means that gospels of Matthew and John are much more reliable source of information than gospels of Luke and Mark.

The first appointed (by Jesus) apostle was Andrew (a.k.a. “the First-called Andrew”).

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+4&version=ESV
18 While walking by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon (who is called Peter) and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen.
19 And he said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.”
20 Immediately they left their nets and followed him.
21 And going on from there he saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets, and he called them.
22 Immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him.
Bible. Matthew 4:18-22

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+1&version=ESV
16 Passing alongside the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew the brother of Simon casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen.
17 And Jesus said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you become fishers of men.”
18 And immediately they left their nets and followed him.
19 And going on a little farther, he saw James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, who were in their boat mending the nets.
Bible. Mark 1:16-19

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_the_Apostle
Andrew the Apostle (Greek: Ἀνδρέας, Andreas; from the early 1st century – mid to late 1st century AD), also known as Saint Andrew and called in the Orthodox tradition Prōtoklētos (Πρωτόκλητος) or the First-called, was a Christian Apostle and the brother of Saint Peter.
Wikipedia


Apostle Andrew and other true apostles of Jesus wrote gospels.
However the gospel of Andrew and gospels of other apostles are not present in the New Testament. Why these gospels are not present in New Testament? Because of the simple reason – Christian Church declared that these gospels are apocrypha. Jesus had twelve apostles. Every apostle wrote his gospel. Thus it should be eleven gospels (twelve apostles minus apostle Jude), however New Testament contains only two gospels written by true apostles of Jesus.

http://www.christiantruth.com/articles/gelasiusdecretum.html
The Decree of Pope Gelasius on Canonical and Noncanonical Books (A.D. 496)
Decretum Gelasianum: De Libris Recipiendis et Non Recipiendis
Migne: PL 59.157-164
CONCILIORUM SUB GELASIO HABITORUM RELATIO.
CONCILIUM ROMANUM I.
Quo a septuaginta episcopis libri sacri et authentici ab apocryphis sunt discreti, sub Gelasio, anno Domini 494 Asterio atque Praesidio consulibus.
<...>
V.
Notitia librorum apocryphorum qui non recipiuntur.

In primis Ariminensem synodum a Constantio Caesare Constantini Augusti filio congregatam, mediante Tauro praefecto [al. praetorio] ex tunc et nunc et usque in aeternum confitemur esse damnatam.
Item Itinerarium nomine Petri apostoli, quod appellatur sancti Clementis libri [decem, al. novem], octo, apocryphum.
Actus nomine Andreae apostoli, apocryphi.
Actus nomine Thomae apostoli, libri 10 apocryphi.
Actus nomine Petri apostoli, apocryphi.
Actus nomine Philippi apostoli, apocryphi.
Evangelium nomine Thaddaei, apocryphum.
Evangelium nomine Matthiae, apocryphum.
Evangelium nomine Petri apostoli, apocryphum.
Evangelium nomine Jacobi Minoris, apocryphum.
Evangelium nomine Barnabae, apocryphum.
Evangelium [al. Evangelia] nomine Thomae quo [al. quibus] utuntur Manichaei, apocryphum [al. apocr.].
Evangelium [al. Evangelia] nomine Bartholomaei apostoli, apocryphum [al. apocrypha].
Evangelium nomine Andreae apostoli, apocryphum.
Evangelia quae falsavit Lucianus, apocrypha.
Liber de infantia Salvatoris, apocryphus.
Evangelia quae falsavit Esitius [al. Hesychius et Isicius], apocrypha.
Liber de Nativitate [al. Infantia] Salvatoris, et de Maria et obstetrice [al. addit. ejus], apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Pastoris, apocryphus.
Libri omnes quos fecit Leucius [al. Lucius] discipulus diaboli, apocryphi.
Liber qui appellatur Fundamentum, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Thesaurus, apocryphus.
Liber de filiabus Adae geneseos, apocryphus.
Centimetrum de Christo, Virgilianis compaginatum versibus, apocryphum.
Liber qui appellatur Actus Teclae et Pauli apostoli, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Nepotis, apocryphus.
Liber Proverbiorum qui ab haereticis conscriptus et sancti Sixti [al. Xysti] nomine praenotatus est, apocryphus.
Revelatio quae appellatur Pauli apostoli, apocrypha.
Revelatio quae appellatur Thomae apostoli, apocrypha.
Revelatio quae appellatur S. Stephani, apocrypha.
Liber qui appellatur Transitus, id est Assumptio sanctae Mariae, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Poenitentia Adae, apocryphus.
Liber Ogiae nomine gigantis, qui ab haereticis cum dracone post diluvium pugnasse fingitur, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Testamentum Job, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Poenitentia Origenis, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Poenitentia sancti Cypriani, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Poenitentia Jamnae et Mambrae, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Sortes sanctorum apostolorum, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Laus [al. Lusus] apostolorum, apocryphus.
Liber qui appellatur Canones apostolorum, apocryphus.
Liber Physiologus, qui ab haereticis conscriptus est, et B. Ambrosii nomine signatus [al. praenotatus], apocryphus.
Historia Eusebii Pamphili, apocrypha.
Opuscula Tertulliani, apocrypha.
Opuscula Lactantii [al. Firmiani], apocrypha.
Opuscula Africani, apocrypha.
Opuscula Postumiani et Galli, apocrypha.
Opuscula Montani, Priscillae et Maximillae, apocrypha.
Opuscula omnia Fausti Manichaei, apocrypha.
Opuscula Commodiani, apocrypha.
Opuscula alterius Clementis Alexandrini, apocrypha.
Opuscula Tatii [al. Tharsi seu Tascii] Cypriani, apocrypha.
Opuscula Arnobii, apocrypha.
Opuscula Tychonii, apocrypha.
Opuscula Cassiani [al. Cassionis] presbyteri Galliarum, apocrypha.
Opuscula Victorini Pictaviensis [al. Petabionensis], apocrypha.
Opuscula Fausti Regensis Galliarum, apocrypha.
Opuscula Frumentii Caeci, apocrypha.
Epistola Jesu ad Abagarum [al. Abgarum] regem, apocrypha.
Epistola Abagari [al. Abgari] ad Jesum, apocrypha.
Passio Quirici [al. Cyrici] et Julitae, apocrypha.
Passio Georgii, apocrypha.
Scriptura quae appellatur contradictio [al. interdictio] Salomonis, apocrypha.
Phylacteria omnia, quae non angelorum (ut illi confingunt), sed daemonum magis arte [al. nominibus] conscripta sunt, apocrypha.
<...>
CONCILIUM ROMANUM SIVE DECRETUM De libris recipiendis et non recipiendis a Gelasio papa cum episcopis anno circiter 496 habitum.
Christian Resources


Question #6: Why gospels written by true apostles of Jesus were declared as apocrypha? Why instead of gospels written by true apostles of Jesus the New Testament contains writings written by the worst enemy of Jesus Pharisee Saul-Paul and Saul-Paul’s disciples (Luke and Mark)?



Chapter #7: Instructions of Jesus Christ

Christ had never mentioned that after his death, he will send any apostle; Christ had never mentioned the name of Saul-Paul. The Pharisee Paul, the most vicious enemy of Christ, had declared himself as the apostle.
According to the Pharisee Paul, after Christ’s death, Christ allegedly began to do everything on the contrary than during his lifetime. When Christ was alive, he had never maimed people and he had healed them, but after the Christ’s death, Christ allegedly began to maim and frighten people. As for example, in the episode of Acts 9:3-9 Christ had made Paul blind, after Christ’s death the apostles Paul and Peter are terrorizing people, extorting money from people, and killing and maiming people (Acts 13:9-11 and Acts 4:32-37; 5:1-11) and so on.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+9&version=ESV
3 Now as he went on his way, he approached Damascus, and suddenly a light from heaven shone around him.
4 And falling to the ground he heard a voice saying to him, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?”
5 And he said, “Who are you, Lord?” And he said, “I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting.
6 But rise and enter the city, and you will be told what you are to do.”
7 The men who were traveling with him stood speechless, hearing the voice but seeing no one.
8 Saul rose from the ground, and although his eyes were opened, he saw nothing. So they led him by the hand and brought him into Damascus.
9 And for three days he was without sight, and neither ate nor drank.
Bible. Acts 9:3-9

Question #7: Did Christ ever mention that after his death, he will do everything on the contrary than during his lifetime? Did Christ ever mention that after his death he was planning to maim and kill people?



Chapter #8: Who are the Nazarenes and who are the Christians

When Christ was alive, his followers and disciples did not call themselves “Christians”, they called themselves “Nazarenes”. This name arose because Jesus was born in the town of Nazareth.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazarene_(title)
Nazarene is a title applied to Jesus, who, according to the New Testament, grew up in Nazareth, a town in Galilee, now in northern Israel. The word is used to translate two related terms that appear in the Greek New Testament: Nazarēnos (Nazarene) and Nazōraios (Nazorean). The phrases traditionally rendered as "Jesus of Nazareth" can also be translated as "Jesus the Nazarene" or "Jesus the Nazorean", and the title "Nazarene" may have a religious significance instead of denoting a place of origin. Both Nazarene and Nazorean are irregular in Greek and the additional vowel in Nazorean complicates any derivation from Nazareth.
The Gospel of Matthew explains that the title Nazarene is derived from the prophecy "He will be called a Nazorean", but this has no obvious Old Testament source. Some scholars argue that it refers to a passage in the Book of Isaiah, with "Nazarene" a Greek reading of the Hebrew ne·tser (branch), understood as a messianic title. Others point to a passage in the Book of Judges which refers to Samson as a Nazirite, a word that is just one letter off from Nazarene in Greek.
The Greek New Testament uses "Nazarene" six times (Mark, Luke), while "Nazorean" is used 13 times (Matthew, Mark in some manuscripts, Luke, John, Acts). In the Book of Acts, "Nazorean" is used to refer to a follower of Jesus, i.e. a Christian, rather than an inhabitant of a town. "Notzrim" is the modern Hebrew word for Christians (No·tsri, נוֹצְרִי) and one of two words commonly used to mean "Christian" in Syriac (Nasrani) and Arabic (Naṣrānī, نصراني).
Wikipedia

Please open all four gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) and try to find the word “Christian” in these gospels. None of the Gospels contain the word “Christian” because when Christ was alive, his disciples and followers were called “Nazarenes”.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+18&version=ESV
37 They told him, “Jesus of Nazareth is passing by.”
Bible. Luke 18:37

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+18&version=ESV
4 Then Jesus, knowing all that would happen to him, came forward and said to them, “Whom do you seek?”
5 They answered him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am he.” Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them.
6 When Jesus said to them, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
7 So he asked them again, “Whom do you seek?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
8 Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. So, if you seek me, let these men go.”
Bible. John 18:4-8

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+19&version=ESV
18 There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them.
19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.”
20 Many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek.
21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’”
22 Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.”
Bible. John 19:18-22

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+2&version=ESV
19 But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,
20 saying, “Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child's life are dead.”
21 And he rose and took the child and his mother and went to the land of Israel.
22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and being warned in a dream he withdrew to the district of Galilee.
23 And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, so that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled, that he would be called a Nazarene.
Bible. Matthew 2:19-23

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+26&version=ESV
71 And when he went out to the entrance, another servant girl saw him, and she said to the bystanders, “This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.”
Bible. Matthew 26:71

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+24&version=ESV
5 For we have found this man a plague, one who stirs up riots among all the Jews throughout the world and is a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes.
Bible. Acts 24:5

After Christ’s death the Pharisee Saul-Paul specially coined a new name “Christians” in order it would seem that the teaching released by Pharisee Saul-Paul supposedly is the same as that of Christ's teaching.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Acts+11&version=ESV
25 So Barnabas went to Tarsus to look for Saul,
26 and when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. For a whole year they met with the church and taught a great many people. And in Antioch the disciples were first called Christians.
Bible. Acts 11:25-26

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian
Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recorded in the Canonical gospels and the letters of the New Testament. "Christian" derives from the Greek word Christ, a translation of the Hebrew term Messiah.<...>
The Greek word (christianos) — meaning "follower of Christ" — comes from (christos) — meaning "anointed one" — with an adjectival ending borrowed from Latin to denote adhering to, or even belonging to, as in slave ownership.<...>
The first recorded use of the term (or its cognates in other languages) is in the New Testament, in Acts 11:26, which states "...in Antioch the disciples were first called Christians." The second mention of the term follows in Acts 26:28, where Herod Agrippa II replies to Paul the Apostle, "Do you think that in such a short time you can persuade me to be a Christian?" The third and final New Testament reference to the term is in 1 Peter 4:16, which exhorts believers, "...if you suffer as a Christian, do not be ashamed, but praise God that you bear that name."
Wikipedia

Here is the summary in order to make it more understandable. The disciples/followers of Christ were called “Nazarenes”. And the disciples/followers of the Pharisee Saul-Paul were called “Christians”. Nazarenes and Christians are totally unrelated to each other. The Pharisee Saul-Paul fiercely persecuted and killed Nazarenes, and after the death of Christ, he declared himself as the apostle of Christ, he took in his hands the steering wheel of the camp of the followers of Christ and he totally altered the teaching of Christ.

The Gospels of Christ's real apostles were declared apocryphal. Instead of the Gospels of the real apostles of Christ, the New Testament contains the writings of the most vicious enemies of Christ – the Pharisee Saul-Paul and his disciples (Luke, Mark).
The Church led by the disciples of the killer of Nazarenes, the imposter “apostle” Pharisee Saul-Paul, flooded with the blood all Europe while spreading the teaching of the Pharisee Saul-Paul.
The “Good fruit” of Pharisee Saul-Paul’s teaching was such that, for example, when Kievan Rus' was baptized, 9 million people were killed from the 12 million population of Kievan Rus'. The Christians killed all people who did not want to accept the teaching of the Pharisee the killer of Nazarenes the self-proclaimed “apostle” Saul-Paul.

Question #8: How much of the Holy Spirit and how much of Satan-Spirit is contained in the teaching of the Pharisee the killer of Nazarenes the self-proclaimed “apostle” Saul-Paul?



Chapter #9: Depictions of Jesus

A short scenario for contemplation.
Let’s suppose that your father was robbed by some mobsters and your father was killed and hanged on a tree branch. After this event, you had made a small statuette of the “hanged father” and during your whole lifetime you are wearing the necklace with this statuette in order “to honor” your father.

Question #9: How do you think: the depiction of the “hanged father”: 1) would honor the father, or 2) would honor his killers?

If there really was a desire to pay a tribute to Christ, then Christ would be portrayed healthy and powerful, radiating joy and victorious. Let’s look more closely how the depiction of Christ had changed over time. In early Christianity heirs of Pharisee Saul-Paul did not dare to depict and impose the image of tortured and killed Christ. In early Christianity Christ was depicted only alive and healthy, full of energy, glowing and with a book in his hand. Below are some examples of the pictures, which show how Christ was portrayed in early Christianity.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depiction_of_Jesus
Иконография Иисуса Христа
The oldest surviving panel icon of Christ Pantocrator, encaustic on panel, c. 6th century, showing the appearance of Jesus that is still immediately recognised today.

Иконография Иисуса Христа
Christ as Emperor, wearing military dress, and crushing the serpent representing Satan. "I am the way and the truth and the life" (John 14:6) reads the inscription. Ravenna, after 500

Иконография Иисуса Христа
11th-century Christ Pantocrator with the halo in a cross form, used throughout the Middle Ages. Characteristically, he is portrayed as similar in features and skin tone to the culture of the artist.
Wikipedia

The image of Christ killed on the cross is a desecration and disrespect of Christ. In early Christianity the caricatures of Christ hanging on the cross were drawn only for the purposes of the desecration of Christ.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depiction_of_Jesus
Crucified donkey
Engraving of a crucified donkey believed to be an early anti-Christian graffito, it reads: "Alexamenos worships [his] god."
Wikipedia

After a few hundred years after the death of Christ the followers of Pharisee Saul-Paul decided not to be penny wise and imposed the image of tortured and killed Christ (on the cross) to the Christians; and the image which glorifies the victory of the Jews over Christ was made de facto standard for the Christians. Christians, without even understanding, venerate the image of the murdered Christ and thus glorify the victory of the Jews over Christ.



Chapter #10: Context of the New Testament

In the debates about Christianity, the Christians very often accuse the opponents that the opponents allegedly had taken out of context the quote of the Bible. So let's look more closely at the context of the Bible.
We will remind that the Pharisee Saul-Paul and other apostles were Jews, so in order to be able to understand the context of the New Testament as a whole, you need to know and understand the Judaism – do you agree with that or not?

Question #10: How well do you know Judaism? What are the basic dogmas of Judaism? For what purpose the God Yahweh/Jehovah had created the non-Jews?



Chapter #11: The Second Commandment of God

Let’s study the Bible more carefully and let’s see what the Second Commandment of God is. The Ten Commandments given to Moses by God Yahweh/Jehovah are mentioned in the Old Testament even twice (Exodus 20:2-17; Deuteronomy 5:6-21). God's Second Commandment is: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image ... You shall not bow down to them or serve them”:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Commandments
The Ten Commandments, also known as the Decalogue, are a set of commandments which the Bible describes as being given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai. The Ten Commandments appear twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1-17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4-21. According to the story in Exodus, God inscribed them on two stone tablets, which he gave to Moses. Modern scholarship has found likely influences in Hittite and Mesopotamian laws and treaties, but is divided over exactly when the Ten Commandments were written and who wrote them. According to New Testament writers, the Ten Commandments are clearly attributed to Moses. John 7:19, Mark 7:10, Ephesians 6:2.
Wikipedia

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+20&version=ESV
2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
3 “You shall have no other gods before me.
4 “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
5 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me,
6 but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
9 Six days you shall labor, and do all your work,
10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates.
11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.
13 “You shall not murder.
14 “You shall not commit adultery.
15 “You shall not steal.
16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
17 “You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor's.”
Bible. Exodus 20:2-17

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Deuteronomy+5&version=ESV
6 “‘I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
7 “‘You shall have no other gods before me.
8 “‘You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
9 You shall not bow down to them or serve them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,
10 but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.
11 “‘You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
12 “‘Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you.
13 Six days you shall labor and do all your work,
14 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant, or your ox or your donkey or any of your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you.
15 You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.
16 “‘Honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God commanded you, that your days may be long, and that it may go well with you in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.
17 “‘You shall not murder.
18 “‘And you shall not commit adultery.
19 “‘And you shall not steal.
20 “‘And you shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
21 “‘And you shall not covet your neighbor's wife. And you shall not desire your neighbor's house, his field, or his male servant, or his female servant, his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor's.’
Bible. Deuteronomy 5:6-21

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Jeremiah+10&version=ESV
1 Hear the word that the Lord speaks to you, O house of Israel.
2 Thus says the Lord: “Learn not the way of the nations, nor be dismayed at the signs of the heavens because the nations are dismayed at them,
3 for the customs of the peoples are vanity. A tree from the forest is cut down and worked with an axe by the hands of a craftsman.
4 They decorate it with silver and gold; they fasten it with hammer and nails so that it cannot move.
5 Their idols are like scarecrows in a cucumber field, and they cannot speak; they have to be carried, for they cannot walk. Do not be afraid of them, for they cannot do evil, neither is it in them to do good.”
Bible. Jeremiah 10:1-5

The Bible clearly says that the veneration of the Cross (i.e. idol) is the idolatry which violates the Second Commandment of God. The Bible clearly says that the veneration of images (e.g. icons) is the idolatry which violates the Second Commandment of God.

The Second Commandment of God is excluded from the Catholic Catechism, and the Tenth Commandment of God is divided into two parts in order that nobody would notice that one commandment is missing.

http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/command.htm
Section Two: The Ten Commandments
<...>
A Traditional Catechetical Formula

1. I am the LORD your God: you shall not have strange Gods before me.
2. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the LORD'S Day.
4. Honor your father and your mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.
Catechism of the Catholic Church. Part Three: Life in Christ. Section Two: The Ten Commandments

Question #11: Why does the Catholic Catechism tampered with the commandments of God? Please explain in detail how the veneration of the cross (violation of the Second Commandment of God) leads to the salvation?



Chapter #12: Cancellation of the Second Commandment of God

Catholics provide us a very thorough and very detailed description of the hell.
In 1486 the Holy Inquisition published the book “Hammer of the Witches” (Latin: “Malleus Maleficarum”). In this book all levels of the hell are described very detailed, the book describes which devils live on what level of the hell, the book lists the names of all the devils and describes which devil stands to which pot (with boiling sulfur or with boiling water, etc.).
At the same time, the Catholic Church is unable to provide us any detailed description of the heaven/paradise – all the data about the heaven/paradise is limited to a few abstract, vague and indeterminate sentences.
And this leads to very simple conclusion: all Catholics go only into the hell, and no Catholic has ever been in the heaven/paradise. This is due to simple reason – if at least one Catholic would had been in the paradise, then Catholic Church would be able to provide us a detailed description of the paradise.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malleus_Maleficarum
The Malleus Maleficarum (commonly rendered into English as "Hammer of [the] Witches"; Der Hexenhammer in German) is a treatise on the prosecution of witches, written in 1486 by Heinrich Kramer, a German Catholic clergyman. The book was first published in Speyer, Germany, in 1487. Jacob Sprenger is also often attributed as an author, but some scholars now believe that he became associated with the Malleus Maleficarum largely as a result of Kramer's wish to lend his book as much official authority as possible. Both purported writers of the work were Dominican clergy, and the work came about as “the result of a peculiarly Dominican encounter between learned and folk traditions, an encounter determined in part by the demands of inquisitorial office, and in part by the requirements of effective preaching and pastoral care.” In 1490, three years after its publication, the Catholic Church condemned the Malleus Maleficarum, although it was later used by royal courts during the Renaissance, and contributed to the increasingly brutal prosecution of witchcraft during the 16th and 17th centuries.
Kramer wrote the Malleus shortly after being expelled from Innsbruck by the local bishop after a failed attempt to conduct his own witchcraft prosecution. Kramer's purpose in writing the book was to explain his own views on witchcraft, systematically refute arguments claiming that witchcraft does not exist, discredit those who expressed skepticism about its reality, claim that those who practised witchcraft were more often women than men, and to convince magistrates to use Kramer's recommended procedures for finding and convicting witches.
Malleus Maleficarum
Title page of an edition dated 1669

Author(s)
Heinrich Kramer and, credited but under modern academic dispute, Jacob Sprenger
Date
1486
Date of issue
1487

External links
Malleus Maleficarum – Online version of Latin text and scanned pages of Malleus Maleficarum published in 1580.
Malleus Maleficarum – Online and downloadable scan of original Latin edition of 1490.
English translation
Wikipedia

We will remind that the order of the numbering of the Commandments of God corresponds to the importance/priority of the Commandments. The first Commandment is the most important, the second Commandment is less important than the first, but more important than all the other Commandments; the third Commandment is less important than the second, but more important than all the others. This is due to very important reason. If life circumstances of a man force a man to violate one of the Commandments of God, and if the man is forced to violate the Commandments, then such man must choose to violate the Commandment whose numbering number is bigger.
As for example, if a man is forced to choose between which Commandment of God to violate: the first Commandment or the fifth Commandment, then he must fulfill the first Commandment, and he can violate the fifth Commandment. It is important to note that the second Commandment is above the rest of Commandments (do not kill, do not steal, etc.), which means that if a man is forced to choose between the worshiping of idols/icons (the violation of the second Commandment) and the Commandment “do not kill/do not steal, etc.”, then such man must choose to go and kill/steal/etc instead of worshiping idols/icons.
These are the Commandments of God Yahweh/Jehovah and such is the order of the execution of the Commandments; however Catholics have no clue about that.

There are more than 41 thousand of Christian denominations and many of them are well aware of the second Commandment of God and obey it. As for example, the Second Commandment of God is obeyed by Baptists and many other Christian denominations. Idols and icons of Christ are venerated only by the Catholics, Orthodoxes and several other denominations. All other Christians obey the second Commandment of God, because God Yahweh/Jehovah has never canceled the Ten Commandments.
You can be obedient to all nine Commandments, but it is enough to violate just one Commandment, and your soul will go to the hell, which is confirmed in the writings of Catholics themselves.

Question #12: Please show a place in the Bible that describes that God Yahweh/Jehovah had canceled his Second Commandment.



Chapter #13: Horns of Moses and the infallibility of the Pope

Catholics claim that popes are infallible.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_infallibility
Papal infallibility is a dogma of the Catholic Church that states that, in virtue of the promise of Jesus to Peter, the Pope is preserved from the possibility of error "When, in the exercise of his office as shepherd and teacher of all Christians, in virtue of his supreme apostolic authority, he defines a doctrine concerning faith or morals to be held by the whole Church."
This doctrine was defined dogmatically in the First Vatican Council of 1869–1870, but had been defended before that, existing already in medieval theology and being the majority opinion at the time of the Counter-Reformation.
According to Catholic theology, there are several concepts important to the understanding of infallible, divine revelation: Sacred Scripture, Sacred Tradition, and the Sacred Magisterium. The infallible teachings of the Pope are part of the Sacred Magisterium, which also consists of ecumenical councils and the "...ordinary and universal magisterium." In Catholic theology, papal infallibility is one of the channels of the infallibility of the Church. The infallible teachings of the Pope must be based on, or at least not contradict, Sacred Tradition or Sacred Scripture.
The doctrine of infallibility relies on one of the cornerstones of Catholic dogma: that of petrine supremacy of the pope, and his authority as the ruling agent who decides what is accepted as formal beliefs in the Roman Catholic Church. The use of this power is referred to as speaking ex cathedra.
Wikipedia


Let’s investigate more closely how much qualified in the text of the Bible are the Popes (and the Vatican). The qualification in the text of the Bible of the Popes is very well illustrated by the fact that when Pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo to build his tomb and Michelangelo carried out that order, the tomb of Julius II depicts the Biblical figure Moses with horns on his head. It is important to note that Michelangelo’s work on making the tomb was vigilantly supervised by the Pope.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses_(Michelangelo)
The Moses (c. 1513–1515) is a sculpture by the Italian High Renaissance artist Michelangelo Buonarroti, housed in the church of San Pietro in Vincoli in Rome. Commissioned in 1505 by Pope Julius II for his tomb, it depicts the Biblical figure Moses with horns on his head, based on a description in the Vulgate, the Latin translation of the Bible used at that time.

Commissioning and design history
Pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo to build his tomb in 1505 and it was finally completed in 1545; Julius II died in 1513. The initial design by Michelangelo was massive and called for over 40 statues. The statue of Moses would have been placed on a tier about 3.74 meters high, opposite a figure of St. Paul. In the final design, the statue of Moses sits in the center of the bottom tier.
<...>
Horns
The statue has what are commonly accepted to be two horns on its head.
The depiction of a horned Moses stems from the description of Moses' face as "cornuta" ("horned") in the Latin Vulgate translation of the passage from Exodus in which Moses returns to the people after receiving the commandments for the second time. The Douay-Rheims Bible translates the Vulgate as, "And when Moses came down from the mount Sinai, he held the two tables of the testimony, and he knew not that his face was horned from the conversation of the Lord." This was Jerome's effort to faithfully translate the difficult, original Hebrew Masoretic text, which uses the term, karan (based on the root, keren, which often means "horn"); the term is now interpreted to mean "shining" or "emitting rays" (somewhat like a horn). Although some historians believe that Jerome made an outright error, Jerome himself appears to have seen keren as a metaphor for "glorified", based on other commentaries he wrote, including one on Ezekiel, where he wrote that Moses' face had "become 'glorified', or as it says in the Hebrew, 'horned'." The Greek Septuagint, which Jerome also had available, translated the verse as "Moses knew not that the appearance of the skin of his face was glorified." In general medieval theologians and scholars understood that Jerome had intended to express a glorification of Moses' face, by his use of the Latin word for "horned." The understanding that the original Hebrew was difficult and was not likely to literally mean "horns" persisted into and through the Renaissance.
Although Jerome completed the Vulgate in the late 3rd century, the first known applications of the literal language of the Vulgate in art are found in an English illustrated book written in the vernacular, that was created around 1050: the Aelfric Paraphrase of the Pentateuch and Joshua. For the next 150 years or so, evidence for further images of a horned Moses is sparse. Afterwards, such images proliferated and can be found, for example, in the stained glass windows at the Chartres Cathedral, Sainte-Chapelle, and Notre Dame, even as Moses continued to be depicted many times without horns. In the 16th century, the prevalence of depictions of a horned Moses steeply diminished.
In Christian art of the Middle Ages, Moses is depicted wearing horns and without them; sometimes in glory, as a prophet and precursor of Jesus, but also in negative contexts, especially with regard to Pauline contrasts between faith and law - the iconography was not black and white. However, starting in the 11th and 12th centuries, the social position of Jews, and their depictions in Christian art, became increasingly negative and reached a low point as the Middle Ages ended. Jews became identified with the devil, and were commonly depicted in an evil light, with horns, a libelous stereotype that exists to this day. Hence many people today interpret the horns on Michelangelo's statue only in a negative light, a situation that was not true in Michelangelo's day.
A book published in 2008 advanced a theory that the "horns" on Michelangelo's statue were never meant to be seen and that it is wrong to interpret them as horns: "[The statue] never had horns. The artist had planned Moses as a masterpiece not only of sculpture, but also of special optical effects worthy of any Hollywood movie. For this reason, the piece had to be elevated and facing straight forward, looking in the direction of the front door of the basilica. The two protrusions on the head would have been invisible to the viewer looking up from the floor below — the only thing that would have been seen was the light reflected off of them." This interpretation has been contested.
Рогатый Моисей
Рогатый Моисей
Artist: Michelangelo
Year: c. 1513 – 1515
Type: Marble
Dimensions: 235 cm (92.5 in)
Location: San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome
Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomb_of_Pope_Julius_II
The Tomb of Pope Julius II is a sculptural and architectural ensemble by Michelangelo and his assistants, originally commissioned in 1505 but not completed until 1545 on a much reduced scale. Originally intended for St. Peter's Basilica, the tomb was instead placed in the church of San Pietro in Vincoli on the Esquiline in Rome after the pope's death. This church was patronised by the della Rovere family from which Julius came, and he had been titular cardinal there.
Рогатый Моисей
The tomb of Julius II, with Michelangelo's statues of Rachel and Leah on the left and the right of his Moses.
Wikipedia


We will remind that the Catholic Church had translated all the Holy Scriptures into Latin, because the original Holy Scriptures were in Hebrew and Greek. The translation of the Old Testament from Hebrew into Latin was carried out by Saint Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus). Saint Jerome was so illiterate that when he was translating the Hebrew Torah into Latin, he mistakenly translated the text about Moses, and in the Latin translation he wrote that Moses had horns.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerome
Saint Jerome (/dʒəˈroʊm/; Latin: Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Greek: Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος; c. 347 – 30 September 420) was a Latin Christian priest, confessor, theologian and historian, who also became a Doctor of the Church. He was the son of Eusebius, born at Stridon, a village of Italian influence on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia. He is best known for his translation of most of the Bible into Latin (the translation that became known as the Vulgate), and his commentaries on the Gospels. His list of writings is extensive. Known as the “protégé” of Pope Damasus I, who died in December of 384, Jerome became well known for outlining the type of lifestyle that was acceptable for Christians living in cosmopolitan centers like Rome. In many cases, he focused his attention to the lives of women and identified how a woman devoted to Jesus Christ should live her life. This concentration stemmed from his close patron relationships with several prominent female ascetics who were members of affluent Roman “senatorial families”.
He is recognised as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Lutheran Church, and the Church of England (Anglican Communion). Jerome is commemorated on 30 September with a memorial.
Wikipedia


It is important to note that Saint Jerome’s translation into Latin called “Vulgate” is still valid as the official text of the Bible of the Catholic Church. Since this translation was (and still is) the official text of the Bible, recognized by the Vatican, the Catholics in their works refer to this Jerome’s text.
Michelangelo's statue of Moses depicted with horns is still considered one of the greatest masterpieces. Actually Moses was the father of the Christian religion; without Moses there would be no Christianity as such.
Depictions of Moses with horns is an insult and mockery of Moses, it would be difficult to come up with something more insulting. However the tomb of Pope Julius II depicts Moses with horns.
Furthermore, Moses is depicted with horns on all paintings with Christian themes, in icons, in Bible editions, in works on theology, etc. Moreover, many Christian theologians have written big treatises in which they had discussed the horns of Moses – what size, what color were the horns of Moses, etc.
And this entire circus is caused by one reason – Jerome due his illiteracy had mistakenly translated the Hebrew Torah.

For some examples of how the Christian Church depicts Moses with horns please click here.

Question #13: How can we rely on the works of the Pope and the Vatican about the Bible when, according to Popes, Moses had horns? And by the way, if Moses supposedly had horns, maybe Christ had the horns too? And maybe all the other saints had the horns too?



Chapter #14: Rising from the dead

Christians claim that Jesus resurrected from the dead and this proves the divinity. However Jesus resurrected from the coma stage, not from the dead. The word “coma” is never mentioned in Bible despite the fact that many people were experiencing coma stage in biblical times. The word “coma” was hardly used in the known literature up to the middle of the 17th century. The people who surrounded Jesus did not know about coma stage and at these times all people in coma stage were considered as dead. Simply nearby Jesus there were no qualified persons to diagnose the coma stage, so the coma stage was misdiagnosed as the death. Resurrection from the coma stage is not a miracle at all. Thousands of people around the world resurrect from the coma stage every day.

http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/131/3/877.full.pdf
The term ‘coma’, from the Greek koma, meaning deep sleep, had already been used in the Hippocratic corpus (Epidemica) and later by Galen (second century AD). Subsequently, it was hardly used in the known literature up to the middle of the 17th century. The term is found again in Thomas Willis’ (1621–75) influential De anima brutorum (1672), where lethargy (pathological sleep, which he localized in the outer cortex), ‘coma’ (heavy sleeping), carus (deprivation of the senses) and apoplexy (into which carus could turn and which he localized in the white matter) are mentioned, the sequence indicating increasingly deeper forms of unresponsiveness. The term carus is also derived from Greek, where it can be found in the roots of several words meaning soporific or sleepy. It can still be found in the root of the term carotid’. Thomas Sydenham (1624–89) mentioned the term ‘coma’ in several cases of fever (Sydenham, 1685). Partly due to the methodology we applied, apoplexy and stroke are causes often encountered. Trauma has always been known as a cause and an example is found in Tulp’s Observationes Medicae (Tulp, 1641). Before the 19th century, physical examination, next to bservation, was largely confined to palpating the pulse and to inspection of urine, faeces, sputum and pus (Bynum and Porter, 1994). In this period, observations on arousal to sensory stimuli (shouting, pinching, applying stimuli to the nostrils), movements and breathing were described. Johann Jakob Wepfer (1620–95) mentioned a full and strong pulse that became weak, small and frequent (Wepfer, 1932).
Historical study of coma: looking back through medical and neurological texts. Peter J. Koehler1 and Eelco F. M.Wijdicks. Brain (2008), 131, p. 877-889

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coma#Diagnostic_steps
In medicine, a coma (from the Greek koma, meaning deep sleep) is a state of unconsciousness, lasting more than six hours in which a person cannot be awakened, fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, sound, lacks a normal sleep-wake cycle and does not initiate voluntary actions. <...>
Diagnostic steps
When an unconscious patient enters a hospital, the hospital utilizes a series of diagnostic steps to identify the cause of unconsciousness. According to Young, the following steps should be taken when dealing with a patient possibly in a coma:
1. Perform a general examination and medical history check
2. Make sure patient is in an actual comatose state and is not mistaken for locked-in state (patient will either be able to voluntarily move his eyes or blink) or psychogenic unresponsiveness (caloric stimulation of the vestibular apparatus will result in slow deviation of eyes towards the stimulation followed by rapid correction to mid-line; this response can't be voluntarily suppressed: therefore, if the patient doesn't have this response, then psychogenic coma can be ruled out as a differential)
3. Find the site of the brain that may be causing coma (i.e. brain stem, back of brain…) and assess the severity of the coma with the Glasgow coma scale
4. Take blood work to see if drugs were involved or if it was a result of hypoventilation/hyperventilation
5. Check for levels of “serum glucose, calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, phosphate, urea, and creatinine”
6. Perform brain scans to observe any abnormal brain functioning using either CT or MRI scans
7. Continue to monitor brain waves and identify seizures of patient using EEGs
Wikipedia

A lot of Christians do not agree that Jesus was in a coma – these Christians claim that the heart of Jesus was pierced with a spear, and no one can survive after the piercing of the heart, only God can survive the piercing of the heart. It should be noted that in the biblical text there is no mention that the heart of Jesus was pierced. The biblical text mentions only that one side of Jesus was pierced (John 19:34), however the “side” does not mean the “heart”.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+19&version=ESV
34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water.
Bible. John 19:34

Due to the lack of medical knowledge the Christians naively believe that the pierced heart of Jesus somehow proves his divinity, Christians naively believe that no mortal could survive after his heart was pierced. However, this is not true. There are many documented cases when people have successfully survived after their heart was pierced, and this fact refutes the claim of Christians that the pierced heart supposedly proves the divinity. Mortal men can survive after the piercing of the heart; the divinity is not required for the survival.
And by the way, it is interesting to note that in many churches on the statues of Jesus the wound of puncture is depicted on the wrong side – the wound from the spear is on the right side of Jesus and not on the left, which is contrary to the assertions of Christians that Jesus was pierced in the heart.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-17641494
US man survives shooting four-inch nail into his heart
BBC, 6 April 2012
http://abcnews.go.com/US/story?id=95201&page=1#.UArUL2Ee45s
Girl Stabbed Through Heart Survives
ABC News, Oct. 29
http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,590370,00.html
Man Survives After 2-Inch Nail Pierces Heart
Fox News, April 02, 2010
http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1696&dat=19840416&id=qWw0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=B5gEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6550,3969528
Hear Piecing Survived
Daily News, April 16, 1984
http://articles.latimes.com/1991-05-19/news/mn-2980_1_survives-heart-surgery
Boy Survives After Being Spiked Through Heart : Medicine: Surgeon calls his survival 'one in a billion.' The child asked to play Nintendo after awakening from surgery.
By Arthur H. Rotstein
Associated Press, Los Angeles Times, May 19, 1991
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-01-16/mumbai/28374639_1_rare-operation-stab-abdomen
Miraculous recovery for man with knife in heart
By Sumitra Deb Roy, TNN
The Times of India, Jan 16, 2011

Question #14: We will remind that voodoo priests can resurrect the dead – there are many documented cases of that. This means that the resurrection of Christ from the dead is not proof of divinity, isn’t it?



Chapter #15: Expropriation of the donkey

We will remind the episode of the entry of Christ into Jerusalem.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+12&version=ESV
14 And Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, just as it is written,
15 “Fear not, daughter of Zion; behold, your king is coming, sitting on a donkey's colt!”
16 His disciples did not understand these things at first, but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things had been written about him and had been done to him.
Bible. John 12:14-16

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+19&version=ESV
28 And when he had said these things, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.
29 When he drew near to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount that is called Olivet, he sent two of the disciples,
30 saying, “Go into the village in front of you, where on entering you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever yet sat. Untie it and bring it here.
31 If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ you shall say this: ‘The Lord has need of it.’”
32 So those who were sent went away and found it just as he had told them.
33 And as they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, “Why are you untying the colt?”
34 And they said, “The Lord has need of it.”
35 And they brought it to Jesus, and throwing their cloaks on the colt, they set Jesus on it.
36 And as he rode along, they spread their cloaks on the road.
37 As he was drawing near—already on the way down the Mount of Olives—the whole multitude of his disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen,
38 saying, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”
Bible. Luke 19:28-38

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+21&version=ESV
1 Now when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples,
2 saying to them, “Go into the village in front of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them and bring them to me.
3 If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord needs them,’ and he will send them at once.”
4 This took place to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet, saying,
5 “Say to the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your king is coming to you, humble, and mounted on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.’”
6 The disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them.
7 They brought the donkey and the colt and put on them their cloaks, and he sat on them.
Bible. Matthew 21:1-7

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+11&version=ESV
1 Now when they drew near to Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples
2 and said to them, “Go into the village in front of you, and immediately as you enter it you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever sat. Untie it and bring it.
3 If anyone says to you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ say, ‘The Lord has need of it and will send it back here immediately.’”
4 And they went away and found a colt tied at a door outside in the street, and they untied it.
5 And some of those standing there said to them, “What are you doing, untying the colt?”
6 And they told them what Jesus had said, and they let them go.
7 And they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their cloaks on it, and he sat on it.
Bible. Mark 11:1-7

Let’s analyze in more detail the episode of the entry of Christ into Jerusalem and the donkey.
Let’s call a spade a spade.
Jesus tells his disciples to steal the donkey (“find a colt tied <...> Untie it and bring it here”). The donkey is tied, and that means that this donkey has an owner, this donkey belongs to someone, this donkey is someone’s property.
Jesus did not tell his disciples “ask the owner to the sell/lent/give away his donkey.” If the owner was asked, maybe the owner would gladly agree to sell/lend/give away his donkey – however before taking the donkey you must ask the owner if he agrees to sell/lend/give away his donkey, mustn’t you?
However, Jesus did not ask the owner about his donkey; Jesus ordered his disciples to steal the donkey (“find a colt tied <...> Untie it and bring it here”).
Jesus also specifies the needed “technical specifications” of the donkey which the disciples of Jesus need to steal – the one “on which no one has ever yet sat.”
This is similar to scenario, as if we would ask the thief of cars: “you’ve got to steal a car of such and such a model/brand, of such and such a color, of such and such technical specification.”
The disciples of Jesus are well aware that the theft of a donkey is bad/unacceptable act, so Jesus gives them the further instructions in the case if people standing nearby will witness the theft of the donkey: “If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ you shall say this: ‘The Lord has need of it.’” Jesus instructs his disciples that if they will fail to steal the donkey imperceptibly, then they must simply expropriate/confiscate the donkey (i.e. they must take the donkey without the owner’s permission). And Jesus provides an additional explanation that the reason for the confiscation is: “The Lord has need of it.”
In the exact same way, during the communist revolution, the Bolsheviks expropriated/confiscated the grain/wagons/plows/donkeys/cows/horses/etc from the farmers – the Bolsheviks explained the expropriation/confiscation very simply: “the donkey is needed by Lenin/revolution/communism/etc”, and Bolsheviks took the donkey without the owner’s permission.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expropriation
The process of expropriation "occurs when a public agency (for example, the provincial government and its agencies, regional districts, municipalities, school boards, post-secondary insuitutions and utilities) takes private property for a purpose deemed to be in the public interest". Unlike eminent domain, expropriation may also refer to the taking of private property by a private entity authorized by a government to take property in certain situations.
The term appears as "expropriation of expropriators (ruling classes)" in Marxist theory, and also as the slogan "Loot the looters!" ("грабь награбленное"), which was very popular during the Russian October Revolution. The term is also used to describe nationalization campaigns by communist states, such as dekulakization and collectivization in the USSR. This also took place later on in the forced flight and Expulsion of the Germans after World War Two mandated by the Potsdam Agreement, as well as the Greek Genocide, Armenian Genocide and Assyrian Genocide perpetrated by the Young Turks government and late Ottoman Empire in modern day Turkey.
One example of expropriation occurred between the United States and Mexico in 1938 when the Mexican President signed an order that expropriated almost all of the foreign oil companies operating in Mexico. This initially turned out to have great negative consequences on the Mexican economy when their oil exports were boycotted by major oil companies, decreasing exports dramatically, but later on the economic benefits of this move became apparent, with the new national oil company PEMEX being an important contributor to the Mexican Miracle, and other countries soon followed with oil nationalisation carried out in much of Latin America and the developing world.
Due to political risks that are involved when countries engage in international business it is important to understand the expropriation risks and laws within each of the countries that business is conducted in in order to protect your rights as an investor in that country.
Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eminent_domain
Eminent domain (United States, the Philippines), compulsory purchase (United Kingdom, New Zealand, Ireland), resumption (Hong Kong), resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia), or expropriation (South Africa, Canada) is the power of a state or a national government to take private property for public use. However, it can be legislatively delegated by the state to municipalities, government subdivisions, or even to private persons or corporations, when they are authorized to exercise the functions of public character.
The property may be taken either for government use or by delegation to third parties, who will devote it to public or civic use or, in some cases, to economic development. The most common uses of property taken by eminent domain are for government buildings and other facilities, public utilities, highways, and railroads. However, it may also be taken for reasons of public safety, as in the case of Centralia, Pennsylvania. Some jurisdictions require that the condemnor make an offer to purchase the subject property, before resorting to the use of eminent domain.
Wikipedia

We will remind that Jesus Christ is God. Why the God would need the donkey? Jesus can walk on his foot, just like all other people (as for example, Jesus’ disciples were walking on their foot). Jesus wanted to portray that supposedly he fulfils the biblical prophecy which said that the Messiah will arrive into Jerusalem riding on a donkey – this prophecy was the reason why Jesus desperately needed to get the donkey in order to force people into believing that he is the Messiah described in the biblical prophecy.
Again, we will remind that Jesus is God, so, if Jesus needs the donkey, then he can create the donkey out of thin air, because he is the God, and God can easily create the donkey out of thin air. However, Jesus decides to expropriate/confiscate the donkey without asking owner’s permission. Maybe this donkey belongs to some very poor peasant, thus by taking away his donkey, the peasant will die of hunger, because the donkey is his sole asset. However Jesus does not care that the donkey has the owner, and Jesus commands his disciples to expropriate/confiscated the donkey. The disciples obeyed to that command of Jesus, and during the theft of the donkey the nearby people saw the theft and asked “Why are you untying it?”, however the disciples simply expropriated/confiscated the donkey as Jesus commanded to do.
Christians claim that Jesus Christ is the example of goodness; Christians say that we should all behave the same as Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ with his behavior has showed us an example and taught us how to live and how to behave – do you agree with this or not?
The episode provided above from the New Testament (in four Gospels) describes that Jesus commanded his disciples to expropriate/confiscate the donkey. Jesus teaches us that you can not steal, however Jesus himself steals the donkey.

Question #15: Why did Christ need to steal a donkey? Did Christ have not enough divine power to create a donkey?



Chapter #16: Becoming God after the vote

We will remind that in the year 325 “The First Council of Nicaea” was convened in the city of Bithynia in Nicaea (İznik city in modern Turkey). The First Council of Nicaea voted and Jesus Christ was declared as God by the majority of votes cast (318 votes were cast “for”, and 2 votes were cast “against”). Those who voted “against” were expelled and excommunicated. Thus, in the year 325 (i.e., after about 300 years after his death) Jesus Christ became God. While Christ was alive and 300 years after his death – Christ was not God, however in the year 325 Christ became God.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Council_of_Nicaea
The First Council of Nicaea (/naɪˈsiːə/; Greek: Νίκαια [ˈni:kaɪja]) was a council of Christian bishops convened in Nicaea in Bithynia by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325. This first ecumenical council was the first effort to attain consensus in the church through an assembly representing all of Christendom. It was presided by Hosius of Corduba, a bishop from the West.
Its main accomplishments were settlement of the Christological issue of the nature of the Son of God and his relationship to God the Father, the construction of the first part of the Creed of Nicaea, establishing uniform observance of the date of Easter, and promulgation of early canon law.
Wikipedia

Christians claim that “Christ died for all”, “Christ died for everyone's sins”.

Question #16: Was it really necessary to “die for all”? As for example, Christ could “had been born for all” – please prove using logical arguments that “being born for all” is a worse scenario than “dying for all.” Or Christ could “had drunk wine for all” – please prove using logical arguments that that “to drink wine for all” is a worse scenario than the “to die for all”. Christ is God, so any act of God can count as an act “for all”, isn’t?



Chapter #17: Holy Trinity before the birth of Christ

One of the most important Christian dogma is the Holy Trinity (God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Latin trinitas "triad", from trinus "threefold") defines God as three consubstantial persons, expressions, or hypostases: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit; "one God in three persons". The three persons are distinct, yet are one "substance, essence or nature". In this context, a "nature" is what one is, while a "person" is who one is.
Wikipedia

Question #17: Did the Holy Trinity exist before the birth of Christ or not? Maybe at that time instead of the Holy Trinity there was Holy Dyad? Or how it was?



Chapter #18: Monotheism vs. Trinity

Christians claim that the Christian religion is monotheistic, however at the same time, Christians venerate the Holy Trinity.
According to Christian doctrine, monotheism is the formula:
“God in three persons” == monotheism.
According to the Christians, this formula is allegedly a very logical monotheistic formula – do you agree with this or not?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monotheism
Monotheism is defined by the Encyclopædia Britannica as belief in the existence of one god or in the oneness of God. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church gives a more restricted definition: "belief in one personal and transcendent God", as opposed to polytheism and pantheism.
Wikipedia

Question #18: For what purpose, and why do you need to combine “God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit” in one pile (Trinity)? Why they can not simply exist separately? Why does this list of Trinity do not contain the Virgin Mary, the angels, archangels, demons, Satan/Lucifer and all the other biblical characters? Why do these biblical characters do not deserve the honor of being included in this list?

We will remind that the other monotheistic (based on the Bible) religions (Islam and Judaism) categorically deny and do not recognize the “Trinity”. Judaism and Islam claim that Christianity is a polytheistic religion because of the following reasons:
1) Christians worship the Trinity;
2) in addition to all this, the Christians venerate the Virgin Mary;
3) in addition to all this, Christians revere many different Christian saints.
At the same time, Muslims worship only one God and no one else. Allah is the same biblical God Yahweh/Jehovah, just the name is different. The Quran states that if you worship the Trinity then after your death the God will send you to the hell.

Judaism and Islam also claim that Christianity is idolatry because Christians worship the cross, icons, various statues, etc., and all these things violate the Second Commandment of God.

http://al-quran.info/#4:171
4:171 O People of the Book! Do not exceed the bounds in your religion, and do not attribute anything to Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only an apostle of Allah, and His Word that He cast toward Mary and a spirit from Him. So have faith in Allah and His apostles, and do not say, ‘[God is] a trinity.’ Relinquish [such a creed]! That is better for you. Allah is but the One God. He is far too immaculate to have any son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth, and Allah suffices as trustee.
http://al-quran.info/#5:72
5:72 They are certainly faithless who say, ‘Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary.’ But the Messiah had said, ‘O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. Indeed whoever ascribes partners to Allah, Allah shall forbid him [entry into] paradise, and his refuge shall be the Fire, and the wrongdoers will not have any helpers.’
http://al-quran.info/#5:73
5:73 They are certainly faithless who say, ‘Allah is the third [person] of a trinity,’ while there is no god except the One God. If they do not relinquish what they say, there shall befall the faithless among them a painful punishment.
http://al-quran.info/#5:75
5:75 The Messiah, son of Mary, is but an apostle. Certainly [other] apostles have passed before him, and his mother was a truthful one. Both of them would eat food. Look how We clarify the signs for them, and yet, look, how they go astray!
Al-Quran. Online Quranic Project



Chapter #19: What is the difference between the “soul” and the “spirit”

Because the Christian Church publicly states that it “will save our souls”, it is very important to find out the answers to the following questions:

1) What is the definition of “soul”? What is the “soul”?
2) What is the definition of “spirit”? What is the “spirit”?
3) What is the difference between the “soul” and the “spirit”? Please provide the exact list of differences between the “soul” and the “spirit”.
4) Do animals have souls?
5) Do angels have souls?
6) Do demons have souls?
7) We will remind that millions of people around the world have reported that they have seen and have met the extraterrestrials. It is important to note that aliens are flying very technologically advanced flying saucers, which means that aliens are smarter than humans (because humans are unable to build such machines); and if the aliens are smarter than humans, then how can they not have a soul? The aliens should have the souls, shouldn’t they? And if the aliens have souls, then how do their souls differ from the souls of humans?

Let’s have a closer look at what is written about the “soul” in the Catholic Catechism.

http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p1s2c1p6.htm
363 In Sacred Scripture the term "soul" often refers to human life or the entire human person.230 But "soul" also refers to the innermost aspect of man, that which is of greatest value in him,231 that by which he is most especially in God's image: "soul" signifies the spiritual principle in man.
<...>
365 The unity of soul and body is so profound that one has to consider the soul to be the "form" of the body:234 i.e., it is because of its spiritual soul that the body made of matter becomes a living, human body; spirit and matter, in man, are not two natures united, but rather their union forms a single nature.
366 The Church teaches that every spiritual soul is created immediately by God - it is not "produced" by the parents - and also that it is immortal: it does not perish when it separates from the body at death, and it will be reunited with the body at the final Resurrection.235
367 Sometimes the soul is distinguished from the spirit: St. Paul for instance prays that God may sanctify his people "wholly", with "spirit and soul and body" kept sound and blameless at the Lord's coming.236 The Church teaches that this distinction does not introduce a duality into the soul.237 "Spirit" signifies that from creation man is ordered to a supernatural end and that his soul can gratuitously be raised beyond all it deserves to communion with God.238
368 The spiritual tradition of the Church also emphasizes the heart, in the biblical sense of the depths of one's being, where the person decides for or against God.239

230 Cf. Mt 16:25-26; Jn 15:13; Acts 2:41.
231 Cf. Mt 10:28; 26:38; Jn 12:27; 2 Macc 6:30.
232 Cf. 1 Cor 6:19-20; 15:44-45.
233 GS 14 § 1; cf. Dan 3:57-80.
234 Cf. Council of Vienne (1312): DS 902.
235 Cf. Pius XII, Humani Generis: DS 3896; Paul VI, CPG § 8; Lateran Council V (1513): DS 1440.
236 1 Thess 5:23.
237 Cf. Council of Constantinople IV (870): DS 657.
238 Cf. Vatican Council I, Dei Filius: DS 3005; GS 22 § 5; Humani Generis: DS 3891.
239 Cf. Jer 31:33; Deut 6:5; 29:3; Isa 29:13; Ezek 36:26; Mt 6:21; Lk 8:15; Rom 5:5.
Catechism of the Catholic Church. Part One: The Profession of Faith. Section Two: The Profession of the Christian Faith. Chapter One: I Believe in God the Father. Article I: “I Believe in God the Father Almighty, Creator of Heaven and Earth”. Paragraph 6. Man

After reading the text of the Catechism, we see that one time “the soul is a human life”, the second time “the soul is entire human person”, the third time “the soul is a spiritual principle”, for the fourth time “the soul is the form of the body”, etc. It is important to note that the “life”, “person”, “spiritual principle” and “form of the body” are completely different objects. “Person” is not the same as “life” and “spiritual principle”, and so on. The authors of the Catechism mixed all these unrelated objects into one chaotic mess which clearly indicates the disorder of logical thinking.

According to the authors of the Catechism, “sometimes the soul and spirit are different things” and sometimes are not. As we can clearly see, there is a total chaos and mess in the heads of the authors of the Catechism because the authors themselves do not understand “what, where and how”.
The text of the Catechism does not contain a clear, unambiguous definition of what is the “soul” and what is the “spirit”, and the most importantly – it does not explain what are the differences between the “soul” and the “spirit”, which means that the text of the Catechism is meaningless transfusion from a sieve.

Question #19: How the Christian Church will save our souls, if the Christian Church does not have a clue about what the “soul” is?



Chapter #20: Name of the Messiah

When Christians claim that the Bible prophesied the birth of the Messiah, this claim is based on the Isaiah 7:14.
However Isaiah 7:14 clearly states that the name of the Messiah will be “Immanuel” and neither “Jesus” nor “Christ”.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+1&version=ESV
21 She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.”
22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet:
23 “Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel” (which means, God with us).
Bible. Matthew 1:21-23

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+7&version=ESV
14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Bible. Isaiah 7:14

When you show to Christians that the Bible clearly says that the name of the Messiah will be “Immanuel” and neither “Jesus” nor “Christ”, the Christians begin to assert that the name “Immanuel” means “God with us”.
However, such assertion is off-topic, because all the names mean something, as for example, the name “Jesus” means “the Lord saves”, the name “Christ” means “anointed”, etc.
The meanings of the names have nothing to do with the fact that the expected Messiah must have the name Immanuel.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus
Etymology <...>
The name Jesus is derived from the Latin Iesus, a transliteration of the Greek Ἰησοῦς (Iesous). The Greek form is a rendering of the Hebrew ישוע‎ (Yeshua), a variant of the earlier name יהושע‎ (Yehoshua), in English "Joshua". <...>
The etymology of Jesus' name in the context of the New Testament is generally given as "Yahweh is salvation".<...>
The word Christ is derived from the Greek Χριστός (Christos), which is a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Meshiakh), meaning the "anointed" and usually transliterated into English as "Messiah".
Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_messiah_claimants
List of messiah claimants
This is a list of people who have been said to be a messiah, either by themselves or by their followers. The list is divided into categories, which are sorted according to date of birth (where known).

Jewish messiah claimants
In Judaism, "messiah" originally meant a divinely appointed king, such as David, Cyrus the Great or Alexander the Great. Later, especially after the failure of the Hasmonean Kingdom (37 BC) and the Jewish–Roman wars (AD 66-135), the figure of the Jewish Messiah was one who would deliver the Jews from oppression and usher in an Olam Haba ("world to come") or Messianic Age. However the term “false messiah” was largely absent from rabbinic literature. The first mention is in the Sefer Zerubbabel, from the mid-seventh century, which uses the term, mashiah sheker, (“false messiah”). The false messiah is known as Armilus.

   ● Simon of Peraea (c. Unknown – 4 BCE), a former slave of Herod the Great who rebelled and was killed by the Romans.
   ● Jesus of Nazareth (c. 5 BCE – 30 CE), leader of a Jewish sect who was crucified by the Romans at the instigation of Jewish leaders; Jews who believed him to be the Messiah were the first Christians, also known as Jewish Christians. Muslims, Christians and Messianic Jews believe him to be the real Messiah.
   ● Athronges (c. 3 CE), a shepherd turned rebel leader.
   ● Simon bar Kokhba (died c. 135), founded a short-lived Jewish state before being defeated in the Second Jewish-Roman War.
   ● Moses of Crete, who in about 440–470 persuaded the Jews of Crete to walk into the sea, as Moses had done, to return to Israel. The results were disastrous and he soon disappeared.
   ● Ishak ben Ya'kub Obadiah Abu 'Isa al-Isfahani (684–705), who led a revolt in Persia against the Umayyad Caliph 'Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan.
   ● David Alroy, born in Kurdistan, who around 1160 agitated against the caliph before being assassinated.
   ● Moses Botarel of Cisneros, active around 1413; claimed to be a sorcerer able to combine the names of God.
   ● Asher Lämmlein, a German near Venice who proclaimed himself a forerunner of the Messiah in 1502.
   ● David Reubeni (1490–1541?) and Solomon Molcho (1500–1532), messianic adventurers who travelled in Portugal, Italy and Turkey; Molcho, who was a baptised Catholic, was tried by the Inquisition, convicted of apostasy and burned at the stake.
   ● Sabbatai Zevi (1626–1676), an Ottoman Jew who claimed to be the Messiah, but then converted to Islam; still has followers today in the Donmeh.
   ● Jacob Querido (?–1690), claimed to be the new incarnation of Sabbatai; later converted to Islam and led the Donmeh.
   ● Miguel Cardoso (1630–1706), another successor of Sabbatai who claimed to be the "Messiah ben Ephraim."
   ● Löbele Prossnitz (?–1750), attained some following amongst former followers of Sabbatai, calling himself the "Messiah ben Joseph."
   ● Jacob Joseph Frank (1726–1791), who claimed to be the reincarnation of King David and preached a synthesis of Christianity and Judaism.

Christian messiah claimants
Verses in the Christian Bible tell that Jesus will come again in some fashion; various people have claimed to, in fact, be the second coming of Jesus. Others have been styled a new messiah still under the umbrella of Christianity. The Synoptic gospels (Matthew 24:4, 6, 24; Mark 13:5, 21-22; and Luke 21:3) all use the term pseudochristos for messianic pretenders. There is the concept of the Antichrist, or Antichrists, false messiahs.

   ● Simon Magus (early 1st century), was a Samaritan, and a native of Gitta; he was considered a god in Simonianism; he "darkly hinted" that he himself was Christ, calling himself the Standing One.
   ● Dositheos the Samaritan (mid 1st century), was one of the supposed founders of Mandaeanism. After the time of Jesus he wished to persuade the Samaritans that he himself was the Messiah prophesied by Moses. Dositheus pretended to be the Christ (Messiah), applying Deuteronomy 18:15 to himself, and he compares him with Theudas and Judas the Galilean.
   ● Tanchelm of Antwerp (c. 1110), who violently opposed the sacrament and the Eucharist.
   ● Ann Lee (1736–1784), a central figure to the Shakers, who thought she "embodied all the perfections of God" in female form and considered herself to be Christ’s female counterpart in 1772.
   ● Bernhard Müller (c. 1799–1834) claimed to be the Lion of Judah and a prophet in possession of the Philosopher's stone.
   ● John Nichols Thom (1799–1838), who had achieved fame and followers as Sir William Courtenay and adopted the claim of Messiah after a period in a mental institute.
   ● Arnold Potter (1804–1872), Latter Day Saint schismatic leader; called himself "Potter Christ"
   ● Hong Xiuquan (1814–1864), Hakka Chinese; claimed himself to be the younger brother of Jesus Christ; started the Taiping Rebellion and founded the Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace. Committed suicide before the fall of Tianjing (Nanjing) in 1864.
   ● Mirza Husayn 'Ali Nuri, Bahá'u'lláh (1817–1864), born Shiite, adopting Bábism later in life, he claimed to be the promised one of all religions, and founded the Bahá'í Faith.
   ● Jacobina Mentz Maurer (1841 or 1842-1874) was a German-Brazilian woman who lived and died in the state of Rio Grande do Sul who emerged as a messianic prophetess, a representation of God, and later declared the very reincarnation of Jesus Christ on earth by her German-speaking community called Die Muckers (or the false saints) by her enemies, Die Spotters (or the mockers). After a number of deadly confrontations with outsiders, Jacobina was shot to death together with many of her followers by the Brazilian Imperial Army.
   ● William W. Davies (1833–1906), Latter Day Saint (Mormon) schismatic leader; claimed that his infant son Arthur (born 1868) was the reincarnated Jesus Christ.
   ● Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian, India (1835–1908), claimed to be the awaited Mahdi as well as (Second Coming) and likeness of Jesus the promised Messiah at the end of time, being the only person in Islamic history who claimed to be both. He claimed to be Jesus in the metaphorical sense; in character. He founded the Ahmadiyya Movement in 1889 envisioning it to be the rejuvenation of Islam, and claimed to be commissioned by God for the reformation of mankind. He declared that Jesus survived crucifixion and died a natural death having migrated towards the east.
   ● Cyrus Reed Teed (October 18, 1839 - December 22, 1908, erroneously Cyrus Tweed) was a U.S. eclectic physician and alchemist turned religious leader and messiah. In 1869, claiming divine inspiration, Dr. Teed took on the name Koresh and proposed a new set of scientific and religious ideas he called Koreshanity.
   ● Father Divine (George Baker) (c. 1880 – September 10, 1965), an African American spiritual leader from about 1907 until his death who claimed to be God.
   ● André Matsoua (1899–1942), Congolese founder of Amicale, proponents of which subsequently adopted him as Messiah in the late 1920s.
   ● Samael Aun Weor (1917–1977), born Víctor Manuel Gómez Rodríguez, Colombian citizen and later Mexican, was an author, lecturer and founder of the 'Universal Christian Gnostic Movement', according to him, 'the most powerful movement ever founded'. By 1972, he referenced that his death and resurrection would be occurring before 1978.
   ● Ahn Sahng-hong (1918–1985), founder of the World Mission Society Church of God and worshiped by the members as the messiah.
Sun Myung Moon (1920–2012), founder and leader of the Unification Church established in Seoul, South Korea, who considered himself the Second Coming of Christ, but not Jesus himself. Although it is generally believed by Unification Church members ("Moonies") that he was the Messiah and the Second Coming of Christ and was anointed to fulfill Jesus' unfinished mission.
   ● Yahweh ben Yahweh (1935–2007), born as Hulon Mitchell, Jr., a black nationalist and separatist who created the Nation of Yahweh and allegedly orchestrated the murder of dozens of persons.
   ● Laszlo Toth (1940-2012) claimed he was Jesus Christ as he battered Michelangelo's Pieta with a geologist hammer.
   ● Wayne Bent (born 1941), also known as Michael Travesser of the Lord Our Righteousness Church, also known as the "Strong City Cult", convicted December 15, 2008 of one count of criminal sexual contact of a minor and two counts of contributing to the delinquency of a minor in 2008.
   ● Iesu Matayoshi (born 1944), in 1997 he established the World Economic Community Party based on his conviction that he is God and the Christ.
   ● Jung Myung Seok (born 1945), a South Korean who was a member of the Unification Church in the 1970s, before breaking off to found the dissenting group now known as Providence Church in 1980. He also considers himself the Second Coming of Christ, but not Jesus himself in 1980. He believes he has come to finish the incomplete message and mission of Jesus Christ, asserting that he is the Messiah and has the responsibility to save all mankind. He claims that the Christian doctrine of resurrection is false but that people can be saved through him.
   ● Claude Vorilhon now known as Raël "messenger of the Elohim" (born 1946), a French professional test driver and former automobile journalist became founder and leader of UFO religion the Raël Movement in 1972, which teaches that life on Earth was scientifically created by a species of extraterrestrials, which they call Elohim. He claimed he met an extraterrestrial humanoid in 1973 and became the Messiah. Then devoted himself to the task he said was given by his "biological father", an extraterrestrial named Yahweh.
   ● José Luis de Jesús (1946–2013), founder and leader of Creciendo en Gracia sect (Growing In Grace International Ministry, Inc.), based in Miami, Florida. He claimed to be both Jesus Christ returned and the Antichrist, and exhibited a "666" tattoo on his forearm. He has referred to himself as Jesucristo Hombre, which translates to "Jesus Christ made Man".
   ● Inri Cristo (born 1948) of Indaial, Brazil, a claimant to be the second Jesus.
   ● Apollo Quiboloy (born 1950), founder and leader of the Kingdom of Jesus Christ religious group, who claims that Jesus Christ is the "Almighty Father," that Quiboloy is "His Appointed Son," and that salvation is now completed. Proclaims himself as the "Appointed Son of the God" not direct to the point as the "Begotten Son of the God" in 1985.
   ● David Icke (born 1952), of Great Britain, has described himself as "the son of God", and a "channel for the Christ spirit".
   ● Brian David Mitchell was born on October 18, 1953 in Salt Lake City, Utah, he believed himself the fore-ordained angel born on earth to be the Davidic "servant" prepared by God as a type of Messiah who would restore the divinely led kingdom of Israel to the world in preparation for Christ's second coming. (Mitchell's belief in such an end-times figure – also known among many fundamentalist Latter Day Saints as "the One Mighty and Strong" – appeared to be based in part on a reading of the biblical book of Isaiah by the independent LDS Hebraist, Avraham Gileadi, with which Mitchell became familiar from his former participation with Stirling Allan's American Study Group.)
   ● David Koresh (Vernon Wayne Howell) (1959–1993), leader of the Branch Davidians.
   ● Maria Devi Christos (born 1960), founder of the Great White Brotherhood.
   ● Sergey Torop (born 1961), who started to call himself "Vissarion", founder of the Church of the Last Testament and the spiritual community Ecopolis Tiberkul in Southern Siberia.
   ● Alan John Miller (born 1962), founder of Divine Truth, a new religious movement based in Australia. Alan John Miller, also known as A.J., who claims to be Jesus of Nazareth through reincarnation. Miller was formerly an elder in the Jehovah's Witnesses.
   ● David Shayler (born 1965), former MI5 agent and whistleblower who declared himself the Messiah on 7 July 2007.

Muslim messiah claimants
Islamic tradition has a prophecy of the Mahdi, who will come alongside the return of Isa (Jesus). There is also a prophecy of the Masih ad-Dajjal, a false messiah.

   ● Muhammad Jaunpuri (1443–1505), who traveled Northeastern India; he influenced the Mahdavia and the Zikris.
   ● Báb (1819–1850), who declared himself to be the promised Mahdi in Shiraz, Iran in 1844. (Related to Baha'i claims.)
   ● Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835–1908) of Qadian, 'the Promised Messiah' return of Jesus as well as the 'Mahdi', founder of the Ahmadiyya religious movement. He preached that Jesus Christ had survived crucifixion and died a natural death. He was the only person in Islamic history to have claimed to be both the promised return of Jesus as well as the promised Mahdi.
   ● Muhammad Ahmad ("The Mad Mahdi") (1844–1885), who declared himself the Mahdi in 1881, defeated the Ottoman Egyptian authority, and founded a short-lived empire in Sudan.
   ● Sayyid Mohammed Abdullah Hassan (1864–1920), who led the Dervish State in present-day Somalia in a two-decade long resistance movement between 1900 and 1920.
   ● Rashad Khalifa (1935–1990), an Egyptian-American biochemist who claimed that he had discovered a mathematical code in the text of the Qur'an involving the number 19; he later claimed to be the "Messenger of the Covenant" and founded the "Submitters International" movement before being murdered.
   ● Juhayman al-Otaibi (1936–1980), who seized the Grand Mosque in Mecca in November 1979 and declared his son-in-law the Mahdi.

Other/combination messiah claimants
This list features people who are said, either by themselves or their followers, to be some form of a messiah that do not easily fit into only Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

   ● Haile Selassie of Ethiopia (1892–1975), Messiah of the Rastafari movement. Never claimed himself to be Messiah, but was thus proclaimed by Leonard Howell, amongst others.
   ● André Matsoua (1899–1942), Congolese founder of Amicale, proponents of which subsequently adopted him as Messiah.
   ● Samael Aun Weor (1917–1977), born Víctor Manuel Gómez Rodríguez, Colombian citizen and later Mexican, was an author, lecturer and founder of the 'Universal Christian Gnostic Movement', according to him, 'the most powerful movement ever founded'. By 1972, Samael Aun Weor referenced that his death and resurrection would be occurring before 1978.
   ● Nirmala Srivastava (1923–2011), guru and goddess of Sahaja Yoga, proclaimed herself to be the Comforter promised by Jesus (that is, the incarnation of the Holy Ghost / Adi Shakti).
   ● Jose Luis de Jesus Miranda (born 1946 - died 2013), a Puerto Rican preacher who had claimed to be both "the Man Jesus Christ" and the Antichrist at the same time. He claimed he was indwelled with the same spirit that dwelled in Jesus, however, Miranda also contradicted his claims of being Christ incarnate by also claiming he was the Antichrist, even going as far as tattooing the number of the beast (666) on his forearm, a behavior his followers also adopted. Founder of the "Growing in Grace" ministries, Miranda died on August 14, 2013 due to liver cancer.
   ● Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi (born 25 November 1941) is a spiritual leader and the founder of the spiritual movements Messiah Foundation International (MFI) and Anjuman Serfaroshan-e-Islam. He is controversial for being declared the Mehdi, Messiah, and Kalki Avatar by the MFI.
   ● Raël, leader of the International Raëlian Movement (born 30 September 1946); Rael claimed he met an extraterrestrial being in 1973 and became the Messiah.
   ● World Teacher (unknown), a being claimed to be the Theosophical Maitreya and the Messiah (promised one) of all religions. He is said to have descended from the higher planes and manifested a physical body in early 1977 in the Himalayas, then on 19 July 1977 he is said to have taken a commercial airplane flight from Pakistan to England. He is currently said to be living in secret in London; promoted by New Age activist Benjamin Creme and his organization, Share International (See Maitreya (Benjamin Creme)).
   ● Ryuho Okawa (born 7 July 1956), is the founder of Happy Science in Japan. Okawa claims to channel the spirits of Muhammad, Christ, Buddha and Confucius and claims to be the incarnation of the supreme spiritual being called El Cantare.
Wikipedia

Question #20: When the true-Messiah-Immanuel will come, what Immanuel will do with the impostor-false-Messiah-Jesus-Christ?



Chapter #21: The list of saints and getting into the Heaven

Christians claim that all people, who are listed in the list of saints, have passed into the Heaven.
It is important to note that different Christian denominations have different lists of saints, and those lists are different from each other.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_saints
List of saints
This article is about Christian saints after AD 450. <...>
This is an incomplete list of Christian saints in alphabetical order by Christian name, but, where known and given, a surname, location, or personal attribute (included as part of the name) may affect the ordering.
One list says there are 810 canonized Roman Catholic saints (who have been through the formal institutional process of canonization), although some give numbers in the thousands. (Pope John Paul II alone canonized 110 individuals, plus many group canonizations such as 110 martyr saints of China, 103 Korean martyrs, 117 Vietnamese martyrs, Mexican Martyrs, Spanish martyrs and French revolutionary martyrs.) Among the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Communions, the numbers may be even higher, since there is no fixed process of "canonization" and each individual jurisdiction within the two Orthodox communions independently maintains parallel lists of saints that have only partial overlap. Note that 78 popes are considered saints.
The Anglican Communion have only ever canonized one saint—King Charles I of England (see Society of King Charles the Martyr). However, it recognizes pre-Reformation saints, as does the United Methodist Church. Persons who have led lives of celebrated sanctity or missionary zeal are included in the Calendar of the Prayer Book "without thereby enrolling or commending such persons as saints of the Church". Similarly, any individuals commemorated in the Lutheran calendar of saints will be listed as well.
Wikipedia contains calendars of saints for particular denominations, listed by the day of the year on which they are traditionally venerated, as well as a chronological list of saints and blesseds, listed by their date of death.

Christian saints since AD 450

Saint Date of birth Date of death Date of canonization Anglican Oriental Orthodox Eastern Orthodox Roman Catholic total
Abadiu of Antinoe
4th century

Yes Yes Yes 3
Abakuh
Unknown


Yes Yes 2
Abamun of Tarnut
372

Yes Yes Yes 3
Saint Phoenix
4th century

Yes

1
Abaskhayroun
3rd century

Yes

1
Abban of Magheranoidhe
c. 570



Yes 1
Abban of New Ross
7th century




0
Abban the Hermit
5th century



Yes 1
Abbo of Fleury 945 1004



Yes 1
Abdas of Susa
5th century




0
Abel of Reims
764




0
Saint Abib
5th century

Yes

1
Abo of Tiflis
786


Yes
1
Abraham the Coptic
360

Yes

1
Abraham of Rostov
1073-1077


Yes
1
Abraham of Scetes
399

Yes

1
Abraham of Smolensk
1222


Yes
1
Abraam Bishop of Faiyum 1829 1914

Yes

1
Abraham the Syrian
978

Yes

1
Abuna Aregawi
6th century




0
Abundius
469




0
Acacius of Amida
425



Yes 1
Acca of Hexham
742?
Yes

Yes 2
Achilleus Kewanuka 1869 1886




0
Adalbert of Prague 956 997



Yes 1
Adalgar
909



Yes 1
Adalgott
1165



Yes 1
Adamo Abate
1060 to 1070



Yes 1
Adelaide of Italy 931 999



Yes 1
Adelaide, Abbess of Vilich 970 1015



Yes 1
Adelin (Adelhelm) of Séez
c. 910



Yes 1
Pope Adeodatus I
618


Yes Yes 2
Adomnán 624 704



Yes 1
Pope Adrian III
885



Yes 1
Afan
6th century
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Pope Agapitus I
536


Yes Yes 2
Agapetus of Pechersk
11th century


Yes
1
Agatha of Sicily
3rd century




0
Agatho of Alexandria
677

Yes

1
Pope Agatho
681


Yes Yes 2
Agnes
1253
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Agnes 1211 1282



Yes 1
Aidan
651
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Alban
disputed: 22 Jun 209, c. 251 or 304
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Alberic
1108



Yes 1
Alberic of Utrecht
784



Yes 1
Alberto Hurtado 22 Jan 1901 18 Aug 1952 23 Oct 2005


Yes 1
Albertus Magnus 1200 1280



Yes 1
Alda
c. 1309



Yes 1
Alcuin
804
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Pope Alexander of Alexandria
328

Yes

1
Alexandra of Hesse 1872 1918


Yes
1
Alexei of Russia 1904 1918


Yes
1
Alexis Falconieri 1200 1310



Yes 1
Alexis of Wilkes-Barre 1853 1909


Yes
1
Alice of Schaerbeek 1204 1250



Yes 1
Alypius the Stylite 522 640
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Alipy of the Caves
11th-12th century


Yes
1
Aloysius Gonzaga 1568 1591



Yes 1
Alphege 953 1012
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Alphonsa Muttathupandathu 1910 1946



Yes 1
Amand
675



Yes 1
Ambrose of Alexandria
250

Yes

1
Saint Ammon
357

Yes

1
Amphilochius of Pochayiv 27 Nov 1894 1 Jan 1971


Yes
1
Anastasius of Alexandria
616

Yes

1
Andronicus of Alexandria
622

Yes

1
Pope Anianus
82

Yes

1
Anastasia of Russia 1901 1918


Yes
1
Anastasius Sinaita
post 700


Yes Yes 2
André Bessette 9 Aug 1845 6 Jan 1937 17 Oct 2010


Yes 1
Andrei the Iconographer
c. 1430


Yes
1
Andrew Bobola 1591 1657



Yes 1
Andrew of Constantinople
936


Yes
1
Andrew of Crete
8th century


Yes Yes 2
Andrew Dung-Lac 1795 1839



Yes 1
Angela Merici 1474 1540



Yes 1
Anna
1st century


Yes
1
Anne Line 1563 1601



Yes 1
Anselm of Canterbury
1109
Yes

Yes 2
Ansgar
865
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Anthony the Great
356

Yes Yes Yes 3
Anthony of Kiev
1073


Yes
1
Anthony of Padua
1231



Yes 1
Anthony Galvão 1739 1822



Yes 1
Anthony Mary Claret 1807 1870



Yes 1
Antoine Daniel
1648



Yes 1
Saint Aphrodisius
65

Yes
Yes 2
Saint Apollo
5th century

Yes

1
Apollonia
249

Yes

1
Saint Apollos
1st century

Yes

1
Saint Aprax
4th century

Yes

1
Arnold Janssen
1909



Yes 1
Arnulf of Metz
640



Yes 1
Athanasius of Alexandria
373

Yes

1
Augustine of Canterbury
604
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Avitus of Vienne
523



Yes 1
Avilius of Alexandria
95

Yes

1
Baldred of Tyninghame
757
Yes

Yes 2
Barbatus of Benevento
682


Yes Yes 2
Saint Barsanuphius
540

Yes

1
Basil the Great
379

Yes Yes Yes 3
Basil the Fool for Christ
1552 or 1557


Yes
1
Basil of Ostrog
1671


Yes
1
Beatrix d'Este
1262



Yes 1
The Venerable Bede
735
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Benedetta Cambiagio Frassinello 1791 1858



Yes 1
Benedict of Aniane
747


Yes Yes 2
Benedict of Nursia
543
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Benedict of Jesus
1934



Yes 1
Pope Benedict II
685


Yes Yes 2
Benedict the Moor
1589



Yes 1
Benedict Joseph Labre
1783



Yes 1
Berlinda of Meerbeke
702



Yes 1
Bernadette Soubirous 7 Jan 1844 16 Apr 1879 1933


Yes 1
Bernard of Clairvaux
1153
Yes

Yes 2
Bernard Due Van Vo
1838



Yes 1
Bernard of Menthon
1008



Yes 1
Bernardo Tolomei
1348



Yes 1
Bernardino of Siena
1444



Yes 1
Birinus
649
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Bonaventure of Bagnoregio
1274



Yes 1
Boniface
754
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Pope Boniface IV
608


Yes Yes 2
Boris I
2 May 907


Yes
1
Saint Botolph
680
Yes

Yes 2
Brendan of Birr
c. 573


Yes Yes 2
Brendan the Navigator
c. 578


Yes Yes 2
Bridget of Sweden
23 Jul 1373
Yes4

Yes 2
Brigid of Kildare
525
Yes4
Yes Yes 3
Brioc
6th century



Yes 1
Bruno of Cologne
1101



Yes 1
Bruno of Querfurt
1009


Yes Yes 2
Bruno of Segni
1123



Yes 1
Budoc of Dol
7th century
Yes

Yes 2
Caesarius of Arles
542



Yes 1
Cajetan
1547



Yes 1
Camillus de Lellis
1614



Yes 1
Saint Candidus
287

Yes

1
Canute IV of Denmark
1086



Yes 1
Carantoc
6th century
Yes

Yes 2
Casimir
1484



Yes 1
Catald
c. 8th century



Yes 1
Catherine the Great
305

Yes

1
Catherine of Bologna
1463



Yes 1
Catherine of Genoa
1510



Yes 1
Catherine Laboure
c. 1806



Yes 1
Catherine of Ricci
1590



Yes 1
Catherine of Siena
1380
Yes

Yes 2
Catherine of Vadstena
1381



Yes 1
Cedd
664
Yes

Yes 2
Celadion of Alexandria
166

Yes

1
Celestine V
1296



Yes 1
Cettin
5th century



Yes 1
Chad of Mercia
672
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Charbel
1898



Yes 1
Saint Charles de Chattilon 1319 1364 IV


Yes 1
Charles I of England
1649
Yes


1
Charles of Mount Argus 1821 1893



Yes 1
Christopher
c. 251


Yes Yes 2
Christina the Astonishing
1224



Yes 1
Chrysanthus
283

Yes

1
Ciarán of Clonmacnoise
546
Yes

Yes 2
Ciarán of Saighir
c. 530



Yes 1
Clare of Assisi
1253
Yes

Yes 2
Clare of Montefalco
1308



Yes 1
Claudus Corrius II
1253
Yes

Yes 2
Clement of Alexandria
215

Yes

1
Clement of Ohrid
17 Jul 960


Yes
1
Saint Cleopatra
327

Yes

1
Clodoald
c. 560



Yes 1
Clotilde
545



Yes 1
Colette
1447



Yes 1
Columba
597
Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
Columbanus
615


Yes Yes 2
Comgall
597 or 602
Yes

Yes 2
Congar
520
Yes

Yes 2
Conrad of Parzham
1894



Yes 1
Conrad of Piacenza
1351



Yes 1
Constantine of Murom
1129


Yes
1
Pope Cosmas
730

Yes

1
Pope Cosmas II
858

Yes

1
Pope Cosmas III
933

Yes

1
Cosmas of Maiuma
8th century

Yes Yes
2
Cristóbal Magallanes Jara 1869 1927



Yes 1
Cunigunde of Luxemburg
1033



Yes 1
Cuthbert of Lindisfarne
687
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Cuthbert Mayne
1577



Yes 1
Cynllo
6th century
Yes

Yes 2
Cyriacus the Anchorite
557


Yes
1
Cyrus the Coptic
304

Yes

1
Cyril, teacher of the Slavs
869
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Pope Cyril I the Pillar of Faith
444

Yes

1
Pope Cyril II
1092

Yes

1
Pope Cyril III
1243

Yes

1
Pope Cyril IV
1861

Yes

1
Pope Cyril V
1927

Yes

1
Pope Cyril VI the Great 8 Aug 1902 9 Mar 1971

Yes

1
King Dagobert II
679



Yes 1
Damian of Alexandria
4th century

Yes

1
Damien of Molokai
18 Apr 1889



Yes 1
Saint Dasya
3rd century

Yes

1
Saint Daydara
4th century

Yes

1
Daniel Comboni
1881



Yes 1
Danilo II
14th century


Yes
1
David (Dewi) of Wales
c. 589
Yes
Yes Yes 3
David Lewis
1679



Yes 1
Declan
5th century


Yes Yes 2
Pope Demetrius
232

Yes

1
Saint Demiana the Great
302

Yes

1
Desiderius of Fontenelle
c. 700



Yes 1
Desiderius of Vienne
607



Yes 1
Deusdedit of Canterbury
664
Yes

Yes 2
Didier (Desiderius) of Cahors
655



Yes 1
Didymus the Blind
398

Yes Yes
2
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
1945
Yes


1
Dimitry of Rostov 1651 1709


Yes
1
Pope Dioscorus
454

Yes

1
Dionysius of Alexandria
250

Yes

1
Saint Doherty
579


Yes Yes 2
Dominic de Guzman
1221
Yes

Yes 2
Dominic de la Calzada
1109



Yes 1
Dominic Loricatus
1060



Yes 1
Dominic Savio
1857



Yes 1
Dorothea of Alexandria
320

Yes

1
Dorotheus of Gaza
6th-7th century


Yes Yes 2
Douai Martyrs
c. 1568-1668



Yes 1
Drogo of Sebourg
1105



Yes 1
Dunstan
988
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Dymphna
7th century


Yes Yes 2
Eanflæd
704



Yes 1
Eanswythe of Kent
640
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Edburga of Bicester
7th century


Yes Yes 2
Edburga of Minster-in-Thanet
8th century



Yes 1
Edith Stein 1891 1942



Yes 1
Editha 961 15 Sep 984
Yes

Yes 2
Edmund Arrowsmith
1628



Yes 1
Edmund Campion
1581



Yes 1
Edmund of East Anglia
869
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Edward the Confessor
1066
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Edward the Martyr
978 or 979
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Edwin of Northumbria
633
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Egbert of Northumbria
729
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Eligius
659 or 660


Yes Yes 2
Elisabeth of Hungary
1231
Yes

Yes 2
Elizabeth of Portugal
1336



Yes 1
Elizabeth of Russia 1864 1918


Yes
1
Elizabeth Ann Seton
1821



Yes 1
Emeric of Hungary
1031



Yes 1
Emma of Lesum
1308



Yes 1
Emma of Ludger
1050


Yes Yes 2
Emmeram of Regensburg
652



Yes 1
Emmelia
375


Yes
1
Enda of Aran
530



Yes 1
Engelbert of Cologne
1225



Yes 1
Erbin
5th century



Yes 1
Erentrude
710



Yes 1
Ermengol
1035



Yes 1
Ermenilda of Ely
700 or 703



Yes 1
Æthelberht of Kent
616


Yes Yes 2
Etheldreda of Ely
679
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Pope Eugene I
657

Yes Yes Yes 3
Eugene de Mazenod
1861



Yes 1
Eulogius of Alexandria
608

Yes Yes Yes 3
Eulogius of Córdoba
859



Yes 1
Pope Eumenes
141

Yes

1
Euphemia
303




0
Euphrosyne of Alexandria
5th century

Yes

1
Euphrosyne of Polatsk
1173


Yes Yes 2
Eustochia Smeralda Calafato
1485



Yes 1
Euthymius the Great
473


Yes Yes 2
Eysteinn Erlendsson
1188



Yes 1
Fachanan
c. 600



Yes 1
Faro
675



Yes 1
Faustina 25 Aug 1905 5 Oct 1938 30 Apr 2000


Yes 1
Saint Faustus
250

Yes

1
Feichin
c. 660
Yes

Yes 2
Saint Felix
286

Yes

1
Pope Felix III
492


Yes Yes 2
Pope Felix IV
530


Yes Yes 2
Ferdinand III of Castile
1252



Yes 1
Ferréol of Uzès
581


Yes Yes 2
Fiacre
670?



Yes 1
Fidelis of Sigmarengen
1622



Yes 1
Filan
Unknown
Yes

Yes 2
Finbarr
620
Yes

Yes 2
Florentina
c. 612



Yes 1
Franca Visalta
1218



Yes 1
Francesca






0
Frances Cabrini 1850 1917



Yes 1
Frances of Rome
1440



Yes 1
Francis of Assisi
1226
Yes

Yes 2
Francis Caracciolo
1608



Yes 1
Francis of Paola
1507



Yes 1
Francis de Sales
1622
Yes

Yes 2
Francis Xavier
1552
Yes4

Yes 2
Frei Galvão 1739 1822



Yes 1
Frideswide
c. 735
Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
Fructuosus of Braga
665



Yes 1
Fulgentius of Cartagena
7th century



Yes 1
Pope Gabriel I
921

Yes

1
Pope Gabriel II
1145

Yes

1
Pope Gabriel III
1270

Yes

1
Pope Gabriel IV
1478

Yes

1
Pope Gabriel V
1427

Yes

1
Pope Gabriel VI
1475

Yes

1
Pope Gabriel VII
1569

Yes

1
Pope Gabriel VIII
1603

Yes

1
Gaetano Errico
1860



Yes 1
Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows
1862



Yes 1
Gal I, Bishop of Clermont
c. 553



Yes 1
Gall
c. 646


Yes Yes 2
Saint Gallicanus
363

Yes

1
Gaspar del Bufalo
1837



Yes 1
Gaudentius of Ossero
1044


Yes Yes 2
Pope Gelasius I
492

Yes Yes Yes 3
Pope Gelasius II
c. 1058 29 Jan 1119


Yes 1
Gelert
7th century
Yes

Yes 2
Gemma Galgani 1878 1903



Yes 1
Genesius of Clermont
c. 662



Yes 1
Genevieve
512


Yes Yes 2
Saint George the Great
303
Yes Yes
Yes 3
George Preca 12 Feb 1880 26 Jul 1962 3 Jun 2007


Yes 1
St. George El Mozahem
969

Yes

1
Gerasimus of Jordan
5th century


Yes Yes 2
Gerard of Lunel
1298



Yes 1
Saint Gereon
304

Yes

1
Gerulfus 740 c. 740



Yes 1
Gianna Beretta Molla 4 Oct 1922 28 Apr 1962 16 May 2004


Yes 1
Ghislain
680



Yes 1
Saint Gilbert of Sempringham
1083



Yes 1
Gilbert de Moravia
1245



Yes 1
Gilbert of Meaux
1015



Yes 1
Giovanni da Capistrano
1456



Yes 1
Goar of Aquitaine
6 Jul 649



Yes 1
Godric of Finchale
1170



Yes 1
Gonsalo Garcia
1597



Yes 1
Godehard (Gotthard) of Hildesheim
1038


Yes Yes 2
Gratus of Aosta
c. 470



Yes 1
Gregorio Barbarigo
1697



Yes 1
Gregory Palamas
1359


Yes Yes6 1.5
Gregory of Tours
594

Yes Yes Yes 3
Pope Gregory I
604
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Pope Gregory II 669 11 Feb 731


Yes Yes 2
Pope Gregory III
28 Nov 741


Yes Yes 2
Pope Gregory VII c. 1020 25 May 1085



Yes 1
Grellan
5th century



Yes 1
Gunther of Bohemia
1045



Yes 1
Saint Guinefort
13th century




0
Hallvard Vebjørnsson
1043



Yes 1
Hedwig of Andechs
1243



Yes 1
Helena of Constantinople
330
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Helena of Skövde
1160(?)



Yes 1
Helier
555
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor
1024



Yes 1
Herman of Valaam
10th-15th century


Yes
1
Herman of Alaska
1837


Yes
1
Hervé
556



Yes 1
Pope Hilarius
468

Yes Yes Yes 3
Hilda of Whitby
680
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Hildebrand
1085



Yes 1
Hildegard of Bingen
1179
Yes

Yes 2
Pope Hormisdas
523

Yes Yes Yes 3
Hubertus
727


Yes Yes 2
Hugh of Lincoln
1200
Yes

Yes 2
Hyacinth
1257



Yes 1
Hyacintha Mariscotti
1640



Yes 1
Ioann of Russia 1886 1918


Yes
1
Illuminata
320




0
Ignatius Loyola
1556
Yes4

Yes 2
Innocent of Alaska
1879


Yes
1
Innocencio of Mary Immaculate
1934



Yes 1
Ignatius of Laconi
1781



Yes 1
Igor of Russia 1894 1918


Yes
1
Irene of Lesvos
1463


Yes
1
Isaac Jogues
1646

Yes Yes Yes 3
Isaac of Nineveh
700


Yes
1
Isabel of France
1270



Yes 1
Isfrid of Ratzeburg
1204



Yes 1
Isidore of Seville c. 560 4 Apr 636 1598


Yes 1
Isidore the Laborer
1130



Yes 1
Íte of Killeedy
570


Yes Yes 2
Ivo of Kermartin
1303



Yes 1
Jacobo Kyushei Tomonaga
1633



Yes 1
Jadwiga of Poland
1399



Yes 1
James of the Marches
1476



Yes 1
Jean Vianney
1859



Yes 1
Jean de Brebeuf
1649



Yes 1
Joan of Arc 1412 1431



Yes 1
Joaquina Vedruna de Mas
1854



Yes 1
Job of Pochayiv
1651


Yes
1
Pope John I
526


Yes Yes 2
Pope John XXIII 25 Nov 1881 3 Jun 1963 27 Apr 2014


Yes 1
John Baptist de La Salle
1719



Yes 1
John Bosco
1888



Yes 1
John Cantius
1473



Yes 1
John Climacus
606

Yes Yes Yes 3
John of the Cross
1591
Yes

Yes 2
John of Damascus
749
Yes4 Yes Yes Yes 4
John Fisher
1535



Yes 1
John Macias
1645



Yes 1
John Maron
707



Yes 1
John of Matha
1213



Yes 1
John of Nepomuk
1393



Yes 1
John Neumann
1860



Yes 1
John Ogilvie
1615



Yes 1
Pope John Paul II 18 May 1920 2 Apr 2005 27 Apr 2014


Yes 1
John Rigby
1600



Yes 1
John of Shanghai and San Francisco 4 Jun 1896 2 Jul 1966


Yes
1
John of Tobolsk
1715


Yes
1
John Vianney
1859



Yes 1
Josaphat Kuntsevych
1623



Yes 1
Josemaría Escrivá 9 Jan 1902 26 Jun 1975 6 Oct 2002


Yes 1
Józef Bilczewski
1923



Yes 1
Joseph Freinademetz 15 Apr 1852 28 Jan 1908 5 Oct 2003


Yes 1
Joseph of Cupertino
1663



Yes 1
Joseph Marchand
1835



Yes 1
Joseph Pignatelli
1811



Yes 1
Joseph Vaz 21 Apr 1651 16 Jan 1711 14 Jan 2015


Yes 1
Josephine Bakhita
1947



Yes 1
Josse (Judoc)
c. 668
Yes

Yes 2
Juan Diego
1548



Yes 1
Judoc (Josse)
c. 668
Yes

Yes 2
Juliana of Lazarevo
1604


Yes
1
Juliana of Nicomedia
~304


Yes Yes 2
Julian of Norwich
c. 1416
Yes

Yes 2
Juliana Falconieri
1270



Yes 1
Juliana of Cornillon
1193



Yes 1
Julie Billiart
1816



Yes 1
Justin de Jacobis
1800



Yes 1
Jutta of Kulmsee
1260



Yes 1
Kassia
867


Yes
1
Katharine Drexel 26 Nov 1858 3 Mar 1955 1 Oct 2000


Yes 1
Kea
early 6th century
Yes

Yes 2
Kessog
520
Yes

Yes 2
Kevin of Glendalough
618
Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
Kinga of Poland
1292



Yes 1
Kirill of Beloozero
1427


Yes
1
Konstantin of Russia 1891 1918


Yes
1
Ladislaus of Hungary
1095



Yes 1
Lambert of Maastricht
700



Yes 1
Laura of Cordoba
864



Yes 1
Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena 26 May 1874 21 Oct 1949 12 May 2013


Yes 1
Laurent-Marie-Joseph Imbert
1818



Yes 1
Lawrence
258
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Lazar of Serbia
1389


Yes
1
Leander of Seville
600 or 601



Yes 1
Leo the Great
461
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Pope Leo II
28 Jun 683


Yes Yes 2
Pope Leo III
12 Jun 816


Yes Yes 2
Pope Leo IV
855


Yes Yes 2
Pope Leo IX 21 Jun 1002 19 Apr 1054



Yes 1
Leodegar of Autun
679


Yes Yes 2
Leopold Mandic
1942



Yes 1
Lidwina of Schiedam
1433



Yes 1
Livinus of Ghent
657



Yes 1
Lorcán Ua Tuathail
1180



Yes 1
Lorenzo Ruiz
1637



Yes 1
Louis
1270



Yes 1
Louise de Marillac
1660



Yes 1
Lucy Yi Zhenmei
1862



Yes 1
Lucy of Syracuse
304
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Ludolph of Ratzeburg
1250



Yes 1
Luke the Evangelist
84



Yes 1
Lupus of Sens
623



Yes 1
Lutgardis
1246



Yes 1
Machar
6th century
Yes

Yes 2
Magdalen of Canossa
1835



Yes 1
Magdalene of Nagasaki
1634


Yes
1
Malachy
1148



Yes 1
Malo
621



Yes 1
Marcellin Champagnat
1840



Yes 1
Marcouf
588



Yes 1
Margaret the Barefooted
1395



Yes 1
Margaret Clitherow
1586



Yes 1
Margaret of Cortona
1297



Yes 1
Margaret of Hungary 1242 1271 1943


Yes 1
Margaret of Scotland (Queen)
1093
Yes

Yes 2
Margaret Ward
1588



Yes 1
Marguerite D'Youville
1771



Yes 1
Marguerite Marie Alacoque
1690



Yes 1
Maria Bernarda Bütler 1848 1924



Yes 1
Maria Crocifissa di Rosa
1855



Yes 1
Maria Goretti
1902



Yes 1
Maria Domenica Mazzarello
1881



Yes 1
Maria of Russia 1899 1918


Yes
1
Marianita de Jésus
1645



Yes 1
Marie-Eugénie de Jésus
1898



Yes 1
Mark of Ephesus
1444


Yes
1
Martin de Porres
1639



Yes 1
Pope Martin I
655

Yes Yes Yes 3
Martyr Saints of China
1648-1930



Yes 1
Martyrs of Thailand
1940



Yes 1
Mary of the Gael
525


Yes Yes 2
Mary MacKillop
1909 17 Oct 2010


Yes 1
Matthew I of Alexandria
1408

Yes

1
Maurontius of Douai
c. 700



Yes 1
Maximillian Kolbe
1941
Yes

Yes 2
Maximus of Turin
465


Yes Yes 2
Maximus the Confessor
662


Yes Yes 2
Maximus the Greek
1556


Yes
1
Methodius equal to the Apostles, teacher of the Slavs
885
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Michael Dinh-Hy Ho
1857



Yes 1
Michael de Sanctis
1625



Yes 1
Miguel Febres Cordero
1910



Yes 1
Milburga of Wenlock
715
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Modwen
7th century




0
Moninne
518


Yes Yes 2
Mother Maria
1945

Yes Yes
2
Narcisa de Jesus Martillo Moran
1869



Yes 1
Naum of Preslav
23 Dec 910


Yes
1
Nectan of Hartland
c. 510
Yes

Yes 2
Neot
c. 870


Yes Yes 2
Nicephorus of Constantinople
828


Yes Yes 2
Pope Nicholas I
867

Yes Yes Yes 3
Nicholas of Flüe
1487



Yes 1
Nicholas of Japan
1912


Yes
1
Nicholas of Lesvos
1463


Yes
1
Tsar Nicholas II 1868 1918


Yes
1
Nikola Tavelic
1391



Yes 1
Nikolai of Žica 4 Jan 1881 18 Mar 1956 24 May 2003

Yes
1
Nil Sorsky
1508


Yes
1
Nilus the Younger
1005


Yes Yes 2
Nimattullah Kassab Al-Hardini
1858



Yes 1
Noël Chabanel
1649



Yes 1
Norbert of Xanten
1134



Yes 1
Nothelm of Canterbury
739
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Nuno de Santa Maria Álvares Pereira
1431



Yes 1
Odile
720


Yes Yes 2
Odo of Cluny
942


Yes Yes 2
Olaf II of Norway
1030



Yes 1
Olga of Kiev
11 Jul 969


Yes
1
Olga of Russia 1895 1918


Yes
1
Opportuna of Montreuil
770



Yes 1
Oswald of Northumbria
642
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Osyth
653


Yes Yes 2
Ouen (Dado)
686


Yes Yes 2
Oliver Plunkett
1681




0
Paraskeva the Younger
11th century


Yes
1
Pope Paschal I
824


Yes Yes 2
Paschal Baylon
1592



Yes 1
Patrick
493 None Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
Pope Paul I
28 Jun 767


Yes Yes 2
Paul Chong Hasang
1839



Yes 1
Paul Miki
1597



Yes 1
Paul of the Cross
1775



Yes 1
Paulina of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus
1942



Yes 1
Paulinus of York
584
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Pavel of Taganrog
1879


Yes
1
Pedro Calungsod
1672



Yes 1
Peregrine Laziosi
1345



Yes 1
Peter the Aleut
c. 1815


Yes
1
Peter Canisius
1597



Yes 1
Peter of Capitolias
715


Yes Yes 2
Peter Chanel
1841



Yes 1
Peter Claver
1654



Yes 1
Peter Julian Eymard
1868



Yes 1
Petroc
564
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Petrus Canisius
1597



Yes 1
Philip of Agira
c. 5th century


Yes Yes 2
Philip Benizi de Damiani
1285



Yes 1
Philothei
1589


Yes
1
Photios of Constantinople
893


Yes
1
Pierre Borie
1838



Yes 1
Pio of Pietrelcina 25 May 1887 23 Sep 1968 16 Jun 2002


Yes 1
Piran
6th century


Yes Yes 2
Pope Pius I
154



Yes 1
Pope Pius V 17 Jan 1504 1 May 1572



Yes 1
Pius X
1914



Yes 1
Praejectus
676


Yes Yes 2
Prætextatus (Bishop of Rouen)
586



Yes 1
Pyr
6th century



Yes 1
Quinidius
579



Yes 1
Quintian
c. 525



Yes 1
Rabanus Maurus
856



Yes 1
Rainerius
c. 1160



Yes 1
Ralph Sherwin 1550 1581 1970


Yes 1
Raphael of Lesvos
1463


Yes
1
Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès
1914



Yes 1
Raphael Kalinowski
1907



Yes 1
Raphael of Brooklyn
1915


Yes
1
Raymond of Penafort
1275



Yes 1
Remigius of Reims (or Remy, Remi)
533


Yes Yes 2
Remigius of Rouen
771



Yes 1
René Goupil
1642



Yes 1
Richard of Chichester
1253
Yes

Yes 2
Rictrude
688



Yes 1
Rimbert of Turholt
888



Yes 1
Rita of Cascia
1457



Yes 1
Robert Bellarmine
1621



Yes 1
Roch
1376
Yes

Yes 2
Roger of Cannae
1129



Yes 1
Rognvald Kali Kolsson
1158



Yes 1
Romuald
1027


Yes Yes 2
Roque González de Santa Cruz
1628



Yes 1
Rosalia
1166



Yes 1
Rose of Lima
1617



Yes 1
Rose Venerini
1728



Yes 1
Sabbas the Sanctified
531/532


Yes Yes 2
Sadalberga
665



Yes 1
Saethryth
7th century


Yes
1
Salonius
5th century



Yes 1
Salvius
c. 580



Yes 1
Samson of Dol
6th century



Yes 1
Sava of Serbia
1236

Yes Yes
2
Scholastica
543


Yes Yes 2
Seaxburh of Ely
c. 699



Yes 1
Seraphina
1253


Yes
1
Seraphim of Sarov
1833


Yes
1
Sergei of Russia 1869 1918


Yes
1
Pope Sergius I
701

Yes Yes Yes 3
Sergius of Valaam
10th-14th century


Yes
1
Sergius of Radonezh
1392


Yes
1
Severinus of Noricum
482



Yes 1
Sharbel Makhluf
1898



Yes 1
Sigeberht of East Anglia
634
Yes


1
Pope Silverius
537

Yes Yes Yes 3
Simeon Mirotocivi
1199


Yes
1
Simeon Stylites
459

Yes Yes Yes 3
Simon the Tanner
late 10th century

Yes

1
Pope Simplicius
483


Yes Yes 2
Sophia of Slutsk
1612


Yes
1
Sophronius of Jerusalem
638


Yes
1
Stephen of Hungary
1038


Yes (from 2000) Yes 2
Stephen of Piperi
1697


Yes
1
Stylianos of Paphlagonia
c. 6th or 7th century


Yes
1
Swithun of Winchester
862
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Symeon Metaphrastes
10th century

Yes Yes
2
Symeon the New Theologian
1022


Yes
1
Pope Symmachus
514

Yes Yes Yes 3
Tekle Haymanot
c. 1313

Yes

1
Tarasios of Constantinople
806


Yes Yes 2
Tathan
c. 6th century




0
Tatiana of Russia 1897 1918


Yes
1
Teresa of Avila
1582
Yes

Yes 2
Teresa de los Andes 1900 1920



Yes 1
Théodore Guérin 2 Oct 1798 14 May 1856 15 Oct 2006


Yes 1
Theodore Romzha 14 Apr 1911 31 Oct 1947



Yes 1
Theodore the Studite
826

Yes Yes Yes 3
Theodosius of Kiev
1000 to 1100


Yes
1
Theophan the Recluse
1894


Yes
1
Theophanes the Confessor
810s


Yes Yes 2
Therese 1873 1897



Yes 1
Thomas Aquinas
1274
Yes

Yes 2
Thomas Becket
1170
Yes

Yes 2
Thomas More
1535
Yes4

Yes 2
Thorlak Thorhallsson (Þorlákur Þórhallsson)
23 Dec 1193



Yes 1
Tikhon of Moscow
1925


Yes
1
Turibius of Mongrovejo
1606



Yes 1
Tydfil
c. 480
Yes

Yes 2
Ubald
1160



Yes 1
Ulrich of Augsburg
973


Yes Yes 2
Urbicius
c. 805



Yes 1
Ursicinus of Saint-Ursanne
625



Yes 1
Ursmar
713



Yes 1
Ursula Ledóchowska 1865 1939



Yes 1
Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly
5 Oct 1929



Yes 1
Varvara Yakovleva
1918


Yes7
0.5
Venantius Fortunatus
c. 600 or 609



Yes 1
Veranus of Cavaillon (Véran)
590



Yes 1
Veronica of Milan
13 Jan 1497



Yes 1
Vicelinus
1154



Yes 1
Vicente Liem de la Paz
1773



Yes 1
Vincent Ferrer
1419



Yes 1
Vincent de Paul
1660
Yes

Yes 2
Vergilius of Salzburg
784



Yes 1
Virginia Centurione Bracelli
1651



Yes 1
Pope Vitalian
672


Yes Yes 2
Vietnamese Martyrs
from 1533 to present



Yes 1
Vitalis of Assisi
1370



Yes 1
Vitonus
525



Yes 1
Vladimir of Kiev
1015
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Vladimir Paley 1896 1918


Yes
1
Waningus
683



Yes 1
Wenceslaus
935



Yes 1
Werburgh
699


Yes Yes 2
Wiborada
926



Yes 1
Wilfrid of Ripon
709
Yes
Yes Yes 3
Willehad of Bremen
789
Yes

Yes 2
William of Perth
1201



Yes 1
William of York
1154



Yes 1
Willibrord
739
Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
Wolfeius
c. 11th century
Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
Wolfgang of Regensburg
994


Yes Yes 2
Wolfhelm of Brauweiler
1091



Yes 1
Wulfram of Sens
703
Yes

Yes 2
Xenia the Righteous of Rome
5th century


Yes
1
Xenia of Saint Petersburg
c. 1803


Yes
0.5
Xenophon of Robika
1262


Yes
1
Yaropolk Izyaslavich
1087


Yes
1
Yegor Chekryakovsky
1928


Yes
1
Yrieix
591


Yes Yes 2
Pope Zachary
752


Yes Yes 2
Zdislava Berka
1252



Yes 1
Zita
1272



Yes 1
Zofia Szydlowiecka
1551



Yes 1
Zosimas of Palestine
560

Yes Yes
2
Zygmunt Gorazdowski
1920



Yes 1

Question #21: Which “list of saints” the God uses to let people pass into the Heaven – does the God use Orthodox list, Catholic list, Anglican list, Coptic list, or which “list of saints” the God uses?



Chapter #22: The relics and the commandments of God

The God said very clearly in the Bible that you can not touch the dead people, or the parts of the dead people, bones, etc.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Numbers+19&version=ESV
11 “Whoever touches the dead body of any person shall be unclean seven days.
12 He shall cleanse himself with the water on the third day and on the seventh day, and so be clean. But if he does not cleanse himself on the third day and on the seventh day, he will not become clean.
13 Whoever touches a dead person, the body of anyone who has died, and does not cleanse himself, defiles the tabernacle of the Lord, and that person shall be cut off from Israel; because the water for impurity was not thrown on him, he shall be unclean. His uncleanness is still on him.
14 “This is the law when someone dies in a tent: everyone who comes into the tent and everyone who is in the tent shall be unclean seven days.
15 And every open vessel that has no cover fastened on it is unclean.
16 Whoever in the open field touches someone who was killed with a sword or who died naturally, or touches a human bone or a grave, shall be unclean seven days.
17 For the unclean they shall take some ashes of the burnt sin offering, and fresh[a] water shall be added in a vessel.
18 Then a clean person shall take hyssop and dip it in the water and sprinkle it on the tent and on all the furnishings and on the persons who were there and on whoever touched the bone, or the slain or the dead or the grave.
19 And the clean person shall sprinkle it on the unclean on the third day and on the seventh day. Thus on the seventh day he shall cleanse him, and he shall wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and at evening he shall be clean.
20 “If the man who is unclean does not cleanse himself, that person shall be cut off from the midst of the assembly, since he has defiled the sanctuary of the Lord. Because the water for impurity has not been thrown on him, he is unclean.
Bible. Numbers 19:11-20

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+21&version=ESV
1 And the Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them, No one shall make himself unclean for the dead among his people,
2 except for his closest relatives, his mother, his father, his son, his daughter, his brother,
3 or his virgin sister (who is near to him because she has had no husband; for her he may make himself unclean).
4 He shall not make himself unclean as a husband among his people and so profane himself.
Bible. Leviticus 21:1-4

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+21&version=ESV
10 “The priest who is chief among his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil is poured and who has been consecrated to wear the garments, shall not let the hair of his head hang loose nor tear his clothes.
11 He shall not go in to any dead bodies nor make himself unclean, even for his father or for his mother.
Bible. Leviticus 21:10-11

However, the Christians do not obey the God's commandments and worship and touch so-called “holy relics” – corpses, parts of dead bodies, bones, etc.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relic
In religion, a relic usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial. Relics are an important aspect of some forms of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Shamanism, and many other religions. Relic derives from the Latin reliquiae, meaning "remains," and a form of the Latin verb relinquere, to "leave behind, or abandon." A reliquary is a shrine that houses one or more religious relics.
Wikipedia

Question #22: What will be the punishment of God for the people who violate the commandment of God not to touch dead bodies, parts of dead bodies, bones and so on?



Chapter #23: The crosier and the instructions of Jesus

Jesus told his disciples not to acquire any crosier/staff.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+10&version=ESV
1 And he called to him his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every affliction.
2 The names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;
4 Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
5 These twelve Jesus sent out, instructing them, “Go nowhere among the Gentiles and enter no town of the Samaritans,
6 but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
7 And proclaim as you go, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’
8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons. You received without paying; give without pay.
9 Acquire no gold or silver or copper for your belts,
10 no bag for your journey, or two tunics or sandals or a staff, for the laborer deserves his food.
Bible. От Matthew 10:1-10

However, Christian prelates have acquired a bunch of crosiers and go everywhere with them.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crosier
A crosier (also known as a crozier, paterissa, pastoral staff, or bishop's staff) is a stylized staff carried by high-ranking Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and some Lutheran, United Methodist and Pentecostal prelates. Other typical insignia of many of these prelates are the mitre, the pectoral cross, and the episcopal ring.

Official use
The crosier is the symbol of the governing office of abishop or Apostle.
<...>
Papal usage
A crosier was also carried on some occasions by the pope, beginning in the early days of the church. This practice was gradually phased out and had disappeared by the time of Pope Innocent III's pontificate in the thirteenth century. In the Middle Ages, popes carried a three-barred cross (one more bar than on those carried before archbishops in processions), in the same manner as other bishops carried a crosier. This was in turn phased out, but Pope Paul VI introduced the modern papal pastoral staff in 1965, which instead of a cross or a triple-cross depicts a modern rendition of the crucified Christ, whose arms are fixed to a crossbar that is curved somewhat in the manner of an Eastern Catholic crosier. John Paul I and John Paul II carried this same pastoral staff, as did Benedict XVI at the beginning of his papacy. Benedict XVI later carried more traditionally wrought staffs or ferulae, the first one from the pontificate of Pope Pius IX, then a second one newly made in 2009. Pope Francis continued to carry the new crosier of Benedict XVI, but has also carried the crosier of Paul VI, alternating the use of both crosiers.

Pope John Paul II holding the Papal ferula on 5 October 1997
Pope John Paul II holding the Papal ferula on 5 October 1997

Western crosier of Archbishop Heinrich of Finstingen, 1260–1286
Western crosier of Archbishop Heinrich of Finstingen, 1260–1286
Wikipedia

Question #23: What will be the punishment of God for the Christian prelates who do not obey the instructions of Jesus not to acquire any crosier/staff?



Chapter #24: The sword of Saint Peter

Jesus ordered his apostles to acquire swords.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+22&version=ESV
36 He said to them, “But now let the one who has a moneybag take it, and likewise a knapsack. And let the one who has no sword sell his cloak and buy one.
37 For I tell you that this Scripture must be fulfilled in me: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors.’ For what is written about me has its fulfillment.”
38 And they said, “Look, Lord, here are two swords.” And he said to them, “It is enough.”
Bible. Luke 22:36-38

Jesus explained to his apostles exactly why the swords are needed.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+19&version=ESV
27 But as for these enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, bring them here and slaughter them before me.’”
28 And when he had said these things, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.
Bible. Luke 22:27-28

The apostles of Jesus used the swords against the opponents of Jesus, exactly as Jesus had instructed them to do.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+18&version=ESV
1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples across the brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered.
2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, for Jesus often met there with his disciples.
3 So Judas, having procured a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons.
4 Then Jesus, knowing all that would happen to him, came forward and said to them, “Whom do you seek?”
5 They answered him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am he.” Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them.
6 When Jesus said to them, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
7 So he asked them again, “Whom do you seek?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
8 Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. So, if you seek me, let these men go.”
9 This was to fulfill the word that he had spoken: “Of those whom you gave me I have lost not one.”
10 Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant and cut off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.)
11 So Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into its sheath; shall I not drink the cup that the Father has given me?”
Bible. John 18:1-11

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+26&version=ESV
47 While he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders of the people.
48 Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, “The one I will kiss is the man; seize him.”
49 And he came up to Jesus at once and said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” And he kissed him.
50 Jesus said to him, “Friend, do what you came to do.” Then they came up and laid hands on Jesus and seized him.
51 And behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand and drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his ear.
52 Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its place. For all who take the sword will perish by the sword.
53 Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels?
54 But how then should the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must be so?”
55 At that hour Jesus said to the crowds, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? Day after day I sat in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me.
56 But all this has taken place that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples left him and fled.
Bible. Matthew 26:47-56

Here is the sword of Saint Peter with which Peter had struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his ear.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sword_of_Saint_Peter
The Sword of Saint Peter (Polish: Miecz świętego Piotra) is allegedly the sword with which the Apostle Peter cut off the ear of the high priest's servant at the time of Jesus' arrest in Gethsemane.
The sword is wide-tipped, similar in shape to a dussack or machete. It currently resides in the Poznań Archdiocesan Museum.
An exact copy of the sword, made by Bogdan Puchalski, is displayed on the wall of the Poznań Archcathedral Basilica.
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Description
The blade was made from a single piece of iron with an added small cross-guard
Total length: 70.2-centimetre (27.6 in), it was probably 1-centimetre (0.4 in) or 2-centimetre (0.8 in) longer, but the tip of the sword was destroyed by corrosion
Maximal width, at the tip: 9.4-centimetre (3.7 in)
There is a hole 10.3-centimetre (4.1 in) from the end of the hilt, which is 0.4-centimetre (0.2 in) in diameter
Sword of Saint Peter
Sword in Archdiocesan Museum
Wikipedia

It is important to note that Roman law forbade carrying of swords (and any other weapons) for residents of occupied countries, the violators of this law were subjected to the death penalty by crucifixion. Carrying of swords (and any other weapons) was allowed only to Roman citizens, and even the Sanhedrin temple guards were armed only with wooden sticks and had no metallic weapons whatsoever.

http://jnt.sagepub.com/content/37/1/3?etoc
Abstract
In debating the meaning of Jesus’ arrest and death at Jerusalem, scholars have paid too little attention to normal Roman practices of dealing with persons found armed in public in Rome or other cities under their control. Moreover, the idea that only one or two of Jesus’ disciples were armed has been accepted uncritically in spite of the probability that more or all of them were armed. This article highlights the significance of Jesus’ disciples being armed when he was arrested just outside the walls of Jerusalem, linking that fact with other details from the sources, such as Jesus’ opposition to the temple, the presence of Samaritans among his early followers, the absence of lamb at the last supper, and the fact that he was executed by the Romans as a ‘social rebel’. Jesus led his followers, armed, to Jerusalem to participate in a heavenly-earthly battle to overthrow the Romans and their high-priestly client rulers of Judea.
Jesus in Jerusalem: Armed and Not Dangerous. Journal for the Study of the New Testament September. 2014 vol. 37 no. 1 3-24
By Dale B. Martin. Yale University, USA.

http://www.newsweek.com/2014/10/17/jesus-was-crucified-because-disciples-were-armed-bible-analysis-suggests-271436.html
Jesus may have been crucified because his followers were carrying weapons, according to a scholarly analysis of New Testament books.
Dale Martin, a professor of religious studies at Yale University, says that this aspect of stories about Jesus, as told in the gospels, has received too little attention, but could alone explain Jesus’s execution and also show that the man from Nazareth was not the pacifist he’s usually made out to be.
The biblical books of Mark and Luke both state that at least one (and probably two or more) of Jesus’s followers was carrying a sword when Jesus was arrested shortly after the Last Supper, at the time of the Jewish festival of Passover. One disciple, Simon Peter, even used his sword to cut off the ear of one of those arresting Jesus, according to the Gospel of John.
This militant behavior almost certainly wouldn’t have been tolerated by the Romans, led by the prefect Pontius Pilate, Martin tells Newsweek. For example, historical documents show that it was illegal at the time to walk about armed in Rome and in some other Roman cities. Although no legal records survive from Jerusalem, it stands to reason, based on a knowledge of Roman history, that the region’s rulers would have frowned upon the carrying of swords, and especially wouldn’t have tolerated an armed band of Jews roaming the city during Passover, an often turbulent festival, Martin says.
“Just as you could be arrested in Rome for even having a dagger, if Jesus’s followers were armed, that would be reason enough to crucify him,” says Martin, whose analysis was published this month in the Journal for the Study of the New Testament.
Jesus Was Crucified Because Disciples Were Armed, Bible Analysis Suggests
By Douglas Main. Newsweek. September 18, 2014

Question #24: How do you call people who carry weapons banned by the law?



Chapter #25: The Commandment of God “You shall not murder” and commandment of Moses to kill brothers, companions and neighbors

On Mount Sinai Moses received The Ten Commandments, and one of Commandments was “You shall not murder”. However, immediately after Moses went down from Mount Sinai, Moses immediately commanded that people must kill their brothers, companions and neighbors.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+32&version=ESV
15 Then Moses turned and went down from the mountain with the two tablets of the testimony in his hand, tablets that were written on both sides; on the front and on the back they were written.
16 The tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, engraved on the tablets.
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19 And as soon as he came near the camp and saw the calf and the dancing, Moses' anger burned hot, and he threw the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain.
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25 And when Moses saw that the people had broken loose (for Aaron had let them break loose, to the derision of their enemies),
26 then Moses stood in the gate of the camp and said, “Who is on the Lord's side? Come to me.” And all the sons of Levi gathered around him.
27 And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord God of Israel, ‘Put your sword on your side each of you, and go to and fro from gate to gate throughout the camp, and each of you kill his brother and his companion and his neighbor.’”
28 And the sons of Levi did according to the word of Moses. And that day about three thousand men of the people fell.
29 And Moses said, “Today you have been ordained for the service of the Lord, each one at the cost of his son and of his brother, so that he might bestow a blessing upon you this day.”
Bible. Exodus 32:15-29

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+20&version=ESV
2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
3 “You shall have no other gods before me.
4 “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
5 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me,
6 but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
9 Six days you shall labor, and do all your work,
10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates.
11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.
13 “You shall not murder.
14 “You shall not commit adultery.
15 “You shall not steal.
16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
17 “You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor's.”
Bible. Exodus 20:2-17

Question #25: Was it good or evil when people obeyed the commandment of Moses and killed their brothers, companions and neighbors?



Chapter #26: XXXXXX

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Chapter #27: XXXXXX

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Chapter #28: XXXXXX

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